Record Details

NHER Number:1555
Type of record:Monument
Name:Excavated Roman site within Late Iron Age to Roman settlement, Snettisham

Summary

Metal detecting and fieldwalking recovered large numbers of Roman finds. Excavation here in advance of the A149 bypass in 1989 discovered a Roman settlement site with five phases of occupation from the 1st century AD to the 3rd century AD. A small roundhouse and enclosure grew into a much larger domestic site where craft and industrial activity took place. The settlement was based on a mixed economy of farming and industry. Roundhouses and handmade pottery were used into the Roman period. During the 2nd and 3rd centuries AD occupation decreased and the site was divided into small agricultural enclosures. A corn drier was built during this phase. Later activity decreased and rubbish was dumped in the wells, ditches and pits. The site is part of a larger Late Iron Age to Roman settlement (NHER 26626).

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TF 6776 3281
Map Sheet:TF63SE
Parish:INGOLDISTHORPE, WEST NORFOLK, NORFOLK
SNETTISHAM, WEST NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

1951 and 1953.
Roman sherds, coins, slag found.

1983 to 1984. Phosphate/magnetic survey.
Roman, Late Saxon, medieval sherds.

1984 to 1988. Found with metal detector.
Roman and medieval coins and metalwork.
Iron Age and Middle Saxon sherds.
Roman ?pottery production site.
Late Saxon Borre style disc brooch.

July 1989. Excavation of Roman site. Five separate phases identified.
Phase 1. Mid 1st century AD.
House and series of enclosures.
Prelude to main occupation.

Phase 2. Late 1st century to early 2nd century AD.
Increased activity.
Domestic occupation. Linear boundaries constructed.
Craft and industrial areas identified.
Wooden-lined well.

Phase 3. Early to mid 2nd century AD.
Change from domestic activity to linear divisions of an open area.
Series of ditched trackways, amd small enclosures.
Wooden-lined well.
Corn drier.

Phase 4. Late 2nd century AD.
Abandonment of land divisions and settlement pattern.
Reoplaced with lower density activity.
Trackways, enclosures.
Grave.

Phase 5. 3rd century AD.
Settlement had ceased to exist.
No new structures or boundary features.
Backfilling and dumping of rubbish.

Pre-Roman finds included a number of worked flints, half a Mesolithic or later pebble macehead, Neolithic stone adze and 3 Icenian gold staters.
See (S1).

1991 to 1992. Metal detecting finds.
Roman coins and metalwork.

1992 to 1993. Metal detecting finds.
Roman brooches, terret.

1995 to 1996. Metal detecting finds.
Three 1st/2nd century coins.

1996 to 1997. Metal detecting finds.
Roman metalwork.

1997 to 1998. Metal detecting.
Roman coins and metalwork, Iron Age, Early Saxon, medieval metalwork, Roman sherds.

See details in file. See also NHER 34531.
E. Rose (NLA), 2 August 1999.

June/July 2005. Metal detecting.
Roman copper alloy strap end or strap fitting.
See description in file.
E. Darch (NLA), 8 August 2005.

August/September 2005. Metal detecting.
Post medieval hooked tag.
See description in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 7 October 2005.

October/November 2005. Metal detecting.
Three Roman and two post medieval coins.
See list in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 12 December 2005.

January/February 2006. Metal detecting.
One Roman coin and Roman brooch.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 13 March 2006.

January 2006. Metal detecting.
One Roman and one post medieval coin.
Post medieval belt mount.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 6 April 2006.

22 January 1990. Metal detecting.
Romano-British figurine of captive in chains, now in NCM.
See description in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 29 June 2007.

Monument Types

  • FINDSPOT (Undated)
  • FINDSPOT (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Early Mesolithic to Early Bronze Age - 10000 BC to 1501 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • CORN DRYING KILN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • DITCH (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • ENCLOSURE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FENCE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FIELD SYSTEM (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • HEARTH (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • HOUSE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • INHUMATION (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • IRON WORKING SITE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • METAL WORKING SITE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • PIT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POST HOLE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POTTERY WORKS (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • ROUND HOUSE (DOMESTIC) (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • SETTLEMENT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • SPINNING MILL (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • STOCK ENCLOSURE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • TRACKWAY (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • WELL (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • POND (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds

  • (Undated)
  • METAL WORKING DEBRIS (Undated)
  • POT (Undated)
  • SPINDLE WHORL (Undated)
  • STAPLE (Undated)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Undated)
  • WEIGHT (Undated)
  • WHETSTONE (Undated)
  • FLAKE (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • PEBBLE MACE (Early Mesolithic to Early Bronze Age - 10000 BC to 1501 BC)
  • POLISHED AXEHEAD (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • CHISEL (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • SPEAR (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • BOW BROOCH (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • COIN (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • COIN (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • COIN (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • POT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • POT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • VESSEL (Early Iron Age to Roman - 800 BC to 409 AD)
  • ANIMAL REMAINS (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • ARCHITECTURAL FRAGMENT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BOTTLE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BOW BROOCH (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BOX (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BRACELET (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BRICK (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BRIQUETAGE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BROOCH (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • CRUCIBLE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FIGURINE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINGER RING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FURNITURE FITTING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • HARNESS (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • HARNESS (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • HOARD (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • HUMAN REMAINS (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • INSECT REMAINS (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • LOOMWEIGHT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • METAL WORKING DEBRIS (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • METAL WORKING DEBRIS (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • METAL WORKING DEBRIS (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • MILLSTONE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • MOLLUSCA REMAINS (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • MOULD (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • PERSONAL ORNAMENT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • PIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • PLANT REMAINS (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • PLANT REMAINS (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • RING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • ROOF TILE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • SAMPLE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • SHEARS (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • STRAP END (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • TILE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • VESSEL (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • WORKED OBJECT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BOW BROOCH (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • POT (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • POT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • ARCHITECTURAL FRAGMENT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BOX (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • CASKET (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • PERSONAL ORNAMENT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • RING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • WEIGHT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BELL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BUTTON (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BUTTON (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • HARNESS (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • HOOKED TAG (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • JETTON (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • KNIFE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • POT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • POT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • SPOON (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • STUD (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • THIMBLE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • TILE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • TOKEN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • WEIGHT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Protected Status

  • SHINE
  • SHINE
  • SHINE
  • Higher Level Stewardship

Sources and further reading

---Newspaper Article: Lynn News. 1989. Dig against time on new A149 route. 10 October.
---Map: Finder's Map..
---Photograph: I&RS. Finds Polaroid. Polaroid.
---Monograph: Ashley, S.. 2002. Medieval Armorial Horse Furniture in Norfolk.. East Anglian Archaeology. Vol 101.
---Archive: Ordnance Survey Staff. 1933-1979?. Ordnance Survey Record Cards. TF 63 SE 13.
---Archive: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
---Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 1989. Grave site holds key to history. 5 December.
---Newspaper Article: Lynn News. 1989. Roman skull is found on by-pass site. 8 December.
---Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 1990. Ordinary life 1900 years ago. 1 January.
---Newspaper Article: Lynn News. 1991. Buried coins: 2,000 years old. 5 March.
---Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 1991. Gold and silver coins worth £2400 handed to finders. 2 March.
---Illustration: Holness, A.. 1999. Drawing of a Romano British serpent-headed bracelet.. Paper. 1:1.
---Article in serial: Gurney, D (ed.). 1990. Excavations and Surveys in Norfolk 1989. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XLI Pt I pp 107-112. p 109.
---Archive: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Roman. Ingoldisthorpe.
---Secondary File: Secondary file.
---Slide: Various. Slide.
---Photograph: EDT15-17, FVC 21-8, FEC-FEZ, FFA-FFK.
<S1>Monograph: Flitcroft, M.. 2001. Excavation of a Romano-British Settlement on the A149 Snettisham Bypass 1989.. East Anglian Archaeology. Vol 93.

Related records

26626Part of: Extensive Late Iron Age to Roman settlement (Monument)

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