Record Details

NHER Number:3953
Type of record:Monument
Name:Bronze Age ring ditch and multi-period finds

Summary

A probable Bronze Age ring ditch is visible on aerial photographs. Neolithic and Early Bronze Age flint implements were recovered from the area in 1934 and Neolithic pottery fragments in 1963. Metal-detecting and fieldwalking between 1985 and 2012 have recovered a range of objects including prehistoric flints; pottery fragments from the Neolithic period onwards; Late Iron Age, Roman, medieval and post-medieval coins and metal objects from the Bronze Age and Late Iron Age to post-medieval periods. The coin finds include a Late Iron Age coin hoard comprising four East Anglian silver units (one a plated copy with a copper alloy core). The other metal finds include a Late Iron Age/Early Roman brooch and toggle; Roman brooches; an Early Saxon sleeve clasp and toggle; a Middle to Late Saxon/early medieval hooked tag; Late Saxon silver bell fragments and medieval dress accessories.

Images

  • Roman brooch  © Norfolk County Council
  • Medieval strap end  © Norfolk County Council
  • Late Saxon bell  © Norfolk County Council

Location

Grid Reference:Not displayed
Map Sheet:TF71SE
Parish:SOUTHACRE, BRECKLAND, NORFOLK
WESTACRE, WEST NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

Before 1934. From seven fields (as outlined on map, some now amalgamated).
Neolithic and Early Bronze Age flint implements.
(NCM card by R. R. Clarke (NCM)).

1970s. Context 1 at (see Notes).
Ring ditch on Ordnance Survey aerial photograph (S1).
Information from A. J. Lawson (NAU).
During 1997 fieldwalking. Source [1] notes an old in filled pit in this approximate area. Is this the same?
E. Rose (NLA) 11 July 1997.

May 1963. Context 2 at (see Notes).
Neolithic pottery.
Information from KLM 1in record map.
E. Rose (NLA) 1 December 1981.

19 April 1976. Ordnance Survey aerial photography. Context 11 at (see Notes).
Positive cropmarks/soil marks.
Ring ditch (rather a vague soil mark).
D. Voisey (NLA) 26 January 1995.

September 1986. Found with metal detector at [2]. Context 3.
Bronze cylindrical hollow cast object, oval hole in long side, decorated with seven triplets of grooves.
Undated. Identified by S. Margeson (NCM).
A. Rogerson (NAU), October 1986.

'About 20 years' before 1990. Context 4.
Socketed axe and lump of molten bronze found.
Stated to have been identified by [1]. Information from [2].
E. Rose (NLA), 24 July 1991

September 1992. Metal detecting. At context 1 or slightly to north.
Early Saxon brooch, see description in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 3 November 1992.

September - October 1992. General finds in north part of field.
Roman coins and brooches, general finds.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 12 January 1993.

February 1993. Context 5.
Roman and medieval pottery in roughly defined area found while metal detecting.
Medieval and Roman coins.
Roman finger-ring.
See details in file. Finds NCM.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 19 March 1993.

March 1996. Metal detecting.
One Roman, one medieval coin.
See lists in file with grid references.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 3 May 1996.

1996. Fieldwalking survey by [1]. Survey field 10.
Context 6.
Roman concentration with slag and coin.
Iron Age, Late Saxon, medieval, post medieval sherds.
See full details in file.
E. Rose (NLA), 22 July 1996.

21 November 1996.Context 6 Fieldwalking by source [1].
Roman sherds, tile, brick. Slag.
See lists and sketch plan in file.
E. Rose (NLA), 3 January 1997.

22 January 1997. Further fieldwalking.
Roman and medieval pottery and tile.
See details in file.
E. Rose (NLA), 12 May 1997.

22 January 1997. Fieldwalking of Context 7 (see Notes) by [1].
Worked flints.
Iron Age, Roman, medieval, post medieval sherds.
Roman tile, quern, slag.
Details in file.
E. Rose (NLA), 14 May 1997.

1997. Fieldwalking finds; finder's fields 38 and 58 (contexts 8 and 9).
Flints.
Beaker/Neolithic/Bronze Age pottery.
Iron Age, Roman, medieval, post medieval pottery.
Roofing tile.
See full list and plans in file.
E. Rose (NLA), 11 July 1997.

8 May 1998. Finder's field 90. Context 10.
Fieldwalking finds.
Iron Age, Roman, medieval sherds.
Flints.
See full details in file.
E. Rose (NLA), July 1998.

Before 26 February 2007. Metal detecting.
12 Roman, 9 medieval and 7 post medieval coins. Medieval/post medieval token and coin weight, post medieval token, coin weight and jetton.
Romano-British, Early Saxon, Middle Saxon (S2), Late Saxon, medieval (S3) and post medieval metal objects.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 24 April 2007.

Before 22 March 2007. Metal detecting.
4 Roman and 1 Medieval coin.
Late Bronze Age (S4), Romano-British, Early, Middle and Late Saxon, medieval and post medieval metal objects.
Late Saxon sherd and medieval sherd, 1 medieval jetton.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 18 May 2007.

Report from British museum on silver annular brooch reported as treasure case 2007 T215 added to file.
E. Darch (NLA) 13 July 2007.

Before 25 January 2008. Metal detecting.
Five Roman coins, Romano-British and medieval metal objects.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 18 March 2008.

Before 7 December 2011. Metal-detecting.
Twenty-one Roman, nine medieval and two post-medieval coins, Late Iron Age/Roman, Roman, Middle Saxon/Late Saxon, medieval, medieval/post-medieval, post-medieval and undatable metal objects.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (HES), 15 March 2012.

Before 15 March 2012. Metal-detecting.
One Late Iron Age, one Roman, one medieval and one post-medieval coin, and one post-medieval jetton.
A. Marsden (HES), 1 May 2012.

Before 22 May 2012. Metal-detecting. [2].
Late Iron Age coin hoard of four Iceni silver coins. These include three East Anglian pattern-horse silver units and a plated copy of an uninscribed East Anglian silver unit of regular Face/Horse type. Information on coin hoard from PAS import.
Medieval harness mount. See description in file.
A. Rogerson (HES), 29 October 2012. Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 1 May 2013.

July-November 2012. Metal-detecting. [3].
Late Iron Age/Roman Colchester-type one-piece brooch and toggle.
14 Roman coins and a brooches.
Early Saxon sleeve clasp and girdle hanger.
Middle to Late Saxon/early medieval hooked tag.
Late Saxon silver bell fragments.
2 medieval coins, buckles, strap-ends, a probable belt fitting and a bar mount.
1 post-medieval token.
Information from PAS import.
A. Beckham (HES), 5 February 2013.

April 2013.
The fragments of Late Anglo-Saxon silver bell found November 2012 and reported as treasure case 2013 T80, were declared Treasure at inquest 15 April 2013.
E. Darch (HES), 23 April 2013.

19 August 2013.
The hoard of four Iron Age coins found before May 2012 and reported as treasure case 2012T377, was declared 'Treasure' at inquest.
4 September 2013.

13 March 2014.
The hoard of four Iron Age coins found before May 2012 and reported as treasure case 2012T377, was acquired by Norfolk Museums Service.
14 April 2014.

Monument Types

  • FINDSPOT (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • RING DITCH (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Iron Age - 100 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Iron Age to Roman - 100 BC to 409 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Middle Saxon to Medieval - 651 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds

  • CASTING WASTE (Unknown date)
  • METAL WORKING DEBRIS (Undated)
  • QUERN (Undated)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Undated)
  • KNIFE (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • POT (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • POT (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • METAL WORKING DEBRIS (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • POT (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • SOCKETED AXEHEAD (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • POT (Beaker - 2300 BC to 1700 BC)
  • COIN HOARD (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • POT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • BROOCH (Late Iron Age to Roman - 100 BC to 409 AD)
  • TOGGLE (Late Iron Age to Roman - 100 BC to 100 AD)
  • COIN (Late Iron Age to Roman - 10 AD to 43 AD)
  • BROOCH (Late Iron Age to Roman - 20 AD to 75 AD)
  • COIN HOARD (Late Iron Age to Roman - 20 AD to 50 AD)
  • BRACELET (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BRICK (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BROOCH (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BROOCH (Roman - 43 AD to 75 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINGER RING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • HAIR PIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • HARNESS FITTING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • HARNESS MOUNT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • ROOF TILE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • STRAP END (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • TILE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 69 AD to 192 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 69 AD to 81 AD)
  • BROOCH (Roman - 80 AD to 160 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 172 AD to 180 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 180 AD to 192 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 196 AD to 270 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 218 AD to 222 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 222 AD to 228 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 269 AD to 271 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 271 AD to 274 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 273 AD to 274 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 275 AD to 280 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 275 AD to 286 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 320 AD to 324 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 330 AD to 335 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 335 AD to 348 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 335 AD to 348 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 335 AD to 348 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 348 AD to 350 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 348 AD to 355 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 350 AD to 351 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 351 AD to 353 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 351 AD to 354 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 353 AD to 361 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 353 AD to 364 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 353 AD to 364 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 353 AD to 364 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 364 AD to 378 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 364 AD to 378 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 364 AD to 378 AD)
  • BROOCH (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • SLEEVE CLASP (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • GIRDLE HANGER (Early Saxon - 500 AD to 550 AD)
  • SLEEVE CLASP (Early Saxon - 500 AD to 530 AD)
  • BROOCH (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • FURNITURE FITTING (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • HARNESS MOUNT (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • HOOKED TAG (Middle Saxon to Late Saxon - 651 AD to 1065 AD)
  • STRAP END (Middle Saxon to Late Saxon - 651 AD to 1065 AD)
  • TWEEZERS (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • HOOKED TAG (Middle Saxon to Medieval - 700 AD to 1100 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • HARNESS FITTING (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • POT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • BELL (Late Saxon - 900 AD to 1000 AD)
  • AMPULLA (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BOOK FITTING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BROOCH (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BROOCH (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • CHAFING DISH (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN WEIGHT (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • FINGER RING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FURNITURE FITTING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FURNITURE FITTING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FURNITURE FITTING (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • HARNESS MOUNT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • JETTON (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • KEY (LOCKING) (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • KEY (LOCKING) (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • KNIFE (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • LEASH (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • MOUNT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • ROOF TILE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • SCABBARD (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • SPINDLE WHORL (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • SPUR (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STRAP END (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • THIMBLE (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • TOKEN (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • VESSEL (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • WEIGHT (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1180 AD to 1185 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval - 1200 AD to 1400 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval - 1200 AD to 1400 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1203 AD to 1210 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1203 AD to 1216 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1213 AD to 1215 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1218 AD to 1222 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1244 AD to 1247 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1251 AD to 1272 AD)
  • STRAP END (Medieval - 1300 AD to 1400 AD)
  • STRAP END (Medieval - 1300 AD to 1400 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Medieval - 1300 AD to 1400 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Medieval - 1300 AD to 1400 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1305 AD to 1306 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1305 AD to 1306 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1307 AD to 1309 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1307 AD to 1314 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1377 AD to 1399 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BUTTON (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • CLOTH SEAL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN WEIGHT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • DRESS FASTENER (DRESS) (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • DRESS FASTENER (DRESS) (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • FINGER RING (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • FURNITURE FITTING (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • HARNESS MOUNT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • HOOKED TAG (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • JETTON (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • MOUNT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • POT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • PURSE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • ROWEL SPUR (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • SEAL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • SPOON (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • SPUR (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • SPUR (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • SWORD BELT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • TOKEN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • WEIGHT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • WEIGHT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN (Post Medieval - 1561 AD to 1561 AD)
  • COIN (Post Medieval to Unknown - 1567 AD)
  • JETTON (Post Medieval - 1586 AD to 1635 AD)
  • COIN (Post Medieval - 1634 AD to 1636 AD)
  • TOKEN (Post Medieval - 1670 AD to 1670 AD)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Aerial Photograph: Ordnance Survey. OS AP 76 020 182.
---Aerial Photograph: OS 76-020-181.
---Aerial Photograph: OS 76-020-183.
---Photograph: NLA. Finds Photograph.
---Photograph: I & RS. Digital finds image.
---Photograph: I&RS. Finds Polaroid. Polaroid.
---Archive: Ordnance Survey Staff. 1933-1979?. Ordnance Survey Record Cards. TF 72 SE 18.
---Archive: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Neolithic. South acre.
---Secondary File: Secondary file.
---Photograph: EXG 11-12.
<S1>Aerial Photograph: OS 76-020-182.
<S2>Illustration: Gibbons, J.. 2007. Drawing of a Middle Saxon possible harness mount/furniture fitting.. Film. 2:1.
<S3>Illustration: Gibbons, J.. 2007. Drawing of a medieval furniture fitting.. Film. 2:1.
<S4>Illustration: Gibbons, J.. 2007. Drawing of two Late Bronze Age awls.. Film. 2:1.

Related records - none

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