Record Details

NHER Number:35988
Type of record:Monument
Name:Early Saxon inhumation cemetery and multi-period finds

Summary

Metal-detecting between 2001 and 2013 recovered Iron Age, Roman and medieval coins as well as undated, Iron Age to medieval/post-medieval metal objects. The metal finds include an undated nail, ring, copper alloy casting waste and metalworking debris; a Late Iron Age/Roman brooch; Roman brooches, a nail cleaner and finger ring; Early Saxon brooches, pendants, dress fittings and a fitting from a bucket; a Middle Saxon pin; a Middle/Late Saxon strap-end; medieval to post-medieval dress accessories and a medieval suspension loop from a lamp or censer.
The number and type of Early Saxon finds recovered suggests that there is an Early Saxon inhumation cemetery on the site.

Images

  • Early Saxon girdle hanger rom 35988  © Norfolk County Council
  • Middle Saxon/Late Saxon strap end from NHER 35988  © Norfolk County Council

Location

Grid Reference:Not displayed
Map Sheet:TF70NW
Parish:SHOULDHAM, WEST NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

Mid January 2001. King's Lynn Metal Detector club.
One Iron Age coin.
One Roman coin (pierced).
Roman, Early Saxon, Middle Saxon, medieval and undatable metal finds.
The Early Saxon material is indicative of a predominantly inhumation cemetery.
A. Rogerson (NLA) 4 March 2001.

April 2002. Metal detecting.
Intense search of area of previous finds.
Undatable piece of casting waste, 27 x 28mm, weighing 19.05g/0.67oz.
Identification by S. J. Ashley (NLA).
A. Rogerson (NLA) 30 May 2002.

November 2012-February 2013. Metal-detecting. [1].
Undatable copper alloy ring with lozengiform section.
Early Saxon girdle hanger.
Middle/Late Saxon strap-end.
Information from PAS import.
P. Watkins (HES), 1 May 2013.

February-July 2013. Metal-detecting. Site extended 66m to the east.
Finds identified by HES but not recorded on the PAS database:
7 Roman copper alloy coins.
1 medieval silver coin.
Finds recorded on the PAS database [2]:
Late Iron Age/Roman brooch.
Roman brooch, nail cleaner and copper alloy finger ring.
Medieval buckles, suspension loop and strap ends.
Medieval/post-medieval button.
Undatable copper alloy casting waste.
Information from PAS import. See finder's map in file.
A. Beckham (HES) and A. Rogerson (HES), 10 July 2013.

(S1) - PAS details to follow.
J. Richards (HES), 19 February 2018.

Monument Types

  • FINDSPOT (Early Iron Age to Roman - 800 BC to 409 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Early Saxon - 410 AD to 650 AD)
  • INHUMATION CEMETERY (Early Saxon - 410 AD to 650 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Middle Saxon to Late Saxon - 651 AD to 1065 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval to 19th Century - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds

  • CASTING WASTE (Unknown date)
  • METAL WORKING DEBRIS (Unknown date)
  • NAIL (Unknown date)
  • RING (Unknown date)
  • COIN (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • BROOCH (Late Iron Age to Roman - 20 AD to 75 AD)
  • BROOCH (Roman - 43 AD to 100 AD)
  • BROOCH (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • NAIL CLEANER (Roman - 43 AD to 100 AD)
  • FINGER RING (Roman - 200 AD to 400 AD)
  • BROOCH (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • BUCKET (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • PENDANT (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • SLEEVE CLASP (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • GIRDLE HANGER (Early Saxon - 480 AD to 550 AD)
  • PIN (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • STRAP END (Middle Saxon to Late Saxon - 800 AD to 900 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • CENSER (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • LAMP (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BUCKLE (12th Century to 13th Century - 1200 AD to 1300 AD)
  • BUCKLE (12th Century to 14th Century - 1200 AD to 1400 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (12th Century to 14th Century - 1200 AD to 1400 AD)
  • BUCKLE (13th Century to 14th Century - 1300 AD to 1400 AD)
  • STRAP END (13th Century to 14th Century - 1300 AD to 1400 AD)
  • STRAP END (13th Century to 15th Century - 1300 AD to 1450 AD)
  • BUTTON (15th Century to 16th Century - 1500 AD to 1600 AD)

Protected Status

  • SHINE

Sources and further reading

---Photograph: I & RS. Digital finds image.
---Map: Finder's Map..
---Secondary File: Secondary File.
---Photograph: 2001. LFY 12, Early Saxon brooch fragment..
---Photograph: 2001. LFY 13, Early Saxon wrist clasp..
---Photograph: 2001. LFY 14-17, Early Saxopn brooch back plate..
<S1>Illustration: Gibbons, J. 2017. Drawing of Late Saxon strap end. Find Illustration. Film. 2:1.

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