Record Details

NHER Number:5688
Type of record:Monument
Name:Medieval moated site and Santon deserted medieval village at St Helen's picnic site


Earthworks of a medieval moated manor and associated complex, part of Santon deserted medieval village. The moated site is sub-rectangular in plan and the ditch has become partly infilled. Boundary features and other features can be seen around the moat. Surface and metal detected finds of medieval pot and other artefacts provide further evidence that this is the site of Santon deserted medieval village.


  • The earthworks of a moated medieval manorial site  © Norfolk Museums & Archaeology Service


Grid Reference:TL 82 87
Map Sheet:TL88NW

Full description

Earthworks of deserted medieval village and moated manorial site.

1975. Casual find.
Medieval sherds.

1979. Casual find.
Medieval sherds.

1985. Casual find.
Medieval sherds and flint flake.

1987. Casual find.
Medieval sherds.

1988 to 1989. Casual finds.
Medieval sherds.

1990 and 1991.
Worked flints, medieval and post medieval sherds.

April 1995. Earthwork Survey and Archaeological Assessment.
Other than the well defined moat the surface remains are of limited extent and form.
Medieval sherds and tile found.
See report (S1) for further details.
A. Rogerson (NLA) 30 March 1997.

September 1999. Watching brief.
During construction of wheelchair access, patch extensions and river dredgings at Santon moated site, Lynford.
No archaeological finds or features.
C.F. Mecksepper (NAU), 22 May 2000.

Scheduled Ancient Monument Management Plan March 2002 to March 2007.
See (S2).
D. Gurney (NLA), 24 April 2002.

Before 27 February 2003.
One base sherd of post medieval glazed red earthenware.
One undated irregular fragment of lead.
Undated bi-conical lead weight (46.55g) with central perforation.
See (S3) in file.
E. Darch (NLA), 25 November 2003.

January/February 2004. Surface finds in disturbed ground near car park.
Roman, Late Saxon, medieval and post medieval sherds.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 16 March 2004.]

Monument Types

  • DESERTED SETTLEMENT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • MANOR (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • MOAT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)

Associated Finds

  • WEIGHT (Unknown date)
  • WORKED OBJECT (Undated)
  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Middle Neolithic to Post Medieval - 3500 BC to 1800 AD)
  • WORKED OBJECT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • WORKED OBJECT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • ROOF TILE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • TOKEN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Protected Status

  • Scheduled Monument
  • Scheduled Monument

Sources and further reading

---Article in Serial: Allison, K. J. 1955. The Lost Villages of Norfolk. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XXXI pp 116-162. pp 156.
---Graphic Material: Various. Various. Architectural plans..
---Scheduling Record: English Heritage. Scheduling Report.
---Scheduling Record: Corbishley, M.. 1983. AM107.
---Unpublished Document: Sussums, K.. 1995. Watching brief - St Helen's picnic site, Lynford, 19/7/95. 20 July.
---Publication: JGC. 1969. AM7.
---Monograph: 1846. Guide to the Norfolk Railway.
---Archive: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Medieval. Lynford.
---Secondary File: Secondary file.
<S1>Unpublished Report: Cushion, B. 1995. St Helen's Picnic Site, Santon. Brief Archaeological Assessment for Forest Enterprise. Earthwork Survey Report.
<S2>Unpublished Document: English Heritage. 2002. English Heritage Management Agreement.
<S3>Map: Finder's Map..

Related records - none

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