Record Details

NHER Number:3602
Type of record:Monument
Name:Site of medieval moat and multi-period finds

Summary

A medieval moat, trackways and other features, including a possible structure, are visible as cropmarks on aerial photographs. Metal-detecting and field walking between 1989 and 2012 has recovered a Lower Palaeolithic handaxe, coins dating from the Iron Age to the post-medieval period and pottery dating from the Late Saxon to the post-medieval period. Roman, Early Saxon, Middle Saxon, Late Saxon, medieval, medieval/post-medieval and post-medieval metal finds have also been recovered including a Roman lock pin; harness pendant and seal box lid; Early Saxon wrist clasp; Late Saxon stirrup-strap mount; medieval strap-ends; medieval/post-medieval buckles and post-medieval lead alloy button.

Images

  • Late Saxon stirrup strap mount from NHER 3602  © Norfolk County Council
  • Early Bronze Age flat axe from NHER 3602  © Norfolk County Council

Location

Grid Reference:Not displayed
Map Sheet:TF72SW
Parish:GRIMSTON, WEST NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

31 January 1946, June 1974, July 1977, September 1978. RAF and NAU aerial photographs.
Trapezoidal ?moat and outworks as cropmarks. See (S1) and (S2).
First noted by R. R. Clarke (NAU) from RAF verticals, later photographed by D. A. Edwards (NAU).
Compilation of (S3), and cards by D. A. Edwards which had become confused with site NHER 3603.
E. Rose (NAU) 9 June 1981.

List of aerial photographs in file.

1989. Off Massingham Road. Metal-detecting and fieldwalking.
Grimston/Thetford type ware sherds.
Late Saxon copper alloy cheek piece off bridle.
Lead pot mend with GGG sherd.
GGG sherds and Raeren stoneware.
Beautiful purse bar/swivel with niello inlay.
Copper alloy buckle plate, circular 'rosette' stamp in centre, 2 rivets.
Post medieval double looped buckle.
Rumbler bell with WG.
Copper alloy skillet leg.
Lead 'domed' object.
Lead 'bullet' shaped object.
Large strong copper alloy sheet with 4 rivet holes (much scratched in several directions).
All (S4) except pottery.
Identified by S. Margeson (NCM), 1989.
W. Milligan (NCM), 27 June 1989.

August 1992. Metal-detecting finds.
Medieval coins, jetton, metalwork.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NAU), 5 October 1992.

January 1993. Metal-detecting finds.
Strap end buckle with hooked terminal, copper alloy pin, square terminal, pierced hole for rivet, faint rocker arm decoration, projecting hook. Oval frame 14th century.
Nice shaped lug from cauldron, fragment of. Medieval, copper alloy.
13th century belt stiffener, copper alloy. Half round barrel, decorated with rows of square pellets and a lobe at each end; each with attachment shank on reverse.
Medieval 14th century lovely buckle, elaborate, with projecting convex lobes forming outer frame, with 2 bars between lobes. Forms a kind of trefoil. Rest of frame on each side of pin is also moulded and foliate. Pin looped over bar. Photographed.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 1 March 1993.

1993. Metal-detecting finds.
Copper alloy double ended awl of round section, blunted points, length 75.
?Date.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 5 April 1993.

February 1994. Metal-detecting find.
Medieval jetton.
See list in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 31 March 1994.

22 July 1993. NLA air photography.
Moat ditch and linear features visible as cropmarks, including double ditched track/road.
M. Brennand (NLA), 8 February 2001.

25 July 1996. NLA air photography.
Cropmarks of moated enclosures, linears and trackways still visible.
A sub-rectangular positive anomaly is present to the western edge of the site. It may be a sunken floored feature or a structure of some sort.
S. Massey (NLA), 22 November 2001.

February 2002. Metal-detecting.
Post-medieval book clasp.
Undatable ring.
See list in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 1 April 2002.

Before 4 April 2005. Metal-detecting.
Roman, Middle Saxon, medieval and post-medieval metal objects.
See list in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 12 June 2005.

Before 4 July 2005. Metal-detecting.
Two Iron Age coins, and four post-medieval coins.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 15 September 2005.

The cropmarks of the trapezoidal enclosure as well as several linear and double-ditched features show exceptionally clearly on (S5).
J. Albone (NLA), 22 December 2009.

Pre 24 Jan 2011. Metal-detecting.
1 Lower Palaeolithic flint handaxe. Found at [1]. Identified by P. Robins (NCM).
2 Iron Age coins.
4 Roman coins, 1 Dolphin brooch and 1 seal box lid.
1 Late Saxon buckle frame and 1 stirrup strap mount (S6)
1 medieval coin, 1 pottery sherd (glazed Grimston), 6 buckles, 3 strap-ends, 1 strap loop and 1 furniture fitting.
2 medieval/post-medieval buckles, 1 thimble, 2 copper alloy cooking vessel fragments and 1 lead weight.
2 post-medieval coins, 2 buckles, 1 lead alloy button, 2 harness mounts and 3 lead cloth seals.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (HES), 14 June 2011. Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 8 December 2013.

November-December 2011. Metal-detecting.
Early Bronze Age flat axehead (S7), Roman, Early Saxon, medieval and post-medieval metal objects, one medieval and four post-medieval coins.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (HES), 9 January 2012.

December 2011-January 2012. Metal-detecting.
Post-medieval strap fitting.
See lists in file.
S. Ashley (HES), 30 January 2012.

February 2015. Metal-detecting. Site extended to northern field boundary. [2].
KLMD022015 - PAS details to follow.
A. Beckham (HES), 24 February 2015.

Monument Types

  • FINDSPOT (Unknown date)
  • SITE (Unknown date)
  • STRUCTURE (Unknown date)
  • FINDSPOT (Lower Palaeolithic - 500000 BC to 150001 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Early Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 1501 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • LINEAR FEATURE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • MOAT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • ROAD (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STRUCTURE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • TRACKWAY (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds

  • AWL (Undated)
  • RING (Unknown date)
  • HANDAXE (Lower Palaeolithic to Middle Palaeolithic - 500000 BC to 40001 BC)
  • FLAT AXEHEAD (Early Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 1501 BC)
  • COIN (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • COIN (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • COIN (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • BROOCH (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BROOCH (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • DOLPHIN BROOCH (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • HARNESS MOUNT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • HARNESS PENDANT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • LOCK (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • SEAL BOX (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • SLEEVE CLASP (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • PIN (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • HARNESS (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • POT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • STIRRUP STRAP MOUNT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • BALANCE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • CAULDRON (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FURNITURE FITTING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • KEYHOLE FITTING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • PURSE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • PURSE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • SCABBARD (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • SEAL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STRAP END (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STRAP END (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • THIMBLE (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • TOKEN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • VESSEL (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • WEIGHT (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1279 AD to 1280 AD)
  • JETTON (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1500 AD? to 1584 AD)
  • BELL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BOOK FITTING (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BUTTON (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • CLOTH SEAL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • CLOTH SEAL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • HARNESS MOUNT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • HARNESS MOUNT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • PURSE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • SKILLET (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN (Post Medieval - 1553 AD to 1561 AD)
  • COIN (Post Medieval - 1553 AD to 1561 AD)
  • COIN (Post Medieval - 1553 AD to 1561 AD)
  • COIN (Post Medieval - 1649 AD to 1660 AD)

Protected Status

  • SHINE

Sources and further reading

---Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.A. (NLA). 1993. TF 7222AEW - AEY.
---Photograph: NLA. Finds Photograph.
---Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.A. (NLA). 1996. TF 7222AEZ - AFB.
---Photograph: I & RS. Digital finds image.
---Archive: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
---Photograph: 1993. LFP 14-15, Medieval buckle..
---Archive: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Medieval. Grimston.
---Secondary File: Secondary file.
<S1>Oblique Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.A.. 1975. TF 7222A-C 21-JUL-1975.
<S2>Oblique Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.A.. 1974. TF 7222G-H 21-JUN-1974.
<S3>Archive: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
<S4>Photograph: I&RS. Finds Polaroid. Polaroid.
<S5>Vertical Aerial Photograph: Infoterra Ltd and Bluesky. 2006. Infoterra Ltd and Bluesky 11-SEP-2006 (TF 7236 2254).
<S6>Illustration: Gibbons, J.. 2011. Drawing of a Late Saxon stirrup-strap mount.. Film. 2:1.
<S7>Illustration: Gibbons, J.. 2011. Drawing of an Early Bronze Age copper alloy flat axe.. Film. 1:1.

Related records - none

Find out more...

Norfolk County Council logo Heritage Lottery Fund logo

Powered by HBSMR-web and the HBSMR Gateway from exeGesIS SDM Ltd, and mojoPortal CMS
© 2007 - 2019 Norfolk Historic Environment Service