Record Details

NHER Number:5633
Type of record:Monument
Name:Former medieval to post medieval earthworks including enclosures and boundaries

Summary

The site of an extensive area of former earthworks of probable medieval to post medieval date associated with the medieval manorial site of Weeting Castle (NHER 5626) and within the former area of Weeting Park, associated with the post medieval Weeting Hall (NHER 5637). The earthworks also extend to and incorporate the site of now destroyed site of All Saints' Church (NHER 5625). These earthworks were recorded on historic aerial photographs and are now largely plough-levelled. Although some earthworks recorded from the Lidar data remain within Shadwell’s Plantation to the east of the main area. The site consists of a complex series of boundary ditches – some of which may have also formed a drainage function, in particular those leading into the L-shaped channel mentioned above – hollow ways and boundary banks. A number of mounds and platforms have been recorded and may relate to the location of former buildings. The oblong fish ponds to the northeast, previously under NHER 33703 are now recorded within this site. Earthwork enclosures, trackways and boundaries of probable contemporary date to the east and south have been recorded under NHER 29701 and 61519 for ease of recording.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TL 780 893
Map Sheet:TL78NE
Parish:WEETING WITH BROOMHILL, BRECKLAND, NORFOLK

Full description

L-shaped pond noted as possible moat on NCM map (S1).

Not a moat, but part of the garden works and ha-has of Weeting Hall. At its southern end is a brick staunch and ruined bridge.
Visited by E. Rose (NAU), 5 December 1979.

Linear feature running north from north side on NAU aerial photographs 1986 is probably recent also.

March 1947. RAF aerial photograph shows a series of ditched enclosures to west of ?moat to the south of a westward extension of the northern arm. They approach the manor site NHER 5626 and may well be of comparable date. 1971 Ordnance Survey aerial photograph shows all area as arable.
B. Cushion (NLA), 12 June 1998.

1819-24 first edition 2 inch Ordnance Survey (S2) map marks the L-shaped feature as the boundary of a wood extending to the east.
E. Rose (NLA), 12 February 2001.

Bryant's map of 1826 has 'The Canal' written across the area.
E. Rose (NLA), 23 October 2002.

January 2012.
Google Earth imagery from 1999-2006 suggests the earthworks have been ploughed level.
K. Powell (HES), 5 January 2012.

August 2016. 'Brecks from Above' and Breckland National Mapping Programme.
The site of extensive former earthworks of probable medieval to post medieval date to the east of Weeting Castle (NHER 5626) and within the former area of Weeting Park, associated with the post medieval Weeting Hall (NHER 5637) was visible on aerial photographs (S3-S10). The earthworks also extend to and incorporate the site of now destroyed site of All Saints' Church (NHER 5625). The site has been extended considerably to include significant areas of former earthworks recorded to the north and south and includes features previously recorded under NHER 5632 and NHER 33703. However some earthworks recorded from the 0.5m and 2m resolution Lidar data (S11-S12) within Shadwell’s Plantation to the east of the main area of levelled earthworks have been included in the site. Earthwork enclosures, trackways and boundaries of probable contemporary date to the east and south have been recorded under NHER 29701 and 61519 for ease of recording.
The site consists of a complex series of boundary ditches –some of which may have also formed a drainage function, in particular those leading into the L-shaped channel mentioned above – hollow ways and boundary banks. A number of mounds and platforms have been recorded and may relate to the location of former buildings. Two possible areas of ridges, possibly relating to ridge and furrow or some similar sort of ploughing/cultivation activity were tentatively identified; one within the southwestern part of the site and another possibly visible on the lidar data within Shadwell’s Plantation. The oblong fish ponds to the northeast, previously under NHER 33703 are now recorded within this site.
As has previously been suggested a significant amount of these earthworks are likely to relate to land divisions and settlement contemporary with the medieval moated site (NHER 5626). Although finds relating to Roman settlement, as well as middle and later Saxon material (NHER 37419, NHER 37420), indicate that some of these boundaries and platforms could in part feasibly relate to pre-medieval activity and settlement, as well as later post medieval features associated with the park. Note also the suggestion that the southern part of the site was used as a charcoal burner’s camp during the post medieval period (NHER 5632).
Features clearly relating to relatively late parkland features or those depicted on historic maps have been omitted from the mapping, such as the former drive to the Hall – previously recorded in NHER 5632 – and field boundaries depicted on the Ordnance Survey First Edition map.
S. Horlock (Norfolk Historic Environment Service), 17th August 2016.

Monument Types

  • (Former Type) MOAT? (Medieval - 1066 AD? to 1539 AD?)
  • BOUNDARY BANK (Medieval to 19th Century - 1066 AD to 1900 AD?)
  • BOUNDARY DITCH (Medieval to 19th Century - 1066 AD to 1900 AD?)
  • BUILDING PLATFORM? (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD?)
  • DRAINAGE DITCH (Medieval to 19th Century - 1066 AD to 1900 AD?)
  • ENCLOSURE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FISHPOND (Medieval to 19th Century - 1066 AD to 1900 AD?)
  • HOLLOW WAY (Medieval to 19th Century - 1066 AD to 1900 AD?)
  • MOUND (Medieval to 19th Century - 1066 AD to 1900 AD?)
  • PLATFORM (Medieval to 19th Century - 1066 AD to 1900 AD?)
  • RECTILINEAR ENCLOSURE (Medieval to 19th Century - 1066 AD to 1900 AD?)
  • RIDGE AND FURROW? (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD?)
  • SETTLEMENT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD?)
  • BRIDGE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • GARDEN FEATURE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • HA HA (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • LINEAR FEATURE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • POND (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • WEIR (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds - none

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Aerial Photograph: TL 7889/A; TL 78/TL 7788/C; 71 216 024.
---Map: Bryant, A.. 1826. Bryant's Map of Norfolk.
---Record Card: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
---Record Card: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Medieval. Wetting.
<S1>Map: NCM. NCM Record Map.
<s2>Map: Ordnance Survey. 1819-24. 1st Edition 2" OS.
<S3>Vertical Aerial Photograph: Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. RAF/106G/UK/1634 RS 4397-4400 09-JUL-1946 (HEA Original Print).
<S4>Vertical Aerial Photograph: Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. RAF/CPE/UK/1801 RP 3121-3122 25-OCT-1946 (HEA Original Print).
<S5>Vertical Aerial Photograph: Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. RAF/CPE/UK/1952 RS 4202-4202 25-MAR-1947 (HEA Original Print).
<S6>Vertical Aerial Photograph: Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. RAF/58/1870 V 0002-0003 05-SEP-1955 (HEA Original Print).
<S7>Vertical Aerial Photograph: Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. OS/94134 V 041, 043 29-MAY-1994 (HEA Original Print).
<S8>Oblique Aerial Photograph: Various. Oblique Aerial Photograph. NMR 26974/14-23 16-JUN-2010 (HEA Digital).
<S9>Oblique Aerial Photograph: Various. Oblique Aerial Photograph. NMR 27774/11-18 05-JUL-2013 (HEA Digital).
<S10>Oblique Aerial Photograph: Various. Oblique Aerial Photograph. Norfolk Historic Environment Record TM7788F-K 28-JUN-1989 (NLA 228/DKN2-6) (Print).
<S11>LIDAR Airborne Survey: Various. LIDAR Airborne Survey. LIDAR Santon Forest Research 0.5m DTM 15-JUL-2015 (BNG Project, FC England, Fugro Geospatial).
<S12>LIDAR Airborne Survey: Various. LIDAR Airborne Survey. LIDAR TM7889 Environment Agency 2m DTM 01-OCT-2014.

Related records

5632Related to: Possible charcoal burners' camp, medieval hollow way and enclosures (now part of NHER 5633) (Monument)
29701Related to: Probable medieval moated and associated enclosures and boundaries (Monument)
33703Related to: Site of medieval or post medieval fish ponds (now part of NHER 5633) (Monument)

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