Record Details

NHER Number:11816
Type of record:Monument
Name:Cropmarks and multi-period finds

Summary

A small complex of sub rectangular cropmarks (possibly a moat), trackways and a possible posthole building can be seen on aerial photographs of this area. Metal detecting and fieldwalking have recovered a wide variety of finds dating from the Iron Age to the post medieval period. Highlights include an Iron Age silver coin, Roman brooches, an Early Saxon mount, a possible Viking pendant and a 12th to 13th century copper alloy cross showing Christ crucified. These finds are part of a larger Roman to Early Medieval settlement and Early Saxon cemetery complex evident at NHER 3565, NHER 11743, NHER 25765, NHER 30690, NHER 30754, and NHER 31073.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:Not displayed
Map Sheet:TF72SW
Parish:CONGHAM, WEST NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

1976. Aerial photographs.
Small complex of subrectangular cropmarks, also tracks.
E. Rose (NAU), 22 November 1976.

15 November 1990.
Twenty-three possible Iron Age sherds;
Twenty to thirty undated sherds from fieldwalking.
D. Edwards (NAU), 15 November 1990.

5/6 July 1991. NAU air photography.
Cropmarks. Further linear cropmarks, extending the area of the site to the south. Features include a posthole building within a rectangular enclosure or moat.
M. Flitcroft (NLA), February 1993

1993.
Late Saxon bridle cheekpiece, one terminal broken off, central decoration 'plate' with zig-zag edge and stamped with five ring-and-dots in centre.
To be photographed.
A. Rogerson (NLA) 3 May 1993.

4 May 1993.
Roman pottery from restricted area.
One greyware jar rim in coarse sandy fabric, one flanged bowl rim, one base and one bodysherd greyware. Also one sherd probably glazed Grimston.
Six Roman coins.
Post medieval token.
See list in file.
Roman copper alloy nail cleaner. Lovely, suspension loop above nickel stem. Grooved edges on both edges of blade. See (S1).
Gilt medieval buckle plate, Four holes. Punched decoration, bronze.
Square sectioned rod, tapering towards each broken end. Hammer marks on all facets. Length 45mm ?unfinished awl. ?Date.
I.D. J. Davies (NCM) and S. Margeson (NCM), and A. Rogerson (NLA).
A. Rogerson (NLA) 28 May 1993.

9 May 1993. Metal detecting.
Five Roman coins.
Post medieval token.
17th century bronze coin.
See lists in file.
I.D. J. Davies (NCM).
A. Rogerson (NLA) 28 June 1993.

June 1993. Metal detecting.
Neolithic flint blade.
Iron Age harness ring.
Roman coins, brooches, bracelet, spoon, pottery.
Early Saxon wristclasp and brooch
Late Saxon pendant.
Medieval to post medieval metal objects and coins.
See full lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA) 3 August 1993.

August 1993. Further fieldwalking.
Roman, Late Saxon, medieval, post medieval pottery.
Roman, medieval brick/tile.
See list in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA) 1 October 1993.

March 1994. Further finds individually located. See lists in file.
Roman coin and brooches.
Early Saxon brooches.
Medieval/post medieval metalwork.
A. Rogerson (NLA) 28 April 1994.

April 1994.
Three Roman coins, two post medieval tokens. See lists.
Samian base.
Part of trumpet brooch, see (S2), but larger. 1st century.
Fragment gilded medieval suspension plate, ?for harness pendant.
Medieval strap end buckle, two holes in plate, rocker-arm ornament.
?Medieval lead token.
Late medieval/early post medieval casket key.
Head of small Early Saxon cruciform brooch with integral knobs grooved and stamped decoration. Base has been carefully ?filed to a smooth finish, as has pin-lug on reverse. Two drilled holes. See (S1). One side knob looks badly cast.
Piece of slaggy substance with bronze.
A. Rogerson (NLA) 24 June 1994.

December 1994. Metal detecting.
Roman and post medieval coins.
Post medieval buckle and token.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA) 6 March 1995.

August 1995. Metal detecting.
One Roman coin.
Roman finger ring.
Roman or Early Saxon buckle.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA) 2 October 1995.

September 1995. Metal detecting.
Six Roman coins.
One post medieval coin.
One post medieval coin weight.
Roman spoon.
Early Saxon mount.
Medieval buckle
Post medieval mount.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA) 30 October 1995.

August 1998. [4].
Roman coin.
Post medieval jetton.
Iron Age terret, (S4).
Medieval and post medieval metal finds.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA) 4 October 1998.

January 2001. Metal detecting.
Two Roman coins.
Post medieval jetton.
Post medieval metal finds.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 4 March 2001.

May 2001. Metal detecting.
Roman coin and bracelet.
Undatable weight.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 27 June 2001.

July 2002. Metal detecting.
Three Roman coins.
Roman and post medieval metal finds.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 6 September 2002.

February/March 2003. Metal detecting.
One Iron Age, four Roman and three post medieval coins.
Roman ?knife from medical set.
Roman, medieval, post medieval and undatable metal objects.
See lists in file with NGRs.
A. Rogerson (NLA), April 2003.

March 2003. Surface collection.
Roman, Late Saxon and medieval sherds.
See list in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 9 May 2003.

Before 6 May 2003. Metal detecting.
Part of Limoges late 12th-early 13th century gilt enamelled crucifix with engraved hand of God on reverse, (S5).
See description in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 28 May 2003.

Before 4 April 2005. Metal detecting.
Ten Roman coins.
Iron Age, Roman, Early Saxon, Late Saxon (S6), medieval (S7) and post medieval metal objects.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 12 June 2005.

Before 4 July 2005. Metal detecting.
Two medieval coins.
See list in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 15 September 2005.

Before 24 October 2005. Metal detecting.
Medieval buckle and vitrified brick fragment.
See list in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 24 January 2006.

January 2006. Metal detecting.
Three Roman and one post medieval coins.
Medieval and post medieval metal objects.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 7 April 2006.

November-December 2014. Metal-detecting. Site extended to whole field. [5].
KLMD122014 - PAS details to follow.
A. Beckham (HES), 22 December 2014.

Monument Types

  • BUILDING (Unknown date)
  • ENCLOSURE (Unknown date)
  • POST HOLE (Unknown date)
  • RECTILINEAR ENCLOSURE (Unknown date)
  • TRACKWAY (Unknown date)
  • FINDSPOT (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • SETTLEMENT? (Roman to Medieval - 43 AD to 1300 AD)
  • CEMETERY? (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • GREAT HALL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • MOAT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds

  • AWL (Undated)
  • CASTING WASTE (Unknown date)
  • METAL WORKING DEBRIS (Undated)
  • METAL WORKING DEBRIS (Undated)
  • METAL WORKING DEBRIS (Unknown date)
  • POT (Undated)
  • RING (Unknown date)
  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • BROOCH (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • COIN (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • HARNESS (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • POT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • BROOCH (Late Iron Age to Roman - 20 AD to 70 AD)
  • BRACELET (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BRACELET (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BRICK (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BROOCH (Roman - 43 AD to 100 AD)
  • BROOCH (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BROOCH (Roman - 43 AD to 75 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COSMETIC SPOON (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINGER RING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FURNITURE FITTING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • HAIR PIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • HARNESS (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • KNIFE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • MEDICAL IMPLEMENT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • MOUNT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • NAIL (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • RING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • SPOON (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • TILE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • TOILET ARTICLE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • PLATE BROOCH (Roman - 100 AD to 200 AD)
  • BRACELET (Roman - 200 AD to 409 AD)
  • BROOCH (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • PERSONAL ORNAMENT (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • SLEEVE CLASP (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • STRAP END (Middle Saxon to Late Saxon - 800 AD to 901 AD)
  • BRIDLE BIT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • HARNESS (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • PENDANT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • POT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • PRICK SPUR (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • STIRRUP (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • BOX (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BRICK (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BROOCH (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • CRUCIFIX (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • DRESS COMPONENT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINGER RING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • HARNESS (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • HARNESS FITTING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • HARNESS MOUNT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • KEY (LOCKING) (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • NAIL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • ROOF TILE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • THIMBLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • TOKEN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • VESSEL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • NAIL (Medieval - 1100 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STYLUS (Medieval - 1100 AD to 1500 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval - 1200 AD to 1400 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval - 1200 AD to 1400 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval - 1200 AD to 1400 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval - 1230 AD to 1400 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval - 1270 AD to 1400 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval - 1300 AD to 1400 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval - 1300 AD to 1400 AD)
  • STRAP END (Medieval - 1300 AD to 1400 AD)
  • VESSEL (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1300 AD to 1700 AD)
  • VESSEL (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1300 AD to 1700 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval - 1350 AD to 1500 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval - 1350 AD to 1500 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Medieval - 1350 AD to 1450 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Medieval - 1350 AD to 1450 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval - 1400 AD to 1500 AD)
  • THIMBLE (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1500 AD to 1600 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • CANDLE HOLDER (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN WEIGHT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • DRESS FASTENER (DRESS) (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • FERRULE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • HARNESS (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • JETTON (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • KEY (LOCKING) (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • NAIL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • PERSONAL ORNAMENT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • PERSONAL ORNAMENT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • SPUR (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • STAPLE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • SWORD BELT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • TOKEN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • VESSEL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Post Medieval - 1600 AD to 1720 AD)
  • CUFF LINK (Post Medieval - 1700 AD to 1800 AD)

Protected Status

  • SHINE

Sources and further reading

---Aerial Photograph: TF7222 ABB-ABM,ABP-ACJ,ACN-ACS,ACV,ADC-ADK,ADU-AEC,AEL-AEV.
---Photograph: I & RS. Digital finds image.
---Photograph: LFT 30-31, Late Saxon bridle..
---Photograph: 1993. LFD 26-28, Romano Britsh nail cleaner..
---Photograph: 2003. KTS 28-34, Medieval enamelled cross fragment..
---Photograph: 1995. LCJ 11-12, Early Saxon decorative mount..
---Photograph: 1995. LCM 4-5, Romano British/Early Saxon dolphin buckle..
---Photograph: 1994. LDS 3-4, Cruciform fragment..
---Photograph: 1994. LDS 10-12, Early Saxon small long brooch..
---Photograph: 1994. LDS 16-23, Medieval head..
---Secondary File: Secondary file.
---Photograph: 1994. LEE 14-15, Early Saxon brooch fragment..
<S1>Photograph: NLA. Finds Photograph.
<S1>Article in Serial: Wells, J.. 1995. Spoils from a Sports Field.. Treasure Hunting. June 1995, pp 46-48. p 46-48.
<S2>Publication: Hattatt, R.. 1985. Iron Age and Roman brooches. 1529.
<S4>Illustration: Holness, A.. 1998. Drawing of an Iron Age terret ring fragment.. Card. 1:1.
<S5>Illustration: White, S.. 2003. Drawing of a medieval gilt copper alloy crucifix.. Film. 2:1.
<S6>Illustration: Gibbons, J.. 2005. Drawing of a Late Saxon pick spur.. Film. 2:1.
<S7>Illustration: White, S.. 2005. Drawing of the upper area of a medieval copper alloy crucifix.. Film. 2:1.

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