Record Details

NHER Number:40773
Type of record:Monument
Name:Norwich Provision Market

Summary

Excavations and a watching brief between 2004 and 2005 revealed three phases of remodelling of Norwich market place since its inception in the 11th century. This first occurred around 1400 and involved significant earth-movement, resulting in the loss of most earlier remains. The second phase was much more gradual, and included the encroachment of buildings into the market space. The final phase took place in the 1930s when the space in front of the new City Hall was cleared, including the demolition of many of the buildings that had encroached into the market place.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TG 22953 08498
Map Sheet:TG20NW
Parish:NORWICH, NORWICH, NORFOLK

Full description

September-October 2004. NAU evaluation. Contexts 1-107.
The results of the excavation suggest that Norwich market has undergone at least three campaigns of re-modellings since its inception in the 11th century. The first of these happened in around 1500 and perhaps coincided with the erection of the huge market cross which stood opposite Davey Place until 1732. Considerable amounts of soil must have been moved during this campaign and it is possible that this was used to infill the nearby valley of the Great Cockey. As a consequence of this earth-moving no archaeological remains pre-dating the later 1400s were encountered.
The second phase of remodelling was a great deal more gradual and saw the encroachment into the market place of permanent buildings. These destroyed much of the underlying archaeological remains, especially at the western end of the market.
The third phase of remodelling was undertaken during the 1930s during municipal arrangement of the space in front of the new City Hall. This swept away the buildings that had encroached on the edges of the market, and left the market as we know it today.
Finds recovered included an unusual copper alloy disc bearing an impression from a 14th century seal matrix and a late medieval or early post medieval pinners bone.
See (S1) and (S2) for further details.
See also (S7).
A. Cattermole (NLA) 12 December 2006.

January 2005. NAU watching brief on drains in Gentleman's Walk in advance of market redevelopment. From context 1000.
Although many of the deposits encountered had been disturbed by previous services the deeper areas of Trench 1 were observed to contain make-up deposits or colluvial fills of the Great Cockey Valley.
No archaeological finds were recovered.
See (S3) for further details.
See also (S6).
J. Allen (NLA), 17 February 2006.

February - November 2006. Strip, map and record, continuation of work undertaken in 2004.
Although documentary evidence suggests that the market was established in its current location by 1096 at the latest, very little archaeological evidence from this date has been identified. This may be due to frequent truncations of the market place, or to the nature of the early market place. Unless permenant stalls or structures had been constructed, few archaeological remains would have survived. A number of large quarry pits were identified and some may date from this period but are difficult to date. A small quantity of pottery from this period was recovered.
Remains of several cellars were uncovered along the western side of the site. One of these was built of stone cobbles bonded with lime motar and appeared to have been of early medieval construction. Other cellars incorporating brick barrel vaults were recorded. A door arch in the perpendicular style was recorded in one vault which indicates a sixteenth century date. A metalled track or holloway was recorded in section and was aligned north-east south- west.
The foundations of the market cross were discovered and consisted of an inner flint and brick wall and an external brick wall. A number of redbrick cellars were also recorded in various locations across site site, and have been interpreted as possible icehouses associated with the fish and meat markets in the 18th and 19th centuries.
See (S4) and (S5) for further information
H. White (NLA) 5 January 2008.

Monument Types

  • MARKET PLACE (Late Saxon to Modern - 1000 AD to 2050 AD)
  • CELLAR (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • HOLLOW WAY (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • MARKET (Medieval to Modern - 1066 AD to 2050 AD)
  • POST HOLE (Medieval - 1200 AD to 1399 AD)
  • PIT (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1400 AD to 1599 AD)
  • RUBBISH PIT (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1400 AD to 1599 AD)
  • MARKET CROSS (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1500 AD to 1732 AD)
  • BUILDING (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • WALL (Post Medieval to Modern - 1540 AD to 2050 AD)
  • CELLAR (Post Medieval - 1600 AD to 1899 AD)
  • DRAIN (Post Medieval - 1600 AD to 1899 AD)

Associated Finds

  • ANIMAL REMAINS (Unknown date)
  • CLOTH SEAL (Unknown date)
  • NAIL (Unknown date)
  • OYSTER SHELL (Unknown date)
  • QUERN (Unknown date)
  • BURNT FLINT (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • CORE (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FLAKE (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • ANIMAL REMAINS (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BRICK (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BUTTON (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BUTTON (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • JETTON (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • METAL WORKING DEBRIS (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • RING (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • RING (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • THIMBLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • TILE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • WASTE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • WEIGHT (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Medieval - 1300 AD to 1399 AD)
  • KNIFE (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1400 AD to 1599 AD)
  • PINNERS BONE (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1400 AD to 1599 AD)
  • ARCHITECTURAL FRAGMENT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BEAD (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BOTTLE (Post Medieval to Modern - 1540 AD to 2050 AD)
  • BRICK (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • CLOTH SEAL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • FLOOR TILE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • LACE TAG (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • PANTILE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • PIPE (SMOKING) (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • POT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • ROOF TILE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • SHOT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • TILE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • VESSEL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • WINDOW GLASS (Post Medieval to Modern - 1540 AD to 2050 AD)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Photograph: NAU Archaeology. 2005. MVQ-MVZ.
---Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 2010. At the centre of city life.. 2 September.
---Secondary File: Secondary file.
---Slide: Various. Slide.
<S1>Unpublished document: Shelley, A.. 2005. NAU Report No. 1004. An Archaeological Evaluation at Norwich Market, Norwich..
<S2>Photograph: KRF-KRH.
<S3>Unpublished document: Moss, N.. 2005. NAU Report No. 1042. An Archaeological Watching Brief at Gentleman's Walk, Norwich..
<S4>Unpublished document: Davies, D.. 2007. NAU Archaeology Report No. 1061. Norwich Provisions Market. Post Excavation Assessment Report and Updated Project Design..
<S5>Unpublished document: Boyle, M.. 2009. NAU Archaeology Report No. 1459. An Archaeological Strip, Map and Record Excavation at Norwich Provisions Market..
<S6>Article in serial: Gurney, D. and Penn, K. 2006. Excavations and Surveys in Norfolk in 2005. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XLV Pt I pp 124-136. p 131.
<S7>Article in serial: Gurney, D. and Penn, K. 2005. Excavations and Surveys in Norfolk in 2004. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XLIV Pt IV pp 751-763. p 759.

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