Record Details

NHER Number:24378
Type of record:Monument
Name:Medieval settlement and multi-period finds

Summary

Fieldwalking in 1988 as part of the Fenland Survey recovered pieces of medieval pottery, shell, bone and prehistoric worked and burnt flints. Fieldwalking and metal-detecting between 1993 and 2015 recovered Roman, medieval and post-medieval coins; medieval and post-medieval jettons and Late Bronze Age, Roman and Middle Saxon to post-medieval metal objects. The metal finds include part of a Late Bronze Age chisel; Roman brooches, a finger ring and a bead; an incomplete Middle Saxon strap end; a Late Saxon harness fitting; a Late Saxon to post-medieval spindle whorl; medieval to post-medieval dress accessories; medieval keys, thimbles, brooches, keys, an ampulla, cauldron fragment, seal matrix and padlock; a medieval/post-medieval spindle whorl, bell, spur fragment and lead weight and a post-medieval, crotal bell, ferrule, pair of dividers and a sword belt or strap fitting.
The large number of medieval finds suggest that this was the location of medieval settlement adjacent to the Narborough and Swaffham road.

Images

  • Medieval brooch from NHER 24378  © Norfolk County Council

Location

Grid Reference:TF 72 10
Map Sheet:TF71SW
Parish:MARHAM, WEST NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

9 March 1988. Fenland fieldwalking, cereal and weathered soil.
Context 1 general scatter. MRM BC.
Medieval sherds and occasional flint.

Context 2, at [1]. MRM 35.
Broad spread of pottery occupying almost all southern half of site, with numerous tiny fragments of shell, odd broken bone fragments and also some firecracked flints. Pottery medieval, possibly also some Iron Age sherds. No obvious pottery concentrations within scatter. About 650m east to west x 100m north to south at 7.6m OD.
R. Silvester (NAU), 9 March 1988.

For full details of wares, flint types, etc. see (S1).

December 1993. Finder's 'field 7'. [2].
Medieval sherds.
One base unglazed Grimston.
Four unglazed.
Two glazed Grimston.
A. Rogerson (NLA) 14 December 1993.

January 2000. Metal detecting. [3].
One Roman coin.
Four medieval coins.
Medieval, post medieval and undatable metal finds.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 7 March 2000.

February 2000. Metal detecting. [4].
One Roman and one medieval coin.
Four late medieval/early post medieval buckles.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 1 April 2000.

January 2001. Metal detecting.
Medieval coin.
Two post medieval jettons.
Medieval and post medieval metal finds.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 4 March 2001.

February 2001. Metal detecting.
Medieval buckle.
See list in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 30 March 2001.

October 2001. Metal detecting.
Roman coin.
Medieval, post medieval and undatable metal finds.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 13 December 2001.

September - October 2002. Metal detecting.
Post medieval jetton.
Medieval, post medieval and undatable metal finds.
See lists in file with National Grid References.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 6 November 2002.

January - February 2003. Metal detecting.
Roman coin.
See list in file with National Grid Reference.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 7 March 2003.

September - October 2003. Metal detecting.
Late Bronze Age (S2), Roman, medieval, post medieval and undatable metal objects.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 8 November 2003.

January - February 2005. Metal detecting.
Two Roman, one medieval and two post medieval coins, one medieval and two post medieval jettons.
Roman, Middle Saxon, medieval and post medieval metal objects.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 9 March 2005.

May - June 2005. Metal detecting.
Medieval and post medieval metal objects.
Two post medieval jettons.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 8 July 2005.

September - October 2006. Metal detecting.
2 post medieval coins.
Roman finger ring.
Medieval and post medieval metal objects.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 7 November 2006.

August - September 2007. Metal detecting.
Romano-British brooch, medieval coin, medieval and post medieval metal objects.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 5 October 2007.

October - November 2007. Metal detecting.
Romano-British, Late Saxon (S3), medieval (S4) and post medieval objects, 3 medieval and 1 post medieval coin.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 5 December 2007.

September / October 2011. Metal-detecting.
One Roman coin, and medieval, medieval/post-medieval and post-medieval metal objects.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (HES), 10 November 2011.

September-October 2014. Metal-detecting. [5].
2 Roman coins and a brooch.
Late Saxon to post-medieval spindle whorl.
6 medieval coins, 1 jetton, buckles, thimbles, a cylindrical padlock, rotary key, brooch, lead weight and the pin from a brooch.
3 post-medieval coins, 1 jetton and a sword belt or strap fitting.
Information from PAS import.
A. Beckham (HES), 3 November 2014.

March-April 2015. Metal-detecting. [6].
2 post-medieval jettons.
Information from PAS import.
A. Beckham (HES), 1 June 2015.

Monument Types

  • FINDSPOT (Unknown date)
  • FINDSPOT (Prehistoric - 1000000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Bronze Age - 1000 BC to 701 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Saxon to 19th Century - 851 AD to 1900 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval to 19th Century - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • SETTLEMENT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds

  • ANIMAL REMAINS (Undated)
  • MOLLUSCA REMAINS (Undated)
  • RING (Unknown date)
  • WEIGHT (Undated)
  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Lower Palaeolithic to Late Iron Age - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • CHISEL (Late Bronze Age - 1000 BC to 701 BC)
  • POT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • BEAD (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BROOCH (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BROOCH (Roman - 43 AD to 65 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINGER RING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 269 AD to 271 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 330 AD to 335 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 348 AD to 350 AD)
  • STRAP END (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • HARNESS FITTING (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • SPINDLE WHORL (Late Saxon to 16th Century - 1000 AD to 1600 AD)
  • AMPULLA (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BELL (Medieval to 19th Century - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BROOCH (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • CAULDRON (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • JETTON (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • KEY (LOCKING) (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • KEY (LOCKING) (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • LACE TAG (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • MIRROR CASE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • PURSE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • SCABBARD (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • SEAL MATRIX (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • SPINDLE WHORL (Medieval to 19th Century - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • SPUR (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • SPUR (Medieval to 19th Century - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • STRAP END (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • THIMBLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • TOKEN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • WEIGHT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • WEIGHT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • WEIGHT (Medieval to 19th Century - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • KEY (LOCKING) (Medieval to 13th Century - 1100 AD to 1300 AD)
  • BROOCH (12th Century to 14th Century - 1200 AD to 1400 AD)
  • PADLOCK (12th Century to 13th Century - 1200 AD to 1300 AD)
  • WEIGHT (12th Century to 15th Century - 1200 AD to 1500 AD)
  • COIN (13th Century - 1248 AD to 1250 AD)
  • COIN (13th Century - 1251 AD to 1272 AD)
  • BUCKLE (13th Century to 14th Century - 1270 AD to 1400 AD)
  • COIN (13th Century - 1280 AD to 1286 AD)
  • COIN (13th Century - 1293 AD to 1296 AD)
  • BUCKLE (13th Century to 15th Century - 1300 AD to 1500 AD)
  • THIMBLE (13th Century to 14th Century - 1300 AD to 1400 AD)
  • BUCKLE (14th Century - 1350 AD to 1400 AD)
  • BUCKLE (14th Century - 1350 AD to 1400 AD)
  • THIMBLE (14th Century to 15th Century - 1350 AD to 1500 AD)
  • COIN (14th Century - 1351 AD to 1377 AD)
  • JETTON (14th Century to 15th Century - 1373 AD to 1415 AD)
  • COIN (15th Century - 1468 AD to 1474 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BUTTON (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • CAULDRON (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • CROTAL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • DIVIDERS (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • FERRULE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • FURNITURE FITTING (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • HOOKED TAG (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • JETTON (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • SWORD BELT (16th Century to 17th Century - 1540 AD to 1700 AD)
  • SWORD BELT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • WEIGHT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • JETTON (16th Century - 1550 AD to 1584 AD)
  • JETTON (16th Century - 1553 AD to 1584 AD)
  • COIN (16th Century - 1579 AD to 1579 AD)
  • COIN (16th Century to 17th Century - 1582 AD to 1603 AD)
  • JETTON (17th Century - 1608 AD to 1612 AD)
  • COIN (17th Century - 1614 AD to 1625 AD)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---*Fieldwork: Fenland Survey. MRM 35. FENS.
---*Fieldwork: Fenland Survey. MRM BC. FENS.
---Photograph: I & RS. Digital finds image.
---Record Card: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
---Monograph: Silvester, R. J. 1988. The Fenland Project Number 3: Marshland and Nar Valley, Norfolk. East Anglian Archaeology. No 45.
---Secondary File: Secondary File.
<S1>Archive: Fenland Folders.
<S2>Illustration: Ashley, S.. 2003. Drawing of a Late Bronze Age copper alloy socketed chisel fragment.. Film. 1:1.
<S3>Illustration: Gibbons, J.. 2007. Drawing of a Late Saxon horse harness cheek-piece.. Film. 2:1.
<S4>Illustration: Gibbons, J.. 2007. Drawing of a Medieval sword scabbard chape.. Film. 2:1.

Related records - none

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