Record Details

NHER Number:45329
Type of record:Monument
Name:Late Roman and Middle Saxon activity, Uplands

Summary

This site was the subject of an archaeological evaluation carried out by NAU Archaeology in 2006. A sequence of deposits related to the disuse of the defences of the Roman 'Saxon Shore' fort was recorded in section, as well as a Middle Saxon pit which contained large quantities of residual Late Roman pottery and other refuse. Several other features nearby were excavated which also produced Late Roman pottery but which may actually relate to Middle Saxon activity. An excavation between June and December 2008 revealed features including an early road surface predating the Roman rampart, two probable middle Saxon burials that may form the eastern edge of an intramural cemetery and a possible late Roman/middle Saxon building or fence line.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TG 51800 12415
Map Sheet:TG51SW
Parish:CAISTER ON SEA, GREAT YARMOUTH, NORFOLK

Full description

June 2006. Trial Trenching.
Evaluation of proposed development site located on the eastern side of the Roman 'Saxon Shore' fort at Caister on Sea.
Three trenches excavated. Contexts 1-67.
A sequence of deposits related to the disuse of the defences of the Roman 'Saxon Shore' fort was recorded in section.
Some dating material was extracted from the infill of one of the defensive ditches.
A Middle Saxon pit was found within the perimeters of the fort which contained large quantities of residual Late Roman pottery and other refuse.
Several other features nearby were excavated which also produced Late Roman pottery but which may actually relate to Middle Saxon activity.
See report (S1) and (S2) for further details. The results of this work are also summarised in (S3).
Note that deposits within these trenches were machined rather than hand excavated as intended - see newspaper article (S4).
J. Allen (NLA), 13 March 2007. Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 22 July 2015.

June-July 2008. Excavation.
Hand excavation of foundation trenches for two new residential dwellings and detached garage. Contexts from 100.
Features including an early road surface predating the Roman rampart, two probable middle Saxon burials that may form the eastern edge of an intramural cemetery and a possible late Roman/middle Saxon building or fence line were located during excavation. The recovery of flint artfacts including a blade, flakes and burnt flint indicate later Neolithic or possible Bronze Age activity within the vicinity. The pottery and ceramic building maerials recovered dated to the Roman and post-medieval periods. 36 Roman coins and a copper disc were found by metal detector survey of the features and spoil during the excavation. The condition was very poor and identification would only be possible using X-ray. A middle Saxon 'E' sceatta was also recovered.
See assessment report (S5) for further details.
See also (S6).
S. Howard (NLA), 9 December 2009.

A combined archive comprising material from both phases of archaeological work at this site has been deposited with the Norwich Castle Museum (NWHCM : 2017.111).
P. Watkins (HES), 18 May 2019.

Monument Types

  • ROAD (Late Prehistoric - 4000 BC to 42 AD?)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 3000 BC to 701 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • DITCH (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • GULLY (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • PIT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • RAMPART (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • WALL (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Saxon - 410 AD to 1065 AD)
  • POST HOLE (Saxon - 410 AD to 1065 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • INHUMATION (Middle Saxon to Late Saxon - 651 AD to 1065 AD)
  • PIT (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds

  • ANIMAL REMAINS (Unknown date)
  • OYSTER SHELL (Unknown date)
  • BURNT FLINT (Late Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 3000 BC to 701 BC?)
  • DEBITAGE? (Late Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 3000 BC to 701 BC)
  • FLAKE (Late Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 3000 BC to 701 BC?)
  • RETOUCHED FLAKE (Late Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 3000 BC to 701 BC)
  • POT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • ANIMAL REMAINS (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BRICK (Roman - 43 AD? to 409 AD?)
  • BROOCH (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • IMBREX (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • NAIL (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • QUERN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • RIDGE TILE? (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • RING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • TEGULA (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • TILE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • TILE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • XFIRED CLAY (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • HUMAN REMAINS (Saxon - 410 AD to 1065 AD?)
  • POT (Saxon - 410 AD to 1065 AD)
  • COIN (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • POT (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • FLAKE (Medieval - 1066 AD? to 1539 AD?)
  • BOTTLE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BUILDING MATERIAL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • NAIL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • POT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • ROOF TILE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Secondary File: Secondary File.
<S1>Unpublished Contractor Report: Crawley, P. 2007. An Archaeological Evaluation at Uplands, Uplands Avenue, Caister on Sea, Norfolk. NAU Archaeology. 1182.
<S2>Photograph: NAU Archaeology. 2006. LXN-LXP.
<S3>Article in Serial: Gurney, D. (ed.). 2007. Excavations and Surveys in Norfolk in 2006. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XLV Pt II pp 261-273. p 262.
<S4>Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 2007. Excavator blunder damages Roman site. 13 April.
<S5>Unpublished Contractor Report: Crawley, P. 2009. An Archaeological Excavation and Watching Brief at Uplands, Caister-on-Sea, Norfolk. Assessment Report and Updated Project Design (Amended). NAU Archaeology. 1878a.
<S6>Photograph: NAU Archaeology. 2008. MRV-MRZ.

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8675Part of: Caister on Sea Late Roman 'Saxon Shore' fort and Middle to Late Saxon cemetery (Monument)

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