Record Details

NHER Number:42180
Type of record:Monument
Name:Medieval or post medieval enclosure

Summary

A cropmark of a small sub oval enclosure, of medieval to post medieval date, is visible on aerial photographs. The location of this enclosure, on marshland that developed during the post Roman period, indicates that it is likely to be of medieval to post medieval date. It is similar to other small enclosures visible as earthworks on the marshland. It is likely that that this enclosure was a sheep cote, used to pen the animals overnight so that their manure could be collected. The manure was then transported to arable land elsewhere for use as fertiliser.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TG 47338 08304
Map Sheet:TG40NE
Parish:HALVERGATE, BROADLAND, NORFOLK

Full description

November 2005. Norfolk NMP.
A cropmark of a small enclosure, of medieval to post medieval date, is visible on aerial photographs (S1). This enclosure is located at TG 4733 0830. It has a sub oval plan defined by a narrow ditch and measures 14m by 10m externally. The location of this enclosure, on marshland that developed during the post Roman period, indicates that it is likely to be of medieval to post medieval date. It is similar to other small enclosures visible as earthworks on the marshland, with another one recorded 670m to the northwest (NHER 42179). Information from [1] suggests that these enclosures are probably sheep cotes. These small enclosures were used to pen sheep overnight so that their manure could be collected. The manure was then transported from the marshes for use as fertiliser on arable fields on the
‘upland’ (S2).
J. Albone (NMP), 28 November 2005.

Monument Types

  • CURVILINEAR ENCLOSURE (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • OVAL ENCLOSURE (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • SHEEP FOLD (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • STOCK ENCLOSURE (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds - none

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

<S1>Vertical Aerial Photograph: Ordnance Survey. 1970. OS/70351 173-4 20-SEP-1970.
<S2>Monograph: Williamson, T.. 1997. The Norfolk Broads: A Landscape History..

Related records - none

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