Record Details

NHER Number:20877
Type of record:Monument
Name:World War Two spigot mortar base


A World War Two concrete and steel base for a spigot mortar, an anti tank weapon. Dating to about 1940, this was part of the anti invasion installations constructed at the time. This particular base has eroded on the top to reveal the steel framework inside.

Images - none


Grid Reference:TF 8502 4491
Map Sheet:TF84SE

Full description

October 1984. In angle of sea bank.
World War Two mortar spigot. Top of concrete eroded to reveal iron frame.
E. Rose (NAU), 25 October 1984

See (S1), which adds:
Common, 1940 spigot mortar base gun emplacement.
Survey No. C2-5.
D.Walker (NLA) July 1996.

2000. Field Observation and Desk-based Assessment.
Site visited and considered as part of archaeological assessment of Holkham Estate.
Good condition. Attached to sea bank. Managed by the Environment Agency.
See report (S2) for further details.
P. Watkins (HES), 28 April 2015.

May-November 2004. Norfolk Rapid Coastal Zone Archaeological Survey.
Inter-tidal survey (Environmental Zone 8), Context 1022:
A Second World War spigot mortar situated at the base of the modern sea bank at TF 85023 44908. Probably in-situ.
See assessment report (S3) for further details.
The associated archive has been deposited with the Norwich Castle Museum (NWHCM : 2017.421).
J. Allen (NLA), 18 April 2005. Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 21 July 2019.

Monument Types

  • SPIGOT MORTAR EMPLACEMENT (World War Two - 1939 AD to 1945 AD)

Associated Finds - none

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Record Card: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
---Secondary File: Secondary File.
<S1>Recording Form: [various]. Norfolk Defensive Structures Survey Recording Form. Norfolk Defensive Structures Survey.
<S2>Unpublished Contractor Report: Penn, K. 2000. The Holkham Estate, Wells-next-the-Sea, Norfolk. Archaeological Survey (Final Report). Norfolk Archaeological Unit. 532.
<S3>Unpublished Contractor Report: Robertson, D., Crawley, P., Barker, A., and Whitmore, S. 2005. Norfolk Rapid Coastal Zone Archaeological Survey. Assessment Report and Updated Project Design. Norfolk Archaeological Unit. 1045.

Related records - none

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