Record Details

NHER Number:1797
Type of record:Monument
Name:Probable medieval moat

Summary

A probable medieval moat, possibly altered or landscaped in the more recent past, is visible as an earthwork on aerial photographs of this area. The feature encloses a probable 17th century manor house (NHER 44000), although the moat could be earlier, originally enclosing a medieval building.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TF 8507 4182
Map Sheet:TF84SE
Parish:BURNHAM THORPE, WEST NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

Moat largely survives on all sides but has been ornamentalised into ponds.
E. Rose (NAU).

Cropmarks of what appears to have been manorial fish ponds at TF 850 419, immediately north of the water filled moat.
Information from (S1).
R. J. Rickett (NAU), 18 July 1990.

April 1991. Visit.
Moat surrounds Manor House, except to east where it has been filled in. To west and north measures about 2 to 3m in width, reed filled. To south and east, enlarged as garden feature. Wet throughout. Field to east under pasture, show low earthworks and many nettle patches. A well defined hollow way fringed with old trees, runs along east edge.
Possible candidate for Monument Protection Plan.
See (S2) for further details.
H. Paterson (A&E), April 1991.

No conclusive evidence of earthworks to east of moat site, but possible causeway ridge leads from near moat to front of church entrance. Hollow way noted, may be pre enclosure field boundary ditch but rather wide, with some spoil on bank to west, and it does lead to spur of River Burn to the north. Not considered appropriate to survey under Earthwork Survey project.
B. Cushion (NLA), July 1994.

March 2002. Norfolk NMP.
The feature is sub rectangular in plan (S3 and S4), with its long axis aligned in an approximate north to south direction, and with an internal length of 75m and a width of 59m. There are breaks within the circuit of the moat on the western, southern and eastern sides, although all of these are unlikely to be original. One might suspect that the southern causeway, which adjoins to the road, is the original entrance. The moat varies in width from 2.6 to 14m (S3) although it appears to be somewhat wider on (S5), which may be indicative that some form of landscaping and widening has taken place. The feature encloses a probable 17th century manor house, although the moat could be earlier, originally enclosing a medieval building.
M. Brennand (NMP), 24 March 2002.

The manor house is recorded as NHER 44000.
M. Dennis (NLA), 14 March 2006.

Monument Types

  • BUILDING (Unknown date)
  • FISHPOND (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • HOLLOW WAY (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • MANOR (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • MOAT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)

Associated Finds

  • ARCHITECTURAL FRAGMENT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)

Protected Status

  • Management Statement
  • Management Statement
  • Management Statement
  • SHINE
  • Management Statement

Sources and further reading

---Aerial Photograph: RAF. 1946. RAF/3G/TUD/UK 84 Pt1, 5077-8.
---Record Card: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
---Record Card: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Bronze Age. Sedgeford.
---Record Card: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Medieval. Burnham Thorpe.
---Secondary File: Secondary File.
<S1>Record Card: Ordnance Survey Staff. 1933-1979?. Ordnance Survey Record Cards. TF 84 SE 9 [3].
<S2>Unpublished Document: Paterson, H. (A&E). Norfolk Ancient Monuments Management Project Site Form.
<S3>Vertical Aerial Photograph: Ordnance Survey. 1974. OS/74174 356-7 19-JUL-1974 (NMR).
<S4>Aerial Photograph: RAF. 1946. RAF 106G/UK/1571 4270 07-JUN-1946 (Norfolk SMR TF 8541A).
<S5>Map: Ordnance Survey. 1980. Ordnance Survey (OS) 1:10 000.
<S6>Unpublished Document: Blanchard, G.. 2008. The Manor Burnham Thorpe: A History. Pp 67-68.

Related records - none

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