Record Details

NHER Number:20130
Type of record:Monument
Name:Site of Iron Age settlement and Roman camp

Summary

This is the site of an Iron Age settlement and a Roman marching camp, visible as cropmarks on aerial photographs. Pottery fragments dating from the late prehistoric to the post medieval period, as well as prehistoric flints, Roman coins and building material and medieval roof tile have been found by fieldwalking and metal detecting.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TF 72 03
Map Sheet:TF70SW
Parish:BARTON BENDISH, WEST NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

10 November 1983. Context 1. Very poor conditions. Found within 5m of each other. Site 109.
1 sherd Roman with ?roulette decoration greyware.
2 sherds probably Roman greyware.
Identified A. Rogerson (NAU) February 1984.

November 1983. Context 2, formerly numbered NHER 20133, BB 107.
1 flint tool.
A. Rogerson (NAU) February 1984.

February 1983. Context 3, formerly numbered NHER 11975 Context 4, BB 6.
Continuation of NHER 11975 Context 3 across track;
Predominance of 2nd to 4th century pottery including 3rd century bead and flanged bowl, and 1 coarse East Anglian colour coated.
A. Rogerson (NAU) 1983.

February 1987. Fieldwalking over whole field including above, sites BB 451 to 521, Contexts 4 to 74.
Roman sherds including shelly ware, mortaria, amphorae, flagon, samian, Nene Valley, oxydised, and colour coated; Roman imbrices and tegulae; lava quern.
Roman glass.
Barbarous radiate 270 to 280s, identified by A. Gregory (NAU)
Copper alloy Roman bucket handle, metal detecting find.
Prehistoric sherds and flints.
Bronze Age sherd.
Iron Age sherds including concentration with bone.
Beaker sherd.
Late Saxon Thetford type ware.
Medieval sherds including Grimston, Late medieval/early post medieval, roof tile, proto Santoinge stoneware.
Post medieval sherds including bellarmine.
Undated sherds.
See lists in file.
Plot filed under NHER 23911.

1 July 1976. Photos seen NLA March 1996.
Context 74, north end field.
Cropmarks of rectangular enclosure, continuing into site NHER 23916, and several subrectangular markings to south. Interpreted as Roman marching camp and possible Iron Age settlement.
Copy of photograph and plot in file.
D. Voisey (NAU), D. Edwards and E. Rose (NLA) 6 March and 13 November 1996.

22 July 1996. NLA air photography.
Previously recorded cropmarks visible, though faint.
In addition to these, cropmarks of at least one linear feature can also be seen.
H. Clare (NLA), 4 January 2002.

Monument Types

  • LINEAR FEATURE (Unknown date)
  • SETTLEMENT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • SITE (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • RECTANGULAR ENCLOSURE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • SETTLEMENT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • SITE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • TEMPORARY CAMP (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)

Associated Finds

  • POT (Undated)
  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Lower Palaeolithic to Late Iron Age - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • KNIFE (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • POT (Late Prehistoric - 4000 BC to 42 AD)
  • POT (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • POT (Beaker - 2300 BC to 1700 BC)
  • ANIMAL REMAINS (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • POT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • BUCKET (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FLAGON (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • QUERN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • ROOF TILE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • VESSEL (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • ROOF TILE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Protected Status

  • SHINE

Sources and further reading

---Aerial Photograph: Ordnance Survey. OS 76-125-453.
---*Fieldwork: Barton Bendish Survey. 107. BB.
---*Fieldwork: Barton Bendish Survey. 109. BB.
---*Fieldwork: Barton Bendish Survey. 451. BB.
---*Fieldwork: Barton Bendish Survey. 452. BB.
---*Fieldwork: Barton Bendish Survey. 453. BB.
---*Fieldwork: Barton Bendish Survey. 454. BB.
---*Fieldwork: Barton Bendish Survey. 455. BB.
---*Fieldwork: Barton Bendish Survey. 456. BB.
---*Fieldwork: Barton Bendish Survey. 457. BB.
---*Fieldwork: Barton Bendish Survey. 458. BB.
---*Fieldwork: Barton Bendish Survey. 459. BB.
---*Fieldwork: Barton Bendish Survey. 460. BB.
---*Fieldwork: Barton Bendish Survey. 461. BB.
---*Fieldwork: Barton Bendish Survey. 462. BB.
---*Fieldwork: Barton Bendish Survey. 463. BB.
---*Fieldwork: Barton Bendish Survey. 464. BB.
---*Fieldwork: Barton Bendish Survey. 465. BB.
---*Fieldwork: Barton Bendish Survey. 466. BB.
---*Fieldwork: Barton Bendish Survey. 518. BB.
---*Fieldwork: Barton Bendish Survey. 6. BB.
---Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.A. (NLA). 1996. TF 7103A - B; TF 7104D - J; TF 7204A - B, G - H; TF 7203D - K.
---Record Card: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
---Secondary File: Secondary File.
---Photograph: EDM 11-2 (bucket handle).

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