Record Details

NHER Number:21106
Type of record:Monument
Name:Roman buildings and multi-period finds

Summary

Metal-detecting and fieldwalking between 1984 and 2009 has recovered a large number of Roman finds from this site. This includes coins, pottery, building material, brooches and other metal objects. The number of items found indicates this was an area of settlement within the Roman town of Walsingham and Wighton (NHER 40825). Most evidence for activity dates to the late 2nd to 4th century AD. The high proportion of imported pottery fragments indicates this may have been a site of some importance. A range of other finds dating from the prehistoric to post medieval period have also been found including prehistoric worked flints such as Mesolithic/Early Neolithic blades and flakes; prehistoric, Iron Age, Middle Saxon, medieval and post-medieval pottery sherds; medieval and post-medieval coins plus post-medieval tokens; Iron Age, Early Saxon, medieval and post-medieval brooches and dress accessories; Middle Saxon pins and medieval/post-medieval copper alloy vessel fragments.



.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:Not displayed
Map Sheet:TF93NW
Parish:WALSINGHAM, NORTH NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

December 1984. Intense scatter over field, found with metal detector and fieldwalking. Context 1.
General scatter of Roman metal finds. See list in file.
Five Roman coins. See coin list in file.
Late Saxon Winchester style box mount. See (S1).

Context 2 to context 112.
Roman coins from Vespasian to AD 383. See coin list and (S2).

Context 113.
Roman brooch. See (S1).

Context 114.
Roman handle for knife or razor in form of a dolphin. See (S3).

Context 115. In main concentration of coins.
Concentration of Roman pottery and building material. See description in file.

Context 116. In southwest part of the site. Covers similar area to context 115.
Concentration of Roman building material and pottery. See description as file.

Context 117. At south edge of site.
Concentration of Roman building material and pottery. See description in file.

Context 118. Strip running north to south.
Concentration of Roman pottery.
T. Gregory (NAU), 6 February 1985.

February to March 1985. Metal-detecting. Context 119.
Roman metal finds. See list in file.
See (S1).

Context 120 to context 215.
Roman coins. See coin list in file.
See (S2).
T. Gregory (NAU), 20 August 1985.

Context 216 to context 219. Sub divisions of field.
Roman coins. See coin lists in file.
See (S2).

Context 220.
Roman brooch.
See (S2).

Context 221. General finds from whole field.
Eight Roman coins. See coin list in file.
Roman pottery and metal finds. See list in file.
Medieval and post-medieval metal finds. See list in file.

Winter 1989 to 1990. Metal-detecting. Context 222. General.
Forty seven Roman coins. See coin list in file.

Context 223 to context 225.
Roman brooches. See (S1).

Context 226.
Medieval coin. See list in file.
See (S2).
A. Rogerson (NAU), 12 September 1990.

1990 to 1991. Metal-detecting. Context 227. General finds.
111 Roman coins. See coin list in file.
Roman pottery. See description in file.
Roman and medieval metal finds. See list in file.
Finds include:
Roman mount fragment. See (S1).

Context 228.
Roman brooch. See (S1).

Context 229.
Roman brooch. See (S1).

Context 230.
Roman or post-medieval copper alloy terminal in form of urn. See (S1).
See (S2).
A. Rogerson (NLA), 30 August 1991.

1994 to 1996. Metal-detecting. Contexts 231. Generally located finds.
Prehistoric flint scraper.
Roman sherds. See list in file.
Roman, Early Saxon, Middle Saxon, medieval, post-medieval and undatable metal objects. See lists in file.
Finds include:
Decorative vandyke from Early Saxon bucket. See (S1).
See (S2) and (S5).

Context 232.
Roman brooch. See (S6).

Context 233.
Roman brooch. See (S6).

Context 234.
Roman brooch. See (S6).

Context 235.
Roman brooch. See (S6).

Context 236.
Roman brooch.

Context 238.
Medieval brooch. See (S5).
Identified by H. Geake (NCM).

Context 239.
Roman brooch.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 22 November 2002.

November 1996. Fieldwalking.
Scatter of Roman pottery, one tile, one bone, two glazed red earthenware.
See list in file.
D. Gurney (NLA), November 1996.

January 1998. Fieldwalking.
Two scatters of bone, oyster shells and Roman pottery.
Good evidence of settlement, most probably of later 2nd to 4th century AD date. An unusually high proportion of Samian and traded wares, perhaps indicating a site of some importance/status.
See list in file.
D. Gurney (NLA), 28 January 1998.

January/February 2002. Metal-detecting.
1 ?Iron Age pottery sherd.
15 Roman pottery sherds (including greyware, samian, Nene Valley, East Anglian, oxidised and amphorae), 1 remarkable enamelled champlevé (see (S1), (S3) and (S4)), 5 roof tiles (2 imbrices and 3 tegulae), 3 flue tiles, 9 tile fragments, 3 large lumps of mortar (including one with a smoothed face), 2 lumps of opus signinum and 4 large flints with adhering mortar.
Identified by A. Rogerson (HES). See list and descriptions in file and (S2) for further details.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 12 March 2002. Updated by J Page (HES), 4 February 2014.

2002-2003. Metal-detecting.
Finds generally located in field (Context 240).
1 Mesolithic flint blade.
1 undatable prehistoric flint blade.
67 Roman coins, 6 pottery sherds (1 greyware and 4 samian), 3 brooches, 2 hairpins, 2 copper alloy bracelet fragments and 1 copper alloy nail.
1 medieval horse harness pendant and 1 box/casket strap mount.
1 ?medieval lace chape.
1 post-medieval buckle, 1 sword chape, 1 crotal bell, 1 copper alloy nesting cup weight and 1 lead cloth seal.
2 undatable lead weights.
Flints identified by P. Robins (NCM), coins by A. Marsden (NLA) and other objects by A. Rogerson (NLA). See list and descriptions in file and (S7).
A. Rogerson (NLA), 17 March 2005. Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 5 July 2014.

Summer 2005. Casual finds by roadside.
Eleven Roman and one medieval sherds.
See list in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 30 September 2005.

Surface finds 20 May 2007.
Romano-British sherds.
See list in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 7 March 2008.

Fieldwalking at north end of field before 10 April 2008.
Prehistoric flint flakes, many Romano-British sherds, one Middle Saxon and four Medieval sherds.
See list in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 22 April 2008.

2004-2007. Metal-detecting.
Finds generally located in field (Context 241).
7 Mesolithic/Early Neolithic flint blades and 1 flint flake.
1 Late Prehistoric flint flake.
125 Roman coins, 9 pottery sherds (1 greyware, 1 oxidised, 1 mortarium and 6 samian), 1 tile, 1 wall plaster fragment, 3 brooches, 3 finger rings (1 with colourless glass cabochon and 1 with damaged blue glass intaglio), 1 furniture stud, 1 ?harness pendant and 1 unidentified copper alloy object.
2 Early Saxon cruciform brooch side knobs and 1 buckle.
3 medieval coins, 4 buckles, 1 strap end, 1 belt mount, 1 horse harness pendant, 1 lead ampulla and 2 lead spindle whorls.
3 medieval/post-medieval copper alloy vessel fragments.
1 post-medieval coin, 1 pottery sherd (Glazed Red Earthenware), 1 malting kiln flue tile, 2 tokens, 2 buckles, 2 crotal bells and 1 lead weight.
Flints identified by P. Robins (NCM), numismatic items by A. Marsden (NLA) and other objects by A. Rogerson (NLA). See list and descriptions in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 17 May 2010. Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 5 July 2014.

Before 30 March 2009. Metal-detecting.
67 Roman coins, Romano-British pottery sherds, Early Saxon wrist clasp, medieval, medieval/post-medieval and post-medieval metal objects.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (HES), 27 June 2012.

January 2011-May 2013. Metal-detecting. [1].
Finds recorded on the PAS database:
Roman brooch (S8).
Finds identified by HES but not recorded on the PAS database:
31 Roman copper alloy coins.
1 post-medieval copper alloy coin.
A. Beckham (HES) and A. Rogerson (HES), 10 July 2013.

Monument Types

  • FINDSPOT (Unknown date)
  • FINDSPOT (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Early Mesolithic to Early Neolithic - 10000 BC to 3001 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Mesolithic - 10000 BC to 4001 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Prehistoric - 4000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • ARTEFACT SCATTER (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BUILDING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • SETTLEMENT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds

  • ANIMAL REMAINS (Undated)
  • INGOT (Unknown date)
  • METAL WORKING DEBRIS (Unknown date)
  • MOLLUSCA REMAINS (Undated)
  • SPINDLE WHORL (Undated)
  • WEIGHT (Undated)
  • BLADE (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FLAKE (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • BLADE (Early Mesolithic to Early Neolithic - 10000 BC to 3001 BC)
  • BLADE (Mesolithic - 10000 BC to 4001 BC)
  • FLAKE (Early Mesolithic to Early Neolithic - 10000 BC to 3001 BC)
  • POT (Late Prehistoric - 4000 BC to 42 AD)
  • BROOCH (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • POT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • ARCHITECTURAL FRAGMENT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BOWL (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BRACELET (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BROOCH (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COSMETIC SPOON (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • DRESS COMPONENT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINGER RING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FLUE TILE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FURNITURE FITTING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • HAIR PIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • HARNESS (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • HARNESS FITTING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • HARNESS PENDANT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • KEY (LOCKING) (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • KNIFE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • LOCK (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • LOCKING MECHANISM (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • MIRROR (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • NAIL (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • PENDANT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • PIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • PLUMB BOB (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • RAZOR (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • ROOF TILE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • SPOON (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • STEELYARD WEIGHT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • STEELYARD WEIGHT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • TILE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • TOILET ARTICLE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • VESSEL (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • WALL PLASTER (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BROOCH (Roman - 100 AD to 150 AD)
  • BROOCH (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • BUCKET (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • SLEEVE CLASP (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • TWEEZERS (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • PIN (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • POT (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • BOX (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • KNIFE (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • BOX (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BROOCH (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BULL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • CAME (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FERRULE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FURNITURE FITTING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • HARNESS PENDANT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • KNIFE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • LACE TAG (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • RING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • RIVET (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • SPINDLE WHORL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STRAP END (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • THIMBLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • VESSEL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • VESSEL (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • WEIGHT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • WINDOW GLASS (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BROOCH (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BUTTON (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • CLOTH SEAL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • CROTAL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • FINGER RING (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • FLUE TILE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • POT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • PURSE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • RING (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • SCABBARD (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • THIMBLE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • TOKEN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • WEIGHT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • WEIGHT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Protected Status

  • SHINE

Sources and further reading

---Map: Finder's Map..
---Archive: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
---Unpublished Document: Mackreth, D. F.. 1991. Walsingham/Wighton brooches. Additional data refinement of classification and dating..
---Unpublished Document: Gurney, D.. 1992. Concordance. Brooch report and site context numbers.. 7 February.
---Unpublished Document: Gregory, T.. 1985. Great Walsingham/Wighton ?Roman Town?. 6 February.
---Map: Gregory, T.. Annotated Roman Norfolk Map with names of major Roman towns..
---Photograph: JJC 9, Early/Middle Saxon buckle/decorated object..
---Illustration: Unknown. 1984. Drawing of a Romano British handle for knife or razor. Film. 2:1.
---Illustration: White, S.. 2002. Drawing of an enamelled Romano British vessel handle.. Film. 2:1.
---Photograph: 2002. KTE 31-32, Romano British enameled handle/mount..
---Photograph: 1990. LCC, 1-6, Romano British brooches..
---Secondary File: Secondary file.
---Article in Serial: Gurney, D. (ed.). 2006. Archaeological Finds in Norfolk in 2005. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XLV Pt I pp 112-123. p 113.
---Photograph: CSE10-17,CVC1-14,CUS35-6,CSE25-32, EWC10,23-30, FNS4-6, FNT7-9. Partial Photo Record of finds from NHER 21106..
<S1>Photograph: NLA. Finds Photograph.
<S4>Unpublished Document: Jackson, R.. 2002. Email. Roman enamelled handle.. 5 March.
<S5>Photograph: I&RS. Finds Polaroid. Polaroid.
<S6>Unpublished Document: Mackreth, D. F. 1991. Walsingham-Wighton. The Brooches from the Surface Collection.
<S7>Photograph: I & RS. Digital finds image.
<S8>Illustration: Gibbons, J. 2014. Drawing of a Roman copper alloy enamelled Aesica brooch.. Film. 2:1.

Related records

42850Parent of: Great Walsingham and Wighton Roman town (Monument)

Find out more...

Norfolk County Council logo Heritage Lottery Fund logo

Powered by HBSMR-web and the HBSMR Gateway from exeGesIS SDM Ltd, and mojoPortal CMS
© 2007 - 2019 Norfolk Historic Environment Service