Record Details

NHER Number:16229
Type of record:Find Spot
Name:Multi-period objects, coins and pottery sherds

Summary

Investigations of this site during the period 1978-92 recovered a wide variety of objects. Finds included prehistoric flints, three Bronze Age copper alloy socketed axeheads, a Roman coin, a Middle Saxon coin and a post medieval clay tobacco pipe and spur. Sherds of Beaker, Iron Age, Roman and medieval pottery were also retrieved.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:Not displayed
Map Sheet:TG10NE
Parish:CRINGLEFORD, SOUTH NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

Autumn 1978. Norfolk Archaeological Research Group fieldwalking. On surface of lightly ploughed sandy loam.
Scatter of struck flints and pot boilers, no concentrations. Beaker sherd, 8mm maximum thickness, gritty fabric orange/grey, rouletted decoration.
Post medieval debris (brick, tile, glass, clay pipe, oysters etc).
Also stoneware sherds.
Beaker sherd seen by E. Rose (NAU), February 1980.
See (S1).
E. Rose (NAU), 10 June 1980.

1991. Flint found in 1978 identified by P. Robins (NCM).
Eleven end and round scrapers on flakes, five retouched flakes, one core scraper.
Also Grimston sherd not previously seen.

1988. Fieldwalking.
Found during survey of Norwich Bypass route, but not exactly located:
1 Palaeolithic large (8cm) flint flake. Very thick and rolled. Striated, heavily stained with much edge damage but secondary working apparently on thick side, so possibly a scraper. Condition indicates Lower Palaeolithic date.
Identified and compiled by J. J. Wymer (NAU), 3 January 1990. Information from (S6).
Subsequently donated to Norwich Castle Museum (NWHCM : 2001.235).
Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 24 March 2014.

1988 to 1989. Fieldwalking in advance of Norwich Southern Bypass. Fields 30, 40, 41.
Worked flint, pot boilers, Roman sherds.
For full details of finds, including modern items not included in record, weather conditions etc see (S2) and (S3) in NHER 29040 Norwich Southern Bypass folder.

25 February 1991. Metal detecting. On line of Norwich Southern Bypass.
Very corroded 1st to 2nd century AD as.
Identified by D. Gurney (NLA).
W. Milligan (NCM), 5 March 1991

15 March 1991. Metal detecting.
Context 2. Three quarters of a penny of Eadwald (about 796 to 798 AD?). Obverse. EAD REX in two lines Reverse. Moneyer's name on quatrefoil EAD--t (Eadnoth). Legend not as in North no. 431, but as in British Museum Catalogue No. 3. Die axis 135 degrees, mass 0.883g.
See (S4) and (S5).
Identified by S. Margeson (NCM).
W. Milligan (NCM).

25 March 1991. Metal detecting. From topsoil before stripping during construction of Norwich Southern Bypass
Context 3.
Late Bronze Age decorated socketed axe with casting flaw, cutting edge of casting seams untouched.
See (S5).
Two more similar found.
Information from member of the public [1].
Details in file.
W. Milligan (NCM), 5 March 1991.

Contexts 2 to 3. See also (S4) and (S5) in file under NHER 29040.
Flint scraper found at same time.

September 1992. Norwich Southern Bypass service road, reinstated.
Flint scraper.
Iron Age flint gritted sherd.
Roman 4th century coin. See list in file. Identified by J. Davies (NCM).
Post medieval spur fragment.
W. Milligan (NCM), 21 September 1992.

Monument Types

  • FINDSPOT (Lower Palaeolithic to Middle Palaeolithic - 500000 BC to 40001 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Neolithic to Early Bronze Age - 3000 BC to 1501 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Bronze Age - 1000 BC to 701 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds

  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • POT BOILER (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • RETOUCHED FLAKE (Lower Palaeolithic to Middle Palaeolithic - 500000 BC to 40001 BC)
  • SOCKETED AXEHEAD (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • POT (Beaker - 2300 BC to 1700 BC)
  • HOARD (Late Bronze Age - 1000 BC to 701 BC)
  • POT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BRICK (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • CLAY PIPE (SMOKING) (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • SPUR (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • TILE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Secondary File: Secondary file.
<S1>Map: Finder's Map..
<S2>Unpublished Document: Bown, J.. 1992?. Norwich Southern Bypass Watching Brief.
<S3>Map: Bown, J.. 1992?. Norwich Southern Bypass Watching Brief Annotated Maps.
<S4>Photograph: I&RS. Finds Polaroid. Polaroid.
<S5>Illustration: Finds Illustrations.
<S6>Archive: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.

Related records - none

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