Record Details

NHER Number:44502
Type of record:Monument
Name:Site of Roman settlement, A140 bypass

Summary

This site was the subject of an archaeological evaluation carried out by the NAU in 2003 in advance of the construction of a new bypass. The excavation revealed a 'dark earth' deposit, representing the demolished remains of a Roman settlement that straddled the Roman road on the line of the modern A140. Roman pottery, building materials and metal finds were recovered from the site, as well as evidence for metal working and possible workshops producing bone objects. Two metalled flint road surfaces were also uncovered, one of which may be the Roman road itself. Previously recorded under NHER 39671.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TM 19478 90680
Map Sheet:TM19SE
Parish:LONG STRATTON, SOUTH NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

May 2002. Desk-based Assessment and Walkover Survey.
Assessment of A140 Long Stratton Bypass preliminary route options.
See report (S1) for further details.
P. Watkins (HES), 4 June 2015.

September-October 2003. Trial Trenching.
Evaluation of site at southern end of proposed route of A140 Long Stratton Bypass (Trenches 1-22).
Revealed deposits of ‘dark earth’. This deposit comprised the demolished remains of Roman settlement and included quantities of Roman roof and floor tile and bricks. Midden-like rubbish deposits were also found containing animal bone, shell and large quantities of pottery. The animal bone recovered from the site included cut and chopped horn-cores which suggest the presence of work-shops in the area, producing combs, cups and spoons. Smithing slag was also present suggesting metal-working in the vicinity. Two trackways with metalled flint surfaces were also found, one is probably a ‘slip-road’ to probable settlement activity to the east, and the other may be the Roman road itself. To the east of these deposits dense concentrations of features were noted, including gullies, pits and ditches. These features probably represent the ‘back-yards’ of the settlement, with rubbish pits and small stock enclosures.
See report (S2) for further details. The results of this work are summarised in (S3).
The associated archive has been deposited with the Norwich Castle Museum (NWHCM : 2017.437).
Previously recorded under NHER 39671. See NHER 44503 for details of site investigated at northern end of proposed bypass route (Trenches 25-28).
S. Spooner (NLA), 8 May 2006. Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 8 June 2015 and 21 July 2019.

October/November 2003. Metal-detecting.
This site is a probable location of a Roman silvered furniture stud found during metal-detecting.
See NHER 39671 for further details.
P. Watkins (HES), 8 June 2015.

Monument Types

  • FINDSPOT (Prehistoric - 1000000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Early Bronze Age to Late Iron Age - 2350 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FLOOR (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • GULLY (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • HEARTH (Roman - 43 AD to 300 AD)
  • KILN (Roman - 43 AD to 300 AD)
  • LINEAR FEATURE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • PIT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • RUBBISH PIT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • SETTLEMENT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • DITCH (Roman - 50 AD to 250 AD)
  • POST HOLE (Roman - 50 AD to 250 AD)
  • TRACKWAY (Roman - 100 AD to 300 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds

  • BURNT FLINT (Unknown date)
  • RETOUCHED FLAKE (Lower Palaeolithic to Late Iron Age - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • CORE (Early Bronze Age to Late Iron Age - 2350 BC to 42 AD)
  • FLAKE (Early Bronze Age to Late Iron Age - 2350 BC to 42 AD)
  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Early Bronze Age to Late Iron Age - 2350 BC to 42 AD)
  • POT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • ANIMAL REMAINS (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • ANIMAL REMAINS (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • ARCHITECTURAL FRAGMENT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BRACELET (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BRACELET (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BRICK (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BROOCH (Roman - 43 AD to 100 AD)
  • GAMING PIECE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • HUMAN REMAINS (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • METAL WORKING DEBRIS (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • OYSTER SHELL (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • QUERN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • ROOF TILE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • STRAP END (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • TILE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • VESSEL (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 96 AD to 378 AD)
  • CHAFING DISH (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • COIN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

<S1>Unpublished Contractor Report: Penn, K. 2002. A140 Long Stratton Bypass Preliminary Route Options. Report on a Desktop Assessment and Preliminary Walkover Survey. Norfolk Archaeological Unit. 701.
<S2>Unpublished Contractor Report: Town, M. 2003. An Archaeological Evaluation at A140 Long Stratton Bypass, Norfolk. Norfolk Archaeological Unit. 872.
<S3>Article in Serial: Gurney, D. and Penn, K. 2004. Excavations and Surveys in Norfolk 2003. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XLIV Pt III pp 573-588.

Related records

12513Parent of: Multi-period finds (Find Spot)
25916Parent of: Multi-period finds (Find Spot)

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