Record Details

NHER Number:4393
Type of record:Monument
Name:Probable Roman building, enclosures and trackway and multi-period finds

Summary

1976 aerial photography shows the cropmarks of a square enclosure and other smaller enclosures, ditches and a trackway. The large quantity of Roman finds recovered from the area since the 1950s, including coins and pottery fragments, indicate that the features observed from the air are Roman in date. Other finds include an Early Bronze Age pin and a medieval buckle.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TF 67 02
Map Sheet:TF60SE
Parish:WEST DEREHAM, WEST NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

Around 1955. Stray Find.
Found on ploughed field at [1] (Context 1):
Early Bronze Age 'Beaker-type' copper alloy double-spiral headed pin. See correspondence (S1), illustration (S2) and photographs (S3) in file.
Donated to Norwich Castle Museum in 1974 (NWHCM : 1974.556).
Information from (S4).
Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 9 August 2018.

1957. Roman coins, pottery found.
1973. Roman building uncovered. Also Iron Age sherd.
1976. Roman cropmark complex recorded.

1 July 1976. Ordnance Survey air photograph.
Square enclosure.
D. Voisey (NLA), 2 February 1995.

1979. Metal-detecting.
Found at [2]:
Small copper alloy object. See drawing (S5).
Found at [3]:
Fragment of copper alloy brooch. See drawing (S6).
Initial identifications by R. Trett (KLM). T. Gregory suggested the first object may be part of a medieval buckle (judging from the drawing).
Information from (S7).
Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 9 August 2018.

1982. Roman sherds found.
See full details and finds drawings in file.
See both 6 inch and 25 inch overlays.
E. Rose (NAU), 26 July 1990.

April 2000. Surface finds.
Identified by D. Gurney (NLA).
Samian form Dr 37. Body sherd, with ovolos above rectangular panel defined by small bead-rows top and sides. Lion, or boar, small soldier(?) with shield and sword crouched below, human figure to right. Probably South Gaulish (late). ?late 1st/early 2nd century.
A. Rogerson, 6 June 2000.

Monument Types

  • FINDSPOT (Early Bronze Age to Early Saxon - 2350 BC to 650 AD)
  • BUILDING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • DITCH (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • LINEAR FEATURE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • RECTANGULAR ENCLOSURE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • SITE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • TRACKWAY (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)

Associated Finds

  • (Undated)
  • BEAD (Undated)
  • PIN (Beaker - 2300 BC to 1700 BC)
  • POT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • ARCHITECTURAL FRAGMENT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BRICK (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BROOCH (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • DISC (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • KILN FURNITURE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • QUERN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • TILE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • VESSEL (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)

Protected Status

  • SHINE

Sources and further reading

---Aerial Photograph: OS AP 76.124.424, Unit TF6702E-H; TF 6702 L-N.
---Serial: 1957. Council for British Archaeology Group 7 Bulletin of Archaeological Discoveries. No 4. p 2.
---Serial: 1971. Council for British Archaeology Group 7 Bulletin of Archaeological Discoveries for 1971. No 18. p 5.
---Aerial Photograph: OS 76-124-423.
---Aerial Photograph: OS 76-124-424.
---Aerial Photograph: OS 76-124-425.
---Publication: Clarke, D. L. 1970. Beaker Pottery of Great Britain and Ireland. Vol 2.
---Record Card: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
---Monograph: Phillips, C.W.. 1970. The Fenland in Roman times: studies of a major area of peasant colonization with a gazetteer covering all known sites and finds.. p 330.
---Record Card: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Iron Age. Dereham (West).
---Record Card: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Roman. Dereham (West) [3].
---Secondary File: Secondary File.
---Record Card: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Miscellaneous. Dereham, West.
<S1>Correspondence: Alcock, L., University College, Cardiff. 1972. Letter to B. green (NCM). 27 November.
<S2>Illustration: Milligan, W. 1974. Drawing of a Early Bronze Age 'Beaker-type' copper alloy double-spiral headed pin. Card. 1:1.
<S3>Photograph: NLA. Finds Photograph.
<S4>Record Card: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Neolithic. Dereham (West).
<S5>Illustration: Trett, R. 1979. Drawing of a ?medieval copper alloy buckle fragment. Paper. 1:1.
<S6>Illustration: Trett, R. 1979. Drawing of a copper alloy brooch fragment. Paper. 1:1.
<S7>Collection: Norfolk Historic Environment Record Staff. 1975-[2000]. HER Record Notes. Norfolk Historic Environment Service.

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