Record Details

NHER Number:5308
Type of record:Monument
Name:Beaker occupation site at Poor Ground and The Oaks

Summary

Excavations on this site during the 1960s and 1980s revealed Beaker hearths, stake holes, a pit and a possible cremation. Beaker pottery, flints and other finds were recovered from the site. This site is associated with a number of other Beaker occupation sites in the immediate area.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TL 6918 8772
Map Sheet:TL68NE
Parish:HOCKWOLD CUM WILTON, WEST NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

1958 to 1959.
Find of Roman and Beaker sherds.

1963 to 1964.
Beaker pottery and Neolithic pottery.

1964.
Excavation of two Beaker hearths and possible burial. Roman sherds and querns and Neolithic stone axes from surface finds.

Excavation at TL 6925 8778 (Context 1):
Investigation of a Beaker-period hearth and the adjacent area (c. 7m x 4m). Several stake holes with no obvious plan also identified. This work recovered a significant collection of Beaker pottery, including Middle Beaker, Late Beaker and Rusticated Beaker. Sherds of Early Neolithic bowl (including Mildenhall Ware), Food Vessel and Bronze Age pottery were also found.
Worked flints recovered included:
1 Mesolithic flint microlith. Broken. Listed in (S1) and described in (S5).
2 Neolithic triangular arrowheads.
2 Late Neolithic/Early Bronze Age barbed and tanged arrowheads (S4).
152 scrapers [The large number recovered suggests that many are probably small Late Neolithic/Early Bronze Age types - P. W 17/11/13].
7 ?unfinished arrowheads.
7 'scale-flaked' knives.
1 fabricator.
These finds are held by the Norwich Castle Museum (NWHCM : 1964.671). Identifed by F. Healy (NAU) and listed in (S2).
P. Watkins (HES), 17 November 2013.

1965.
Excavation of further Neolithic/Beaker hearths and pit with pottery and flint.
Macehead found.

1967.
Excavation produced Neolithic and Beaker pottery.

1981.
Excavation produced Beaker material.

See details, site plans, reports, finds illustrations, correspondance and NHER 5324 in file.
E. Rose (NLA) 16 May 1990.

This site is recorded as Field 613, or sites 62, 63 and 69 in (S3).
(S3) interprets the finds and features as representing two or three separate phases of occupation between the three different sites included under this number.
This site is associated with a number of other Beaker sites in the immediate area. The surface finds and excavated areas seem to be grouped in distinct clusters, although it is difficult to establish the exact relationship between them. Although the features recorded are not enough to imply a permanent settlement, the finds recovered indicate that Beaker activity in this area was more than a temporary occupation site.
See (S2) and (S3) for more details.
S. Spooner (NLA) 9 March 2006.

Monument Types

  • CREMATION (Beaker - 2300 BC to 1700 BC)
  • HEARTH (Beaker - 2300 BC to 1700 BC)
  • OCCUPATION SITE (Beaker - 2300 BC to 1700 BC)
  • PIT (Beaker - 2300 BC to 1700 BC)
  • STAKE HOLE (Beaker - 2300 BC to 1700 BC)

Associated Finds

  • ANIMAL REMAINS (Undated)
  • HUMAN REMAINS (Undated)
  • FABRICATOR (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • KNIFE (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • MACE (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • POT BOILER (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • SCRAPER (TOOL) (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • MICROLITH (Mesolithic - 10000 BC to 4001 BC)
  • ARROWHEAD (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • ARROWHEAD? (Early Neolithic to Early Bronze Age - 4000 BC? to 1501 BC?)
  • KNIFE (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • KNIFE (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • LEAF ARROWHEAD (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • NEEDLE (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • POLISHED AXEHEAD (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • POT (Early Neolithic - 4000 BC to 3001 BC)
  • POT (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • TRIANGULAR ARROWHEAD (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • WORKED OBJECT (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • BARBED AND TANGED ARROWHEAD (Late Neolithic to Early Bronze Age - 3000 BC to 1501 BC)
  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • POT (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • POT (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • POT (Early Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 1501 BC)
  • SAW (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • HUMAN REMAINS (Beaker - 2300 BC to 1700 BC)
  • POT (Beaker - 2300 BC to 1700 BC)
  • POT (Beaker - 2300 BC to 1700 BC)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • QUERN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Archive: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
---Article in Serial: Healy, F. 1984. Recent Finds of Neolithic Bowl Pottery in Norfolk. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XXXIX Pt I pp 65-82.
---Thesis: Garrow, D.. 2006. Pits, Settlement and Deposition during the Neolithic and Early Bronze Age in East Anglia. during the Neolithic and Early Pits, Settlement and Deposition during the Neolithic and Early Bronze Age in East Anglia.
---Archive: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Mesolithic.
---Archive: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Neolithic. Hockwold cum wilton [11].
---Archive: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Bronze Age. Hockwold-Cum-wilton [3].
---Archive: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Roman. Hockwold Cum Wilton [2].
---Secondary File: Secondary file.
<S1>Monograph: Wymer, J. J. and Bonsall, C. J. (eds). 1977. Gazetteer of Mesolithic Sites in England and Wales with a Gazetteer of Upper Palaeolithic Sites in England and Wales. Council for British Archaeology Research Report. No. 20. p 207.
<S2>Monograph: Healy, F. 1996. The Fenland Project, Number 11: The Wissey Embayment: Evidence for pre-Iron Age Occupation. East Anglian Archaeology. No 78. pp 15-23; Microfiche.
<S3>Monograph: Bamford, H. 1982. Beaker Domestic Sites in the Fen Edge and East Anglia. East Anglian Archaeology. No 16.
<S4>Illustration: Curtis, W.F. 1964. Drawing of an Early Bronze Age arrowhead.. Card. 1:1.
<S5>Archive: R. Jacobi. -. Jacobi Archive. 10271; 10371.

Related records

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5336Related to: Beaker bracer or arm guard (Find Spot)
5439Related to: Beaker finds (Find Spot)
5440Related to: Beaker finds (Find Spot)
5309Related to: Beaker occupation site (Monument)
5310Related to: Beaker occupation site (Monument)
5333Related to: Beaker occupation site (Monument)
24866Related to: Beaker occupation site (Site 8) (Monument)
5437Related to: Beaker pottery (Find Spot)
5364Related to: Beaker vessel (Find Spot)
5332Related to: Bronze Age hearth (Monument)
5441Related to: Neolithic and Beaker pottery (Find Spot)
14662Related to: Neolithic, Beaker and Bronze Age finds (Find Spot)
5311Related to: Neolithic, Bronze Age and Beaker pottery (Find Spot)
5312Related to: Neolithic, Bronze Age and Beaker pottery (Find Spot)
5324Related to: Site of Beaker hut or shelter, The Oaks (Monument)

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