Record Details

NHER Number:5304
Type of record:Find Spot
Name:Palaeolithic handaxes, Hockwold/Hockwold Fen (Hockwold cum Wilton, marginal)


At least two museums hold poorly-provenanced Palaeolithic flint handaxes from the Hockwold area. These included three in the British Museum Sturge Collection that are recorded as having been found in 'Hockwold Fen'. It is possible that these were actually from the Palaeolithic site at Shrub Hill, Feltwell (NHER 5292).

Images - none



Full description

At least two museums hold Palaeolithic handaxes that are recorded as having been recovered in or around Hockwold cum Wilton, but with little or no additional information regarding their provenance. A number of handaxes are however known to have been recovered from at site at Wilton (NHER 5303) and it is possible that at least some of the more poorly provenanced material was also recovered at or near this location.

The British Museum holds 3 handaxes that are recorded as being from Hockwold. These are amongst a collection of 5 handaxes in the Sturge Collection (2011,8109.736)- the other three being marked "Wilton" and recorded under NHER 5303. These objects are noted in (S1) and are the 3 unprovenanced handaxes from Hockwold listed by Roe (S2). They are recorded by (S3) as being from "Hockwold Fen", which is presumably the reason why they were listed as such by Wymer (S4). Wymer suggests that these handaxes may well have come from the quarry pits at Shrub Hill (Feltwell; NHER 5292). It is clear from Wymer's record cards (British Museum Wymer Archive) that these 3 handaxes were erroneous also including in totals that he gave in (S4) for material from the site at Wilton. At least two were found during the 1880s.

Roe (S3) also lists another unprovenanced handaxe from Hockwold that is held by the Nottingham University. This object is described in Wymer's records as sharp and broken, but was not included in (S4).

These finds are also listed in (S5) and (S6), although no additional information is given.

Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 17 November 2013 and 21 November 2014.

Monument Types

  • FINDSPOT (Lower Palaeolithic to Middle Palaeolithic - 500000 BC to 40001 BC)

Associated Finds

  • HANDAXE (Lower Palaeolithic to Middle Palaeolithic - 500000 BC to 40001 BC)
  • HANDAXE (Lower Palaeolithic to Middle Palaeolithic - 500000 BC to 40001 BC)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Archive: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
<S1>Publication: Smith, R. A. 1931. The Sturge Collection: an illustrated selection of flints from Britain bequeathed in 1919 by William Allen Sturge. pp 126-127.
<S2>Monograph: Roe, D. A. 1968. A Gazetteer of British Lower and Middle Palaeolithic Sites. CBA Research Report. No 8. p 233.
<S3>Archive: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Palaeolithic.
<S4>Publication: Wymer, J. J. 1985. Palaeolithic Sites of East Anglia. p 81.
<S5>Unpublished Document: Wessex Archaeology. 1996. The English Rivers Palaeolithic Project. Regions 9 (Great Ouse) and 12 (Yorkshire and the Lincolnshire Wolds). LLO-4, No. 32.
<S6>Website: TERPS online database. Site 23043.

Related records - none

Find out more...

Norfolk County Council logo Heritage Lottery Fund logo

Powered by HBSMR-web and the HBSMR Gateway from exeGesIS SDM Ltd, and mojoPortal CMS
© 2007 - 2019 Norfolk Historic Environment Service