Record Details

NHER Number:3579
Type of record:Monument
Name:Site of Roman building, medieval building and multi-period finds, Grimston

Summary

This is reputedly the site of a Roman temple, and Roman tiles, a tessera and other building materials indicate that there was a Roman building on the site. The building was probably associated with the nearby villa, NHER 3575. Roman coins and metalwork have been found on the site by metal-detectorists. The cropmark of a medieval building is visible on aerial photographs, and earthworks of unknown date were visible on the site until the 1950s. Pottery and metalwork dating from the Iron Age to the post-medieval period have been found during fieldwalking and metal-detecting on the site.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:Not displayed
Map Sheet:TF72SW
Parish:GRIMSTON, WEST NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

Site of destroyed earthwork and evidence of buildings.
Legend of Roman temple, see (S1).
Possible yard of adjacent villa (NHER 3575).

1906.
Roman and Late Saxon sherds and building material found.

1960.
Late Saxon and medieval sherds found.

1961.
Cropmark, identified as medieval building.

1977.
Roman bead and sherds, Middle Saxon and Late Saxon pottery.

1978.
Roman roof tiles, medieval and post-medieval sherds.

1979.
Medieval pottery head (S2), Roman building material and coins, Middle Saxon and post-medieval sherds.

1981.
Fieldwalking produced Roman and Late Saxon sherds and tile, medieval coins and seal of Soho group.

1982.
Medieval sherds found.

1990. Found with metal-detecting.
Iron Age, Roman, Early Saxon, Middle Saxon, Late Saxon, medieval.

1991.
Middle Saxon or Late Saxon pottery found. Roman coins, building material.

1992. Metal-detecting finds. [1].
Roman (S3), Early Saxon, Middle Saxon, Late Saxon, medieval metalwork and coins.

1993. Found with metal-detecting.
Roman coins, medieval coins and artefact.

1994. [2].
Roman, Middle Saxon, Late Saxon and medieval sherds.
Metal-detecting finds.
Roman coins; Roman, Early Saxon, Middle Saxon, medieval, post-medieval metalwork.

1995. Metal-detecting finds. [2].
Roman coin, medieval brooch.

SEE FULL DETAILS, DRAWINGS, CORRESPONDENCE AND PLAN IN FILE.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 30 October 1995.

25 July 1996. NLA air photography.
Cropmarks still visible.
S. Massey (NLA), 22 November 2001.

1999. Metal-detecting. [3].
One Roman coin and one post-medieval buckle.
See list in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 1 November 1999.

October-November 1999. Metal-detecting. [4].
Medieval/early post-medieval armorial badge (S4).
See description in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 30 November 1999.

May 2001.
Roman, Middle Saxon and Late Saxon sherds.
See list in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 21 May 2001.

August-September 2003. Metal-detecting.
Six Roman coins.
Roman (including late Roman ?strap end fragment), Late Saxon, medieval and post-medieval metal objects.
Roman tile with heel impression.
Medieval sherd.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 12 October 2003.

Before February 26 2007. Metal-detecting.
Middle Saxon/Late Saxon, medieval and post-medieval metal objects.
See list in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 25 April 2007.

Before 25 January 2008. Metal-detecting.
Late Roman strap end.
See description in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 18 March 2008.

2010. Fieldwalking.
Romano-British tessera, window glass and harness mount, area of Middle Saxon pottery defined during magnetometer survey.
See list and map in file.
A. Rogerson (HES), 1 October 2010.

September-October 2013. Metal-detecting. [5].
3 Roman coins.
1 medieval coin, buckles and a button.
1 post-medieval coin and a harness mount.
Information from PAS import.
A. Beckham (HES), 11 November 2013.

October-November 2013. Metal-detecting. [6].
3 Roman coins and copper alloy nail.
Early Saxon buckle.
Middle-Late Saxon Carolingian-style mount.
Medieval binding strip from box/casket, strap end, thimble and buckle.
Information from PAS import.
P. Watkins (HES), 2 December 2013.

Monument Types

  • EARTHWORK (Unknown date)
  • FINDSPOT (Unknown date)
  • FINDSPOT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • BUILDING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Roman to Early Saxon - 43 AD to 650 AD)
  • TEMPLE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • YARD (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • BUILDING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • SITE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds

  • DIE (Undated)
  • GAMING PIECE (Undated)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Undated)
  • BROOCH (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • BEAD (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BRICK (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BROOCH (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FLUE TILE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • HARNESS MOUNT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • MOLLUSCA REMAINS (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • NAIL (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • PALETTE (COSMETIC) (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • PIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • ROOF TILE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • SPOON (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • STRAP END (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • STRAP END (Roman to Early Saxon - 43 AD to 650 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • STUD (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • TESSERA (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • TILE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • WINDOW GLASS (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 320 AD to 324 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 330 AD to 335 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 335 AD to 337 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 353 AD to 364 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 364 AD to 378 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 364 AD to 378 AD)
  • BROOCH (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • GIRDLE HANGER (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • POT (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • SLEEVE CLASP (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Early Saxon - 450 AD to 650 AD)
  • BROOCH (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • COIN (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • DRESS COMPONENT (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • PIN (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • POT (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • PIN (Middle Saxon to Late Saxon - 700 AD to 900 AD)
  • MOUNT (Middle Saxon to Late Saxon - 750 AD to 900 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • COIN (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • COSMETIC SET (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • HARNESS (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • KNIFE (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • POT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • STIRRUP (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • STRAP END (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • SWORD (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • SWORD (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • BADGE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BELL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BOX (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BROOCH (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FIGURINE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINGER RING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • HARNESS (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • MORTAR (VESSEL) (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • PERSONAL ORNAMENT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • PIN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • RING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • SCABBARD (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • SEAL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • SEAL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • SPINDLE WHORL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • THIMBLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • TOKEN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • VESSEL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • WEIGHT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval - 1100 AD to 1300 AD)
  • FURNITURE FITTING (Medieval - 1100 AD to 1300 AD)
  • BUTTON (Medieval - 1230 AD to 1450 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1299 AD to 1301 AD)
  • STRAP END (Medieval - 1300 AD to 1400 AD)
  • THIMBLE (Medieval - 1300 AD to 1400 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval - 1400 AD to 1500 AD)
  • BADGE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BELL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BUTTON (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • DRESS COMPONENT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • KNIFE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • POT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • TOKEN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • THIMBLE (Post Medieval - 1550 AD to 1600 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Post Medieval - 1600 AD to 1700 AD)
  • HARNESS MOUNT (Post Medieval - 1600 AD to 1700 AD)
  • HARNESS MOUNT (Post Medieval - 1600 AD to 1700 AD)
  • COIN (Post Medieval - 1625 AD to 1649 AD)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Aerial Photograph: Unit AP TF7121B-C, RAF 3G TUD-UK 100 part L 5012.
---Article in Serial: Margeson, S. 1985. 14th-century Seal-Dies from Norfolk. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XXXIX Pt II pp 218-220. p 218.
---Photograph: NLA. Finds Photograph.
---Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.A. (NLA). 1996. TF 7121AES.
---Photograph: I & RS. Digital finds image.
---Map: Finder's Map..
---Archive: Ordnance Survey Staff. 1933-1979?. Ordnance Survey Record Cards. TF 72 SW 10.
---Correspondence: Vairous. 1950. Correspondence with R. R. Clarke about damage to the Roman site at Grimston.
---Article in Serial: Marsden, A.. 2009. Roman intaglios and sealings from Norfolk, 2002-2008.. Norfolk Archaeology. XLV, pp 529-38.
---Photograph: 1991. LBV 23-25, Romano British brooch.
---Photograph: 1991. LBV 26-28, Two Late Saxonl sword scabbard ends..
---Photograph: 1991. LBV 29-30, Late Saxon/Medieval cheek piece..
---Photograph: 1991. LBV 31-32, Unidentified and undated object..
---Archive: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Roman. Grimston.
---Archive: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Late Saxon. Grimston [2].
---Archive: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Medieval. Grimston [2].
---Photograph: 1994. LDT 8-11, Middle/Late Saxon strap-end..
---Photograph: 1994. LDX 27-28, Medieval clasp..
---Photograph: 1994. LDX 29-31, Middle Saxon ansate brooch..
---Photograph: 1994. LDX 32-33, Early Saxon sheet..
---Photograph: 1994. LDX 34-35, Early Saxon cruciform brooch..
---Photograph: 1994. LDY 1-2, Early Saxon brooch foot..
---Secondary File: Secondary file.
---Photograph: 1994. LEE 16-18, Middle Saxon hooked tag..
---Photograph: 1994. LEE 23-24, Early Saxon girdle hanger..
---Photograph: FTY 1-10, FVA 17-19, 34-7, FTE 30-3.
<S1>Article in Serial: Laver, H. 1907. On a Roman Villa recently discovered at Grimston, Norfolk. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XVI pp 219-227.
<S2>Illustration: Trett, R.. 1979. Drawing of a medieval green glazed pottery head.. Paper. 1:1.
<S3>Illustration: Ashley, S.. 1992. Drawing of a Roman pestle.. Film. 2:1.
<S4>Illustration: Ashley, S.. 1999. Drawing of a medieval/post-medieval armorial badge.. Film. 2:1.

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