Record Details

NHER Number:21959
Type of record:Monument
Name:Possible Roman settlement and multi-period finds

Summary

Fieldwalking and metal-detecting between 1982 and 2013 recovered ?Mesolithic flint blades and a number of later prehistoric worked flints, including scrapers and retouched flakes; Roman, medieval and post-medieval pottery sherds; Roman building material; post-medieval clay tobacco pipe fragments; a fragment of undated lava quern stone; Iron Age, Roman, medieval and post-medieval coins; a post-medieval jetton and Iron Age to post-medieval metal objects. The metal finds include an Iron Age pin and enamelled shield boss; Roman tweezers, brooches, a bell, weight, furniture fitting, steelyard weight and bracelet fragments; an Early Saxon bell, brooch, pendant, pair of tweezers and a rare 6th century gold bracelet; an Early/Middle Saxon mount; a Late Saxon unidentified object; medieval and post-medieval dress accessories; a medieval harness pendant, copper alloy ring, spindle whorl and thimble; a medieval/post-medieval copper alloy vessel fragment and post-medieval crotal bells, a cloth seal, musket ball, thimble, hammer and spur fragment.
The find scatter suggest that there was probably a Roman settlement on the site.

Images

  • 6th century Early Saxon gold child's bracelet with stamped decoration found in Carleton Rode  © Norfolk Museums & Archaeology Service

Location

Grid Reference:Not displayed
Map Sheet:TM19SW
Parish:CARLETON RODE, SOUTH NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

1982 to 1985. Fieldwalking and metal-detecting.
Context 2 at [1]:
Roman bronze decorated hammer, (S3).
Context 3 at [2]:
Iron Age Iceni gold quarter stater (Mack 404).
Context 4 at [3]:
Roman bronze curved cosmetic palette (S1).
Context 5 at [4]:
Medieval copper alloy buckle (S1) and medieval sherd. Early Saxon half head of cruciform brooch developed Aberg group I. Early Saxon pendant with two holes - Roman coin? With punched decoration.
Context 6 at [5]:
Roman head and part bow of Langton Down brooch.
Roman/Early Saxon hemispherical bronze bell.
Early Saxon animal head foot of cruciform brooch, nostrils large but plain probably group II. Early Saxon head plate and bow of small long brooch. See (S10) for further information.

Finds now held by Norwich Castle Museum (NCM 378.985), except Iron Age coin (BM (CM)).
Identified by E.B. Green (NCM), except for coin pendant which was identified by Susan Youngs (BM).
E.B. Green (NCM), 7 March 1984 (to NAU November 1985). Amended by M. Langham-Lopez (HES), 17 June 2013.

P. Day (S2) adds to finds above:
One scatter of Roman sherds - bowl and mortaria rims - and medieval to post medieval sherds all over field (Roman sherds drawn and described in (S2)).
Also: Twenty four Roman coins, various post medieval coins (ditto as above).
Post medieval buckles.
Medieval purse frame. (Full details in (S2)).
These finds now NCM 378.985 as per cat.
E. Rose (NCM), 3 July 1986.

April 1987.
Details as before. General scatter.
Roman? Bronze claw-hammer, metalsmiths tool? Similar to that in (S2).
Lead weight, undated.
Late Saxon? Bronze decorated object.
Neolithic flint flake retouched as scraper, three other flakes, identified by J. Wymer (NAU).
W. Milligan (NCM), 27 May 1987.

Context 5 see above.
Late Iron Age decorative boss, early to mid 1st century AD. Traces of red enamel survive in open work. Bronze pin if it survived at all, probably went through boss holding it to top of e.g. a sword pommel, (S11 and S12).
(S3) in file.
Identified by A. Gregory (NCM).
W. Milligan (NCM), 12 August 1987, to NAU February 1988.

May 1988.
Context 7 at [6]:
Gold decorated bracelet, found folded up, (S13).
(4-8) in file.
W. Milligan (NCM), 23 May 1988.

1995. Fieldwalking.
Area comprising six 40ft by 20ft blocks (Context 8); labelled Y1-Y3 and Z1-Z3 by finder, see map in file.
2 ?Mesolithic flint blades.
12 Neolithic flint flakes.
11 Roman coins, 119 pottery sherds (115 greyware, 1 greyware mortarium, 1 Samian, 1 colour-coated flanged rim, 1 amphora) and 1 brick fragment
1 Roman to medieval lava quern fragment.
7 medieval pottery sherds and suspension ring or brooch or buckle.
?Medieval lead weight and copper alloy stud.
1 post-medieval pottery sherd (Frechen stoneware), 1 buckle, 1 sword belt fitting (17th century) and 1 clay pipe stem.
17 undatable iron slag fragments.
These finds are part of a collection of material from this site that was subsequently given to the Norwich Castle Museum (NWHCM : 1999.323.8.2).
Flints identified by J. Wymer (NAU), coins by J. Davies (NCM) and other objects by S. Margeson (NCM).
W. Milligan (NCM), 15 April 1997. Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 13 January 2013.

1997. Metal detecting.
Twenty two Roman and one medieval coin. Three post medieval jettons.
Undatable, Roman, Early Saxon, medieval and post medieval metal finds.
Prehistoric flint.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 27 June 1999.

2000 to March 2003. Metal detecting.
Late Neolithic/Early Bronze Age and undatable prehistoric worked flints.
Roman sherds.
Five Roman and two medieval coins.
Roman bracelet.
Undatable weight.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 24 May 2003.

Before 12 July 2004. Metal detecting.
Seven Roman and one medieval coins.
Roman, medieval and post medieval metal objects.
Medieval pot sherd.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 5 November 2004.

Before January 2005.
Prehistoric flint flake.
Two Roman coins.
?Roman, medieval and post medieval metal objects.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 31 May 2005.

March 2007. Condition of Scheduled Monuments in Cultivation (COSMIC) risk assessment.
Desk based COSMIC assessments completed, along with the excavation of two test pits. A piece of undatable brick and a prehistoric flint flake were recovered from the western test pit.
See (S9).
D. Robertson (NLA), 13 April 2007.

Before 30 June 2008. Metal-detecting,
Neolithic scraper, Roman brooch and Medieval/Post-Medieval buckle.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 26 September 2008.

Before 12 July 2012. Metal-detecting
Roman, medieval/post-medieval, post-medieval and undatable metal objects.
See list in file.
A. Rogerson (HES), 14 February 2013.

January 2012-July 2013. Metal-detecting. [9].
5 Roman coins.
Information from PAS import.
A. Beckham (HES), 12 March 2013.

March-October 2013. Metal-detecting. [10].
Undated lava quern stone.
5 Roman coins and 2 pottery sherds.
Information from PAS import.
A. Beckham (HES), 6 February 2014.

The Roman bronze decorated hammer, (S3), recovered during fieldwalking and metal-detecting in 1982 to 1985, Context 2 has been reidentified as post-medieval in date.
A. Rogerson (HES), 7 January 2014.

Monument Types

  • FINDSPOT (Unknown date)
  • FINDSPOT (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Mesolithic - 10000 BC? to 4001 BC?)
  • FINDSPOT (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • SETTLEMENT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Saxon - 410 AD to 1065 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds

  • BRICK (Unknown date)
  • INGOT (Unknown date)
  • METAL WORKING DEBRIS (Undated)
  • QUERN (Undated)
  • QUERN (Unknown date)
  • WEIGHT (Undated)
  • WEIGHT (Undated)
  • BLADE (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • DENTICULATE (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FLAKE (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • RETOUCHED FLAKE (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • SCRAPER (TOOL) (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • BLADE (Mesolithic - 10000 BC? to 4001 BC?)
  • FLAKE (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • THUMB NAIL SCRAPER (Late Neolithic to Early Bronze Age - 3000 BC to 1501 BC)
  • COIN (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • PIN (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • SHIELD (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • BELL (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BRACELET (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BRICK (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BROOCH (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BROOCH (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FURNITURE FITTING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • PALETTE (COSMETIC) (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • STEELYARD WEIGHT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • TWEEZERS (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • VESSEL (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • WEIGHT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 170 AD to 172 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 177 AD to 184 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 200 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 268 AD to 270 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 275 AD to 286 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 275 AD to 286 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 275 AD to 286 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 313 AD to 317 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 327 AD to 328 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 330 AD to 335 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 353 AD to 364 AD)
  • BELL (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • BRACELET (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • BROOCH (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • PENDANT (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • TWEEZERS (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • MOUNT (Early Saxon to Middle Saxon - 600 AD to 700 AD)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • BROOCH (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • HARNESS PENDANT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • PURSE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • RING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • SPINDLE WHORL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STUD (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • THIMBLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • VESSEL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • VESSEL (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • WEIGHT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BUTTON (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • CLAY PIPE (SMOKING) (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • CLOTH SEAL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • CROTAL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • HAMMER (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • JETTON (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • MUSKET BALL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • POT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • SPUR (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • SWORD (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • THIMBLE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Map: Finder's Map..
---Archive: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
---Secondary File: Secondary file.
---Photograph: EDT18-23 (hammer).
<S1>Photograph: NLA. Finds Photograph.
<S2>Unpublished Document: Day, P. G. 1985. The Archaeology of Bunwell.
<S3>Illustration: Hirst, N.. 1985. Drawing of a post-medieval bronze decorated hammer.. Paper. 1:1.
<S4>Unpublished Document: Webster, L. (BM). 1988. Letter regarding Carleton Rode armlet and copper alloy hammer.
<S5>Unpublished Document: Green, E.B. (NCM). 1988. Letter regarding Carleton Rode gold bracelet. 4 October.
<S6>Unpublished Document: 1988. Letter regarding Carleton Rode gold bracelet. 21 June.
<S7>Unpublished Document: 1988. Letter regarding Gold Armlet from Hargate. 23 August.
<S8>Photograph: I&RS. Finds Polaroid. Polaroid.
<S9>Unpublished Document: Robertson, D.A.. 2007. F.H. Easton Limited: COSMIC Risk Assessments.
<S10>Article in Serial: Youngs, S. M., Clark, J. and Barry, T. 1984. Medieval Britain and Ireland in 1983. Medieval Archaeology. Vol XXVIII pp 203-265. p233.
<S11>Illustration: Gregory, T.. 1988. Drawing of a Late Iron Age decorative boss.. Paper. 2:1.
<S12>Illustration: Gregory, T.. 1988. Drawing of a Late Iron Age pin.. Paper. 2:1.
<S13>Illustration: Unknown. 1988. Drawing of a Saxon gold bracelet.. Paper. 2:1.

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