Record Details

NHER Number:18849
Type of record:Monument
Name:Site of Roman settlement and multi-period finds

Summary

Fieldwalking and metal-detecting between 1983 and 2014 recovered Roman and medieval pottery sherds; Roman building material, including tile, window glass, tesserae and nails; Iron Age, Roman and medieval coins; a post-medieval token and undated, Bronze Age to Early Saxon and medieval to post-medieval metal objects. The metal finds include undated casting waste, a ring and vessel fragments; a Bronze Age rapier blade fragment; a Middle/Late Bronze Age spearhead; Late Bronze Age socketed axehead and sword; a Late Bronze Age/Early Iron Age awl; an Iron Age brooch; an Iron Age/Roman brooch, torc and unidentified object; a Late Iron Age/Roman brooch; Roman brooches, beads, dress accessories, harness fittings, a hair pin, bell, furniture fitting, mirror, weight, a very unusual harness pendant suspension mount and a rare miniature stand or stool, probably for ceremonial use; an Early Saxon brooch and spangle; medieval to post-medieval dress accessories; a medieval finger ring, pot mend, harness hook and furniture fitting; a medieval/post-medieval weight and scabbard chape and a post-medieval cloth seal, weight and tap.
The large quantity of Roman pottery, Roman coins, building material and metalwork recovered suggests that this was the site of a Roman settlement.

Images

  • Early Saxon spangle from NHER 18849  © Norfolk County Council
  • Middle Bronze Age/Late Bronze Age spear from NHER 18849  © Norfolk County Council
  • Romano-British knife from NHER18849  © Norfolk County Council
  • Romano-British harness mount from NHER 18849  © Norfolk County Council
  • Romano-British harness mount from NHER18849  © Norfolk County Council
  • Romano-British bead from NHER18849  © Norfolk County Council
  • Romano-British aesiac brooch from NHER 18849  © Norfolk County Council
  • Romano-British brooch from NHER 18849  © Norfolk County Council
  • Late Bronze Age awl from NHER 18849  © Norfolk County Council
  • Iron Age/Romano-British unidentified object from NHER 18849  © Norfolk County Council
  • Romano-British vessel from NHER 18849  © Norfolk County Council
  • Late Bronze Age rapier from NHER 18849  © Norfolk County Council
  • Romano-British brooch from NHER 18849  © Norfolk County Council
  • Romano-British mount from NHER 18849  © Norfolk County Council

Location

Grid Reference:Not displayed
Map Sheet:TF70SW
Parish:BARTON BENDISH, WEST NORFOLK, NORFOLK
FINCHAM, WEST NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

3 February 1983. [2].
BB 15. See Notes.
Poor fieldwalking conditions.
Large concentration of Roman pottery and building material.
3rd to 4th century Nar Valley ware.
Nene Valley mortaria.
Late 2nd century Samian.
Large cup mouthed flagon late 2nd century.
Includes many big sherds.
Identified A. Gregory (NAU).
A. Rogerson (NAU), February 1983.

18 October 1985.
BB 264. Additional fieldwalking over main area. Context 1. Not a proper collection.
Produced 1 sherd Spanish globular amphora.
1 large sherd East Anglian mortarium.
Harvested rape well weathered between lines of dead stalk piles.
Extension to northeast of area, Context 2.
1 E. Anglian colour coated base.
3 2nd century Central Gaulish Samian.
1 sherd 'Icenian' carinated biconical jar, mid to late 1st century.
2 sherds East Anglian Mortarium.
146 coarseware, predominately 3rd century including Nar valley ware, Iceni rusticated and very much coarse local ware, but little standard grey.
Roman tile not collected.
1 medieval bowl rim glazed.
Identified A. Rogerson (NAU), 25 Oct 1985.

February 1987. Found with metal-detecting, not individually plotted. [3].
Fragment Roman copper alloy jug handle.
Roman brooches and coins, see full list in file.
Identified A. Gregory (NAU).
A. Rogerson (NAU), August 1987.

January to February 1989. Metal-detecting. [3].
16 more coins.
List in file.
Copper alloy fragments of terminal of patera handle, enamelled.
Foot of copper alloy figurine, possibly Roman?
Fragment openwork buckle, late Roman.
Plot in file.
Identified D. Gurney (NAU).
A. Rogerson (NAU), 15 February 1989.

January to February 1989. Fieldwalking.
1 rim and 3 base Roman coarseware.
1 tegula fragment and 1 fragment of Roman tile.
A. Rogerson (NAU), February 1990.

September to October 1990. Further metal-detecting finds.
Medieval metalwork, including brooches, rings, etc.
See notes in file.
A. Rogerson (NAU), 25 October 1990.

September 1998. Metal-detecting finds. 3 areas. See sketch plan. [4].
Roman coins, brooches and metal finds, including a Roman bell, (S1).
Possible Early Saxon brooch fragment.
Post medieval and undated metal finds.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 30 October 1998.

November 1998. Metal-detecting.
A rare Roman miniature stand or stool, decorated with enamel and probably intended for ceremonial use, although the find on its own does not necessarily indicate a temple site.
D. Gurney (NLA), 30 November 1998.

August 2003. Metal-detecting.
Three joining fragments of Late Bronze Age sword blade, (S2), found on two sides of stream, probably in material spread out during dredging.
See description in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 8 March 2004.

October and November 2003. Metal-detecting.
6 Roman coins.
4 Roman metal objects.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 5 December 2003.

Before 21 September 2004. Metal-detecting in area of Roman site 11 in Barton Bendish.
49 Roman and 2 medieval coins.
Iron Age, Roman, medieval and post-medieval metal objects.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 17 November 2004.

Roman settlement continues into [1].

Before 4 November 2005. Metal-detecting.
Eleven Roman coins, Roman brooch and medieval finger ring.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 23 June 2006.

Before 20 December 2006. Metal-detecting.
1 Iron Age, 63 Roman and 1 medieval or post-medieval coins.
Roman, medieval, post-medieval and undatable metal objects.
Roman pottery sherds, window glass and a single tessera.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 16 February 2007.

Before October and November 2009. Metal-detecting.
250 Roman coins; Middle Bronze Age/Late Bronze Age (S3), Late Bronze Age, Iron Age/Roman (S4) and Roman metal objects.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 16 May 2010.

July-September 2013. Metal-detecting. [5].
Undated casting waste.
Late Bronze Age/Early Iron Age awl (S5).
Iron Age or Roman unidentified object.
Late Iron Age/Roman brooch.
36 Roman coins, brooches, a stud and an unidentified copper alloy object.
1 medieval coin.
Medieval/post-medieval button.
Information from PAS import.
A. Beckham (HES), 11 November 2013.

September-October 2014. Metal-detecting. Site extended 50m to the north-west. [6].
Bronze Age rapier blade fragment (S6).
1 Iron Age coin.
5 Roman pottery sherds, brooches, a mount, hair pin and repair patch, probably from a copper alloy patera or skillet.
1 medieval coin, a pot mend, harness hook and a bar mount.
Medieval/post-medieval scabbard chape.
1 post-medieval token and a tap, including part of the spout.
Information from PAS import.
A. Beckham (HES), 3 December 2014.

October-November 2014. Metal-detecting. Site extended 65m to the north-west. [7].
1 Roman pottery sherd, 3 ceramic tesserae, brooches, bracelet fragments, a steelyard weight, mirror fragment, lead bead and a very unusual harness pendant suspension mount (S7).
Information from PAS import.
A. Beckham (HES), 8 January 2015.

Monument Types

  • FINDSPOT (Unknown date)
  • FINDSPOT (Middle Bronze Age to Late Bronze Age - 1600 BC to 701 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Bronze Age - 1000 BC to 701 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Bronze Age to Early Iron Age - 1000 BC to 401 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Early Iron Age to Roman - 800 BC to 409 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Early Iron Age to Roman - 800 BC to 409 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • SETTLEMENT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Early Saxon - 410 AD to 650 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval to 19th Century - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds

  • BEAD (Undated)
  • CASTING WASTE (Unknown date)
  • METAL WORKING DEBRIS (Undated)
  • RING (Unknown date)
  • STRAP FITTING (Undated)
  • VESSEL (Undated)
  • RAPIER (Middle Bronze Age - 1600 BC to 1001 BC)
  • SPEARHEAD (Middle Bronze Age to Late Bronze Age - 1600 BC to 701 BC)
  • AWL (Late Bronze Age - 1000 BC to 701 BC)
  • SOCKETED AXEHEAD (Late Bronze Age - 1000 BC to 701 BC)
  • SWORD (Late Bronze Age - 1000 BC to 701 BC)
  • BROOCH (Early Iron Age to Roman - 800 BC to 409 AD)
  • BROOCH (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • COIN (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • TORC (Early Iron Age to Roman - 800 BC to 409 AD)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Late Iron Age to Roman - 99 BC to 100 AD)
  • COIN (Late Iron Age - 10 BC to 42 AD)
  • BROOCH (Late Iron Age to Roman - 20 AD to 75 AD)
  • BEAD (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BEAD (Roman - 43 AD to 80 AD)
  • BELL (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BRACELET (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BROOCH (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BROOCH (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BROOCH (Roman - 43 AD to 65 AD)
  • BROOCH (Roman - 43 AD to 75 AD)
  • BROOCH (Roman - 43 AD to 80 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BUTTON (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • CEREMONIAL OBJECT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COSMETIC SPOON (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • DRESS COMPONENT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FIGURINE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINGER RING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FURNITURE FITTING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • HARNESS FITTING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • HARNESS MOUNT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • HARNESS MOUNT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • KEY (LOCKING) (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • KNIFE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • LETTER (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • LOCKING MECHANISM (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • MIRROR (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • MIRROR (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • MOUNT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • NAIL (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • NAIL CLEANER (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • PIN (Roman - 43 AD to 75 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 100 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT MEND (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • ROOF TILE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • SIEVE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • STRAINER (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • STUD (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • STUD (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • TESSERA (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • TESSERA (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • TILE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • TOILET ARTICLE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • TWEEZERS (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • VESSEL (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • VESSEL (Roman - 43 AD to 75 AD)
  • WEIGHT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • WINDOW GLASS (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BROOCH (Roman - 60 AD to 85 AD)
  • BROOCH (Roman - 60 AD to 85 AD)
  • BROOCH (Roman - 100 AD to 200 AD)
  • BRACELET (Roman - 250 AD to 409 AD)
  • BRACELET (Roman - 250 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 260 AD to 402 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 269 AD to 271 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 270 AD to 270 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 275 AD to 286 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 286 AD to 293 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 286 AD to 293 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 297 AD to 353 AD)
  • BROOCH (Roman - 300 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 330 AD to 335 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 330 AD to 335 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 335 AD to 341 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 335 AD to 348 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 335 AD to 364 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 337 AD to 341 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 337 AD to 341 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 341 AD to 348 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 364 AD to 378 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 388 AD to 402 AD)
  • BROOCH (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • SPANGLE (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINGER RING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FURNITURE FITTING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • WEIGHT (Medieval to 19th Century - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • POT MEND (Medieval to 15th Century - 1100 AD to 1450 AD)
  • HARNESS HOOK (12th Century to 14th Century - 1200 AD to 1400 AD)
  • COIN (13th Century - 1248 AD to 1250 AD)
  • COIN (13th Century - 1251 AD to 1272 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (13th Century to 14th Century - 1270 AD to 1400 AD)
  • SCABBARD (15th Century to 16th Century - 1485 AD to 1600 AD)
  • BUTTON (15th Century to 17th Century - 1500 AD to 1700 AD)
  • CLOTH SEAL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • FIREARM (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • SEAL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • WEIGHT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • TAP (16th Century to 18th Century - 1600 AD to 1725 AD)
  • TOKEN (17th Century - 1650 AD to 1670 AD)

Protected Status

  • Higher Level Stewardship

Sources and further reading

---*Fieldwork: Barton Bendish Survey. 15. BB.
---*Fieldwork: Barton Bendish Survey. 264. BB.
---Photograph: NLA. Finds Photograph.
---Photograph: I & RS. Digital finds image.
---Map: Finder's Map..
---Photograph: NCC Find Identification and Recording Service. c. 1975-2000. HES Find Polaroid Collection. HES Find Polaroid Collection. polaroid. black and white.
---Record Card: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
---Secondary File: Secondary File.
---Photograph: EWL14-15, FHJ1, FTE 1-2.
<S1>Illustration: Holness, A.. 1998. Drawing of a Roman bell.. Card. 1:1.
<S2>Illustration: Ashley, S.. 2003. Drawing of three joining fragments from Late Bronze Age sword blade.. Film. 1:1.
<S3>Illustration: Gibbons, J.. 2010. Drawing of a Middle/Late Bronze Age spear head tip fragment.. Film. 1:1.
<S4>Illustration: Gibbons, J.. 2010. Drawing of an Iron Age/Roman buffer terminal.. Film. 2:1.
<S5>Illustration: Gibbons, J. 2013. Drawing of a late Bronze Age copper alloy awl.. Film. 1:1.
<S6>Illustration: Gibbons, J. 2015. Drawing of a fragment of the blade of a Bronze Age rapier. Film. 1:1.
<S7>Illustration: Gibbons, J. 2015. Drawing of Roman copper alloy harness pendant suspension mount. Film. 2:1.

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