Record Details

NHER Number:10007
Type of record:Monument
Name:Multi-period finds, Roman and Late Saxon pits

Summary

Fieldwalking and metal detecting at this site have recorded many Roman to post medieval pottery fragments, metal finds and coins. Excavations during drainage operations recorded a Late Saxon pit and ditch and two Roman pits. Interpretations suggest this is the site of a Roman building and Late Saxon to early medieval settlement. There is some confusion with NHER 10008.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TM 12 93
Map Sheet:TM19SW
Parish:BUNWELL, SOUTH NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

1960 - 1967, 1975, 1981 - 1982. Fieldwalking and metal detecting. Field BN 10 and BN 11.
Iron Age brooch, (S9).
Roman sherds.
Late Saxon sherds and metalwork, (S14, S15, S16 and S20).
Medieval items (S17 amd S18).
Pits and floor excavated possibly of Late Saxon and Roman date.

1964. Excavations
Carried out by P.Day, this revealed an oval pit 4ft in diameter and 4ft deep. From these pit sherds of Thetford ware, daub, a single very worn sherd of Roman color-coated pottery and an iron knife were recovered. Close to this there was also a feature recorded, this was a L-shaped ditch which was 4ft from the surface, a large collection of the Thetford ware was recovered, this included jars which had a sagging bases and a piece of sandstone with iron fragments.
See (S8) for further details.

1984 - 1985, 1987 - 1988. Metal detecting.
Part of an Early/Middle Iron Age brooch (600BC-200BC) (S8).
Roman figurine. See (S1).
Early Saxon objects.
Much Roman metalwork, (S7, S10, S11, S12, S13 and S19).
Areas of dark soil and pot boiler site noted.
See (S2), (S3) and (S4).
E. Rose (NLA), 15 March 1991.

1997. Metal detecting.
Undated, Roman/Early Saxon, Late Saxon and post medieval metal finds.
Nine Roman and one post medieval coins.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 27 June 1999.

2000-before 10 March 2003. Metal detecting.
Roman sherds.
Two Roman coins.
Late Saxon, medieval and post medieval metal objects.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 24 May 2003.

Before 17 July 2006. Metal detecting.
3 Roman and 1 post medieval pot sherds.
Medieval or post medieval buckle.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 11 November 2006.

March 2007. Condition of Scheduled Monuments in Cultivation (COSMIC) risk assessment.
Desk based COSMIC assessment completed, along with the excavation of two test pits.
See (S5).
D. Robertson (NLA), 13 April 2007.

Monument Types

  • BURNT MOUND (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FLOOR (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • PIT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • DITCH (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • PIT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds

  • ARCHITECTURAL FRAGMENT (Undated)
  • KNIFE (Undated)
  • MILLSTONE (Undated)
  • NAIL (Undated)
  • POT (Undated)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Undated)
  • VESSEL (Undated)
  • WEIGHT (Undated)
  • HAMMERSTONE (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • BROOCH (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • ANIMAL REMAINS (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BROOCH (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • DRESS COMPONENT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FIGURINE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINGER RING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FURNITURE FITTING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • GEMSTONE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • MOLLUSCA REMAINS (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • RING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • ROOF TILE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • STEELYARD WEIGHT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • VESSEL (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • RING (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • TWEEZERS (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • BROOCH (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • POT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • POT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • SWORD (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • WHETSTONE (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • DRESS COMPONENT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • HARNESS (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • SPUR (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BALL (RITUAL) (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BUTTON (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • POT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • SPUR (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Photograph: I & RS. Digital finds image.
---Archive: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Roman. Bunwell [4].
---Archive: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Late Saxon. Bunwell [2].
---Archive: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Medieval. Bunwell.
---Secondary File: Secondary file.
---Photograph: CPT 1-12, CMV 14-22.
<S1>Article in serial: Gregory, T.. 1986. The Bunwell Horse.. Britannia. Vol XVII, p 330-1. p 330.
<S2>Illustration: Unknown. Sketch plan of finds site.. Film.
<S4>Unpublished document: Day, P. G. 1985. The Archaeology of Bunwell. pp 42-92.
<S5>Unpublished document: Robertson, D.A.. 2007. F.H. Easton Limited: COSMIC Risk Assessments.
<S6>Article in serial: Wilson, D. M. and Hurst, D. G. 1966. Medieval Britain in 1964. Medieval Archaeology. Vol IX (for 1965) pp 170-220. p 172.
<S7>Illustration: Gregory, T.. 1984. Drawing of a Roman copper alloy object, probably part of a brooch.. Film. 2:1.
<S8>Publication: Hattatt, R.. 1987. Brooches of Antiquity. p.12, fig. 4, no.722.
<S9>Illustration: Hirst, N.. 1982. Drawing of an Iron Age la tene I brooch.. Paper. 1:1.
<S10>Illustration: White, S.. 1984. Drawing of a Roman horse figurine.. Film. 2:1.
<S11>Illustration: Unknown. 1981. Drawings of a Roman knee brooch, solid copper alloy object, decorative stud and a loop from a buckle.. Paper. 1:1.
<S12>Illustration: Hirst, N.. Unknown. Drawing of a medieval annular brooch.. Paper. 1:1.
<S13>Illustration: Gregory, T.. 1984. Drawings of a Roman plate brooch and an unidentifed object.. Film. 2:1.
<S14>Illustration: Unknown. 1982. Drawing of a Late Saxon copper alloy dics brooch.. Paper. 1:1.
<S15>Illustration: Unknown. 1982. Drawing of a Late Saxon strap-end fragment.. Paper. 1:1.
<S16>Illustration: Unknown. 1982. Drawing of a Late Saxon sword pommel fragment.. Paper. 1:1.
<S17>Illustration: Hirst, N.. 1982. Drawing of a medieval copper alloy hooked tag.. Paper. 1:1.
<S18>Illustration: Margeson, S. 1981. Drawing of a post-medieval harness mount.. Paper. Unknown.
<S19>Illustration: Hirst, N.. 1984. Drawing of a Roaman disc brooch.. Paper. 1:1.
<S20>Illustration: Unknown. 1982. Drawing of a Late Saxon animal-headed foot from a vessel.. Paper. 1:1.

Related records - none

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