Record Details

NHER Number:21137
Type of record:Monument
Name:Roman building, Early Saxon cemetery and multi-period finds

Summary

Fieldwalking and metal-detecting between 1985 and 2013 has recovered a large number of finds dating from the Palaeolithic to the post-medieval period. These include an Upper Palaeolithic flint scraper, an Iron Age brooch, a large number of Roman finds (including pottery fragments, brooches and coins), a large number of Early Saxon items (including pottery, brooches, a spearhead, wrist clasps and human remains), medieval coins, jettons, tokens and other metal objects and undatable copper alloy casting waste. The Roman remains suggest this was the site of a Roman building. In the Early Saxon period this was the site of a cremation and inhumation cemetery.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:Not displayed
Map Sheet:TL69SE
Parish:FELTWELL, WEST NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

5 February 1985. Fenland fieldwalking.
Good conditions, winter wheat in well weathered soil. On flattish chalk area just north of Fen Edge about 170 x 80m maximum.
Concentration Roman pottery, some bone and odd fragments tile. Also some post medieval rubbish associated with Whiteplot Farm. At western end pottery thins out by some potentially early Roman material here and perhaps flint gritted ?Iron Age as well. FWL 80.
R. J. Silvester (NAU), 6 February 1985.

For full details of wares, flint types, etc. see (S1).

16 March/24 April 1992. Metal-detecting.
Found at [1]:
1 ?Iron Age pottery sherd (decorated).
Roman pottery sherds.
1 Early Saxon wrist clasp.
4 undated metal objects including decorated object, buckle pin, buckle terminal and decorated plate.
See list in file. All objects now held by the Norwich Castle Museum (NWHCM : 1999.1.19.12.1)
P. Watkins (HES), 6 November 2013.

May 1992. Metal-detecting.
Five Roman coins (see list in file). One is NCM 1997.80.1 (barbarous radiate).
J. Davies (NCM), 18 May 1992.

19 May 1992. Fieldwalking.
Large Roman blue melon bead.
See (S2).
W. Milligan (NCM), 4 November 1992.

3 December 1993. Metal-detecting.
Found at [2]:
Roman pottery sherds including greywares, buff ware, shelly ware and samian ware. Now held by the Norwich Castle Museum (NWHCM : 1999.1.19.12.3)
2 Roman coins (barbarous radiate is NCM 1997.80.2). See list in file. Identified by J. Davies (NCM).
3 Roman brooches, including 2 rear hooks (about 40-60/65) and 1 continental plate brooch (2nd century) (NWHCM : 2000.200.2.16).
See (S2).
W. Milligan (NCM), 8 December 1993.

6 December 1993. Metal-detecting.
Roman pottery sherds including greywares, samian ware base and colour coated ware bowl rim (NWHCM : 1999.1.19.12.2).
2 Roman 3rd/4th century coins. See list in file. Identified by J. Davies (NCM).
1 Roman terret. Like that from Richborough according to Ralph Jackson British Museum (Prehistoric and Romano British Antiquities) (NWHCM : 2000.200.2.13).
1 Roman folding spoon bowl (NWHCM : 2000.200.2.15).
1 ?Roman or earlier ring.
1 Roman furniture or box knob (NWHCM : 2000.200.2.14).
1 undated bronze pellet.
W. Milligan (NCM), 8 December 1993.

January 1994 and before. Metal-detecting.
Found 6 January at [4]:
1 Roman glass vessel handle fragment. Held by NCM (NWHCM : 1999.1.19.12.6)

Found 6 January at [12]:
Roman tiles and flint boulders (not collected).

Found 7 January at [5]:
6 Roman pottery sherds including 2 samian, 1 'orange', 1 ?Nene Valley rouletted color coated. Held by NCM.
Found 7 January at [13]:
1 Iron Age toggle. See illustration. Purchased by NCM (NWHCM : 2000.200.2.21).
5 Roman coins. See list in file. Identified by J. Davies.
1 ?Roman lead weight.
Roman pottery sherds including greyware, samian, mortarium (?Nene Valley), small white ware flanged bowl.
Weight and pottery in NCM (NWHCM : 1999.1.19.26).

Found 14 January at [14]:
5 Roman coins. See list in file. Identified by J. Davies.
1 Roman brooch. Continental (2nd century) - hybrid? See full description in file. See polaroid. Purchased by NCM (NWHCM : 2000.200.2.22).
Roman pottery sherds - decorated greyware (NWHCM : 1999.1.19.27).

Found before 14 January at [6]:
2 Roman coins. See list in file. Identified by J. Davies.
2 ?Roman lead weights.
1 Early Saxon brooch fragment. Corner of ?head plate with crescentic stamps.
1 Early Saxon wrist clasp hook-plate (paired with eye-plate described below) (NWHCM : 2000.200.2.19). See illustration.
1 post-medieval finial, ?furniture fitting.
3 undated objects; 1 ?waste, 1 part melted object and 1 sheet.
All except coin held by NCM (NWHCM : 1999.1.19.12.4, unless specified otherwise).
P. Watkins (HES), 6 November 2013.

14 March 1994. Metal-detecting.
Found at [7]:
Roman pottery sherds including East Anglian rusticated and colour coated.
1 Roman lead steelyard weight.
1 post-medieval buckle.
All now held by NCM (NWHCM : 1999.1.19.12.7).

Found at [15]:
1 medieval coin (penny).
1 medieval skillet handle (NWHCM : 1999.1.19.31).
P. Watkins (HES), 6 November 2013.

20 April 1994. Metal-detecting.
Found at [8]:
8 Roman coins. See list in file. Identified by J. Davies.
1 Roman steelyard weight and 1 military stud.
3 Early Saxon metal objects; 1 brooch, 1 molten wrist clasp (part of a Hines class C1 eye plate) and 1 wrist clasp eye plate (paired with hook-plate described above) - see illustration (NWHCM : 2000.200.2.20).
2 medieval metal objects; 1 harness fitting and 1 buckle.
2 post-medieval metal objects; 1 button and 1 'knob'.
All objects apart from coins and wrist clasp eye plate donated to Norwich Castle Museum (NWHCM : 1999.1.19.12.8, unless specified otherwise)

Found at [17]:
1 Neolithic flint core/axe roughout (NWHCM : 1999.1.19.12.8).
1 medieval coin. See list in file.
P. Watkins (HES), 6 November 2013.

October 1994. Metal-detecting.
Found at [18]:
1 Roman headstud brooch (c. 75-125/150 AD) (NWHCM : 2000.200.2.23).
1 Roman coin. See list in file.
1 medieval coin. See list in file.
1 medieval ?casket mount. Lovely example, engraved with sacred monogram IHC. Identified by S. Margeson. See full description in file.
P. Watkins (HES), 6 November 2013.

25 October 1995. Metal-detecting.
Found at [9]:
1 Roman enamelled stud, possibly continental (2nd century). Seen by D. F. Mackreth 1996.
1 Middle Saxon tweezers (NWHCM : 2001.225.20).
2 medieval metal objects; 1 elaborate purse bar fragment and 1 stud (either harness fitting or (box) furniture fitting).
1 post-medieval lead harness fitting.
All objects now held by Norwich Castle Museum (NWHCM : 1999.1.19.12.9 unless specified otherwise).
P. Watkins (HES), 6 November 2013.

January/February 1996. Metal-detecting.
Found at [10]:
1 ?Upper Palaeolithic flint scraper. See drawing (S7).
1 undatable prehistoric flint hammerstone.
5 Roman coins, pottery sherds (including amphora handle, large shelly storage jar rim, bead and flange bowl rim and Samian) and 1 complete umbonate plate brooch with red and blue enamel. Seen by D. F. Mackreth.
1 Early Saxon brooch bow - ?small-long.
1 medieval jetton.
All except Roman brooch held by NCM (NWHCM : 1999.1.19.12.5).

Found at [11]:
1 Iron Age toggle. See drawing. Now held by NCM (NWHCM : 2001.225.7).

Found at [16]:
2 Roman lead steelyard weights.

Also:
1 Neolithic polished flint axe (butt only).

Flints identified by P. Robins (NCM) and coins by J. Davies (NCM), see list and descriptions in file.
W. Milligan (NCM), 25 October 1996. Amended by P. Watkins (HES)

Pre 1992-1998.
[1] reports also finding in addition to above, Early Saxon metalwork and Roman building material - possible site of Roman building. Details to come via NCM. Plans filed under NHER 21431.
E. Rose (NLA), 21 April 1997.

Further Iron Age, Roman, Early Saxon and medieval finds.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 10 February 2001.

Information on the above finds has been received from the NCM and some have been added to the lists above (up to and including those from February 1996). Subsequent finds still need to be added from the lists in the secondary file.
P. Watkins (HES), 6 November 2013.

1992 to 2000. Metal-detecting.
Area extended to include NHER 35257.
Iron Age and Roman sherds.
Iron Age, Roman, Early Saxon, medieval, post-medieval and undatable metal finds.
Roman coins.
Early Saxon finds suggest a cemetery, probably a mixed.
Upper Palaeolithic flint scraper.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 9 December 2000.

January to June 2001. Metal-detecting.
Iron Age sherds.
Roman sherds and metal work.
Plough disturbed Early Saxon cremations.
Medieval, post-medieval and undatable metal objects.
See lists and (S4) in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 22 June 2001.

October 2001 to March 2002. Metal-detecting.
Flint hammerstone.
Six Roman and one medieval coin.
Early Saxon urn fragments.
Roman quern.
Post-medieval metal object.
See list and (S4) in file. Also (S5).
A. Rogerson (NLA), 26 April 2002.

December 2002. Metal-detecting.
Four Roman coins.
Roman, Early Saxon and undatable metal objects.
Roman and Early Saxon sherds.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 17 February 2003.

March 2003. Metal-detecting.
Animal bones.
Iron Age and Roman sherds.
Roman tile.
Six Roman coins.
Roman, Early Saxon, medieval/post-medieval and undated metal objects.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 23 June 2003.

23 October 2003. Metal-detecting.
Roman brooch.
Medieval/post-medieval candleholder.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 26 March 2004.

February/March 2004. Metal-detecting.
Bronze Age awl.
Early Saxon, medieval and post-medieval metal objects.
See list and (S5) in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 6 October 2004.

November 2004. Metal-detecting.
Three Roman coins.
Roman, Early Saxon and undated metal objects.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 10 March 2005.

January to April 2005. Metal-detecting.
Two Roman brooches.
Two Early Saxon brooches.
?Early Saxon ring and undatable lead casting waste.
See list in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 17 June 2005.

May 2005. Metal-detecting.
One Roman coin and two Roman brooches.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 23 August 2005.

December 2005/January 2006. Metal-detecting.
Roman brooch and finger ring.
See list in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 25 February 2006.

5 October and 2 November 2006. Metal-detecting.
Roman coin.
Roman, Early Saxon, medieval and undatable metal objects.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 2 November 2006.

28 November 2006. Metal-detecting.
Two 1st century brooches.
See list in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 1 February 2007.

December 2006-March 2007. Metal-detecting.
Nine Roman coins.
Romano-British, Early Saxon, medieval and post-medieval objects.
See list in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 26 April 2007.

22 November 2007. Metal-detecting.
Romano-British, Early Saxon and undatable objects.
See list in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 5 February 2008.

2 January 2008. Metal-detecting.
Romano-British, Early Saxon, Late Saxon, medieval and undatable metal objects.
See list in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 25 March 2008.

March-May 2008. Metal-detecting.
Romano-British, Early Saxon, post-medieval and undatable metal objects, Romano-British and Early Saxon sherds.
See sheets 33 and 34 in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 2 July 2008.

23 October 2008. Metal-detecting.
Iron age/Roman brooch and mount.
See list in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 6 January 2009.

12 March 2009. Metal-detecting.
Four Roman coins and two Roman brooches.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 7 September 2009.

2009. Metal-detecting.
Seven Roman coins; Early Saxon, medieval and undatable metal objects.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 8 March 2010.

February-March 2010. Metal-detecting.
Three Roman coins, Early Saxon wrist clasp and undatable molten copper alloy droplets.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 9 July 2010.

21 September and 18 October 2010. Metal-detecting.
Romano-British finger ring and brooch, Early Saxon wrist clasp and cruciform brooch.
See list in file.
A. Rogerson (HES), 9 December 2010.

19 November 2010. Metal-detecting.
Medieval buckle frame.
See description in file.
A. Rogerson (HES), 16 May 2011.

October-December 2011. Metal-detecting.
Four Roman and one medieval coin, Middle Iron Age, Roman, Early Saxon, medieval and medieval/post-medieval metal objects.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (HES), 19 September 2012.

October 2013. Metal-detecting. [19].
1 Roman pottery sherd and a finger-ring.
Early Saxon bow brooch.
Information from PAS import.
A. Beckham (HES), 11 November 2013.

Monument Types

  • FINDSPOT (Unknown date)
  • INHUMATION (Undated)
  • FINDSPOT (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Upper Palaeolithic - 40000 BC to 10001 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Early Iron Age to Roman - 800 BC to 409 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • BUILDING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • CREMATION (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • CREMATION CEMETERY (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • INHUMATION CEMETERY (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds

  • ANIMAL REMAINS (Unknown date)
  • ANIMAL REMAINS (Unknown date)
  • BUCKLE (Undated)
  • CASTING WASTE (Unknown date)
  • CASTING WASTE (Unknown date)
  • METAL WORKING DEBRIS (Undated)
  • RING (Unknown date)
  • SPINDLE WHORL (Undated)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Unknown date)
  • VESSEL (Unknown date)
  • VESSEL (Unknown date)
  • WEIGHT (Undated)
  • HAMMERSTONE (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • SCRAPER (TOOL) (Upper Palaeolithic - 40000 BC to 10001 BC)
  • POLISHED AXEHEAD (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • AWL (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • BROOCH (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • MOUNT (Early Iron Age to Roman - 800 BC to 409 AD)
  • POT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • TOGGLE (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • TOGGLE (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • BROOCH (Middle Iron Age - 400 BC to 101 BC)
  • ARCHITECTURAL FRAGMENT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BEAD (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BOX (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BRACELET (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BROOCH (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BROOCH (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • DOLPHIN BROOCH (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FERRULE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINGER RING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINGER RING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FLUE TILE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FURNITURE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FURNITURE FITTING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FURNITURE FITTING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • HAIR PIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • HARNESS (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • HARNESS MOUNT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • KEY (LOCKING) (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • MIRROR (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • NAIL (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • PLATE BROOCH (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • QUERN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • RING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • SPOON (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • STEELYARD WEIGHT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • STEELYARD WEIGHT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • STUD (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • STYLUS (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • TILE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • VESSEL (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • VESSEL (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • WEIGHT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 100 AD to 125 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 164 AD to 169 AD)
  • FINGER RING (Roman - 200 AD to 400 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 235 AD to 235 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 275 AD to 280 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 275 AD to 280 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 275 AD to 284 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 307 AD to 308 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 317 AD to 317 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 320 AD to 321 AD)
  • BEAD (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • BROOCH (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • BROOCH (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • BUCKET (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • COMB (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • CRUCIFORM BROOCH (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • HUMAN REMAINS (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • MOUNT (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • POT (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • RING (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • SLEEVE CLASP (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • SPEAR (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • BROOCH (Early Saxon - 500 AD to 530 AD)
  • TWEEZERS (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • BROOCH (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • BELL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • CANDLE HOLDER (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • CAULDRON (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • COLANDER (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINGER RING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FURNITURE FITTING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • HARNESS FITTING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • JETTON (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • JETTON (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • LACE TAG (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • PURSE (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • SEAL MATRIX (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • SKILLET (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • VESSEL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • WEIGHT (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1434 AD to 1438 AD)
  • BELL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BUTTON (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • CAULDRON (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • FINGER RING (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • FURNITURE FITTING (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • HARNESS FITTING (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • SWORD BELT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • VESSEL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • VESSEL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • WEIGHT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Fieldwork: Fenland Survey. FWL 80. FENS.
---Photograph: NLA. Finds Photograph.
---Photograph: I & RS. Digital finds image.
---Archive: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
---Illustration: White, S.. 1999. Drawing of an Early Saxon wrist clasp hook plate.. Film. 2:1.
---Illustration: White, S.. 2003. Drawing of an Early Saxon incomplete wrist clasp hook plate.. Film. 2:1.
---Illustration: Ashley, S.. 2004. Drawing of a Bronze Age awl. Film. 1:1.
---Illustration: Ashley, S.. 1999. Drawing of an Early Saxon iron incomplete spear head.. Film. 1:1.
---Photograph: 2003. KTQ 1, Two Early Saxon burnt brooch fragments..
---Photograph: 2003. KTT 25, Early Saxon wrist clasp..
---Secondary File: Secondary file.
<S1>Archive: Fenland Folders.
<S2>Photograph: I&RS. Finds Polaroid. Polaroid.
<S3>Illustration: Finds Illustrations.
<S4>Map: Finder's Map..
<S5>Unpublished Document: Forkes, D.. 2001. Conservation Laboratory, Norfolk Museums Service. Feltwell Gold Plated Wrist Clasp Report and X-ray.
<S6>Unpublished Document: Wollestone, C. D. G.. 2004. Annotated Air Photograph. April.
<S7>Illustration: Robins, P. 1996. Drawing of an Upper Palaeolithic flint scraper from Feltwell. Paper. 1:1.

Related records - none

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