Record Details

NHER Number:37411
Type of record:Monument
Name:St Anne's Wharf

Summary

St Anne's Wharf is situated on a bend in the River Wensum just to the east of King Street, and partially cuts the medieval Austin Friary district to the north. Excavation on this site has resulted in contradictory evidence, but a large amount of medieval activity is believed to have taken place on an unaltered river margin. Land reclamation was clearly noted, though whether it was undertaken during the late period of the Friary, or in the early post medieval period is unclear.

Later evidence also includes the presence of the post medieval form garden laid out by Henry Howard in 1664, who lived nearby in Howard House (NHER 741), as well as the remains of a post medieval warehouse. The presence of Victorian industrial structures and housing were also noted.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TG 23612 08205
Map Sheet:TG20NW
Parish:NORWICH, NORWICH, NORFOLK

Full description

October to November 2002. NAU evaluation. Area includes part of NHER 374, 449, 554 and 26536.
Contexts 1-183 used.
Six trenches were excavated at Old Barge Yard and St Anne's Wharf, Norwich.
Victorian industrial structures were exposed. Excavations revealed the scale of the land reclamation exercise carried out by the Austin Friars in the 16th century and also remains relating to a post-medieval formal garden and Victorian housing.
Remains of a post-medieval warehouse were also found.
Although a small amount of prehistoric and Roman material was recovered from the base of one of the trenches, the majority of evidence was retrieved from later periods.
Medieval activity took place on a relatively unaltered river margin. A sizeable episode of land reclamation then took place, probably in the early post-medieval period and remains of post-medieval and Victorian buildings were found.
See (S1) and (S2) for further details.
See also (S4).
M. Horlock (NLA), 11 March 2003.

March-April 2003. NAU watching brief.
Contexts 184-186 used.
A total of eighteen test-pits were machine or hand excavated at locations within the re-development footprint. The majority had little impact on archaeological deposits.
A wall was recorded which appears to be a remnant of the formal post medieval gardens associated with Howard House, a 17th-century building. A dark soil revealed by test-pits also appears to have been associated with this garden.
Test-pits within the basement of Howard House and further test-pits in proximity to Dragon Hall have confirmed that significant archaeological deposits are present at these locations.
Flint and mortar post medieval wall, also in NHER 374.
See (S3) for further details.
A. Cattermole (NLA), 10 May 2004.

Monument Types

  • FINDSPOT (Early Mesolithic to Early Neolithic - 10000 BC to 3001 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Prehistoric - 4000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • DITCH (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • LAND RECLAMATION (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1500 AD? to 1900 AD?)
  • BOUNDARY DITCH (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • FLOOR (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • PIT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • POST HOLE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • ROBBER TRENCH (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • TRENCH (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • WALL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • WAREHOUSE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • WELL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • GARDEN (Post Medieval - 1664 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds

  • ANIMAL REMAINS (Unknown date)
  • BLADE (Unknown date)
  • NAIL (Unknown date)
  • BURNT FLINT (Prehistoric - 500000 BC? to 42 AD?)
  • CORE (Early Mesolithic to Early Neolithic - 10000 BC to 3001 BC)
  • CRESTED BLADE (Early Mesolithic to Early Neolithic - 10000 BC to 3001 BC)
  • FLAKE (Early Mesolithic to Early Neolithic - 10000 BC to 3001 BC)
  • BLADE (Late Prehistoric - 4000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FLAKE (Late Prehistoric - 4000 BC to 42 AD)
  • RETOUCHED FLAKE (Late Prehistoric - 4000 BC to 42 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • ARCHITECTURAL FRAGMENT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BRICK (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • SHOE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • TILE (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • ARCHITECTURAL FRAGMENT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BOTTLE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • CLAY PIPE (SMOKING) (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • POT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • WINDOW GLASS (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Secondary File: Secondary file.
<S1>Unpublished Document: Percival, J.. 2002. NAU Report No. 768. Interim report on an archaeological evaluation at Old Barge Yard and St Anne's Wharf, Norwich, Norfolk..
<S2>Unpublished Document: Percival, J. & Shelley, A.. 2003. NAU Report No. 780. Report on an Archaeological Evaluation at Old Barge Yard and St. Anne's Wharf, Norwich..
<S3>Unpublished Document: Adams, D.. 2003. NAU Report No. 830. Report on an archaeological watching brief at St Anne's Wharf, Norwich..
<S4>Article in Serial: Gurney, D. and Penn, K. (eds). 2003. Excavations and Surveys in Norfolk, 2002. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XLIV Pt II pp 368-384. p 377.

Related records

374Part of: Austin Friary Precinct, King Street, Norwich (Monument)
741Part of: Howard's House, No 97 King Street (Building)

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