Record Details

NHER Number:23357
Type of record:Find Spot
Name:Multi-period finds

Summary

Fieldwalking as part of the Fenland Survey recovered pieces of Iron Age or Bronze Age and medieval pot and Beaker period worked flints. Concentrations of prehistoric burnt and worked flints and Bronze Age to Iron Age pot were also recorded.
Metal-detecting between 1997 and 2015 recovered Roman and medieval pottery sherds; Roman, medieval and post-medieval coins; medieval and post-medieval jettons and undatable, Iron Age to Early Saxon and medieval to post-medieval metal objects. The metal finds include undatable lead weights; an Iron Age brooch; Roman brooches and a bracelet terminal; Early Saxon and Middle Saxon brooches; medieval to post-medieval dress accessories, including an unusual medieval strap-end; medieval thimbles, a spoon fragment, spur buckle, horse harness pendant and papal bull; a medieval/post-medieval spindle whorl and copper alloy vessel fragments and a post-medieval furniture mount, crotal bell, seal matrix and thimble

Images

  • Medieval furniture mount NHER 23357  © Norfolk County Council
  • Early Saxon brooch from NHER 23357  © Norfolk County Council

Location

Grid Reference:TF 72 11
Map Sheet:TF71SW
Parish:MARHAM, WEST NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

1986 to 1987. Found with metal-detector.
Context 2 at [1].
Papal Bull (to be identified).
Information from [2].
A. Rogerson (NAU), 20 February 1987.

25 March 1987.
Drawn.
See (S1).

1987. Fenland fieldwalking weathered ploughsoil drilled.
Context 1 general scatter. MRM AQ.
1st millennium BC pottery (Iron Age or Bronze Age) few flints and quite a lot of medieval pottery. Most of the latter from vicinity of road but no concentration.
Context 3 at 7272 1090. MRM 22.
Sparse spread of pot boilers, no flints 42m east to west maximum and 22m north to south minimum (ground too boggy to record in detail) at 6.9m OD.
Context 4 at 7278 1093. MRM 23
Concentration of Bronze Age/Iron Age pot moderate to abundant some bone fragments moderate quantities of burnt pebbles and some pot boilers and a couple of flint hammer stones. Core area stained grey. On sandy soil plateau with a spread down into a hollow in northeast corner 75m northeast to southwest x 55m northwest to southeast approximately maximum at 7.6 OD.
Context 5 at 7289 1112. MRM 24.
Concentration sparse pottery and flints. Pot provisionally Iron Age but flint ought to be earlier although quite a reasonable amount of it. Sparse pebbles and some pot boilers as well. Sandy soil, flint. Slightly grey stains. Maximum 53m north to south x 50m east to west at 7.3m OD.
Context 6 at 7293 1112. MRM 25.
Sparse concentration pot boilers and couple flints on edge of slight hollow. Maximum 32m east to west x 37m north to south at 7.6m OD.
R. Silvester (NAU), 25 March 1987.

Flint in context 1 is Beaker.
F. Healy (NAU).

Context 5 includes arrowhead. Flint is Beaker.
F. Healy (NAU).

FOR FULL DETAILS OF FLINT TYPES, WARES ETC. SEE (S2).

July to September 1992. Part of Context 1. Finder's No. M8. [3].
One body sherd medieval unglazed, one body sherd ?glazed Grimston.

Finder's No. M8B (southern part).
One body sherd glazed Grimston (burnt).
A. Rogerson (NLA), 30 September 1992.

March 1993. Metal-detecting finds. [4].
1) medieval bronze gilded lobed buckle plate, semi-circular outer part pierced with a rivet. Punched decoration forming V-shaped band delineating two circular fields, each with a rivet. Folded and cut along H-shaped edge for a pin. Back of plate broken.
2) medieval cast bronze ewer leg.
Identified by S. Margeson (NCM).
A. Rogerson (NLA), 3 May 1993.

March 1993. Further collection. [4].
One base sherd
One base sherd Iron Age or Roman with iron ore inclusions.
One base sherd medieval unglazed.
One base sherd glazed Grimston.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 14 April 1993.

January 1997. Metal-detecting finds. [5].
Roman, medieval and post-medieval coins.
Medieval jetton.
Early Saxon and Middle Saxon brooches.
Medieval and post-medieval metal finds.
Roman and medieval sherds.
Individually plotted. See lists and (S3) in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 28 February 1997.

September 1998. Metal-detecting find. Context 4, area of. [6].
Roman headstud brooch. Short wings with two grooves. Soldi head loop. Moulded flat bottomed foot. Running chevron along bow with red ?colour enamel. Stud probably not enamelled. Late 2nd century.
See (S4) and (S5).
Identified by V. Fryer (NCM).
A. Rogerson (NLA), 30 October 1998.

December 1998. Metal-detecting. [7].
Roman coin.
Medieval spoon fragment.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 29 January 1999.

July to August 2000. Metal-detecting. [8].
One Roman coin and one post-medieval jetton.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 25 September 2000.

September-October 2008. Metal-detecting.
Unusual medieval strap-end, incomplete buckle plate and a fragment of gilt spur buckle found. Also medieval/post-medieval large triangular lug from a cauldron and a fragment of a vessel rim. A post-medieval incomplete buckle frame and a jetton were also recovered.
See list in file.
H. White (NLA), 17 November 2008.

April-May 2009. Metal-detecting.
Roman brooch, medieval horse harness pendant, buckle, coin, post-medieval buckle, hooked tag, button, coin and jetton.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 5 June 2009.

May-June 2009. Metal-detecting.
Iron Age brooch, two Roman coins, Roman brooch, medieval strap end, buckle, thimble, and post-medieval buckle frame.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 10 July 2009.

September-October 2009. Metal-detecting.
Medieval buckles, post-medieval crotal, jetton and undatable lead weights.
See list in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 30 October 2009.

April-May 2010. Metal-detecting.
One Roman and three medieval coins, one medieval and one post-medieval jetton, and post-medieval thimble.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 6 June 2010.

September-October 2010. Metal-detecting.
Roman bracelet terminal, medieval and post-medieval metal objects.
See list in file.
A. Rogerson (HES), 4 November 2010.

August-September 2011. Metal-detecting.
One Roman and one medieval coin, medieval, medieval/post-medieval and post-medieval metal objects.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (HES), 10 October 2011.

March-April 2015. Metal-detecting. [9].
Roman brooch.
Early Saxon brooch.
4 medieval coins, buckles and thimbles.
Medieval/post-medieval attachment loop from a copper alloy vessel and a loop fastener.
1 post-medieval coin, 1 jetton and a seal matrix.
Information from PAS import.
A. Beckham (HES), 5 May 2015.

Monument Types

  • FINDSPOT (Unknown date)
  • FINDSPOT (Prehistoric - 1000000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Beaker - 2300 BC to 1700 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Early Saxon - 410 AD to 650 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval to 19th Century - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds

  • ANIMAL REMAINS (Undated)
  • WEIGHT (Unknown date)
  • ARROWHEAD (Lower Palaeolithic to Late Iron Age - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • HAMMERSTONE (Lower Palaeolithic to Late Iron Age - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Lower Palaeolithic to Late Iron Age - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • POT BOILER (Lower Palaeolithic to Late Iron Age - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • POT (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Beaker - 2300 BC to 1700 BC)
  • BROOCH (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • POT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • BRACELET (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BROOCH (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINGER RING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • KEY (LOCKING) (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BROOCH (Roman - 55 AD to 80 AD)
  • BROOCH (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • BROOCH (Early Saxon - 480 AD to 530 AD)
  • BROOCH (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • AMPULLA (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BULL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • CANDLE HOLDER (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FURNITURE FITTING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • HARNESS PENDANT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • JETTON (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • PURSE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • SEAL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • SPOON (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • THIMBLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • TOKEN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • VESSEL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • VESSEL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BUCKLE (12th Century to 14th Century - 1200 AD to 1399 AD)
  • BUCKLE (12th Century to 14th Century - 1200 AD to 1400 AD)
  • BUCKLE (12th Century to 14th Century - 1200 AD to 1400 AD)
  • SPUR (12th Century to 14th Century - 1200 AD to 1399 AD)
  • COIN (13th Century - 1280 AD to 1281 AD)
  • COIN (13th Century - 1280 AD to 1281 AD)
  • COIN (13th Century - 1282 AD to 1289 AD)
  • LUG (HANDLE) (13th Century to 17th Century - 1300 AD to 1699 AD)
  • RIM SHERD (13th Century to 17th Century - 1300 AD to 1699 AD)
  • SPINDLE WHORL (13th Century to 17th Century - 1300 AD to 1699 AD)
  • STRAP END (13th Century to 14th Century - 1300 AD to 1399 AD)
  • THIMBLE (13th Century to 14th Century - 1300 AD to 1400 AD)
  • THIMBLE (13th Century to 15th Century - 1300 AD to 1500 AD)
  • VESSEL (13th Century to 16th Century - 1300 AD to 1600 AD)
  • COIN (14th Century - 1301 AD to 1305 AD)
  • BUCKLE (14th Century - 1350 AD to 1400 AD)
  • DRESS FASTENER (DRESS) (14th Century to 17th Century - 1400 AD to 1700 AD)
  • BUCKLE (16th Century to 17th Century - 1540 AD to 1699 AD)
  • BUTTON (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BUTTON (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • CANDLE HOLDER (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • CROTAL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • DRESS COMPONENT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • FURNITURE FITTING (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • HOOKED TAG (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • JETTON (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • PURSE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • THIMBLE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • JETTON (16th Century - 1553 AD to 1584 AD)
  • JETTON (16th Century to 17th Century - 1586 AD to 1635 AD)
  • SEAL MATRIX (16th Century to 17th Century - 1600 AD to 1700 AD)
  • COIN (17th Century - 1603 AD to 1604 AD)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---*Fieldwork: Fenland Survey. MRM 22. FENS.
---*Fieldwork: Fenland Survey. MRM 23. FENS.
---*Fieldwork: Fenland Survey. MRM 24. FENS.
---*Fieldwork: Fenland Survey. MRM 25. FENS.
---*Fieldwork: Fenland Survey. MRM AQ. FENS.
---Photograph: I & RS. Digital finds image.
---Record Card: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
---Monograph: Silvester, R. J. 1988. The Fenland Project Number 3: Marshland and Nar Valley, Norfolk. East Anglian Archaeology. No 45.
---Secondary File: Secondary File.
---Photograph: EGA 8-11 (arrowhead)- N.
<S1>Illustration: Ashley, S.. 1987. Sketch of a papal bull.. Film. 1:1.
<S2>Archive: Fenland Folders.
<S3>Map: Finder's Map..
<S4>Publication: Hattatt, R.. 1982. Ancient and Romano-British Brooches. 1. No 35.
<S5>Photograph: NCC Find Identification and Recording Service. c. 1975-2000. HES Find Polaroid Collection. HES Find Polaroid Collection. polaroid. black and white. NCM.

Related records - none

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