Record Details

NHER Number:33592
Type of record:Monument
Name:Roman settlement site and multi-period metal objects

Summary

Extensive metal-detecting and fieldwalking between 1998 and 2015 recovered prehistoric worked flint including Mesolithic retouched blades and a Neolithic scraper; Roman, Late Saxon/medieval, medieval and post-medieval pottery sherds; Roman, medieval and post-medieval coins and undatable, Iron Age to Early Saxon and Late Saxon to post-medieval metal objects. The metal finds include undatable metal working debris, weights, a fishing weight and a copper alloy ring; an Iron Age terret; a Roman bird figurine, brooch, toilet spoon, knife or key terminal, spindle whorl, rivet, nail and a knife end-cap; an Early Saxon brooch and hanging bowl escutcheon; a Late Saxon brooch and stirrup strap mount; medieval to post-medieval dress accessories; a medieval macehead, Papal bulla, spur fragment, copper alloy vessel fragments and harness mounts and pendants; a medieval/post-medieval purse bar, skillet handle and ?stud or ?mount and a post-medieval coin weight, crotal bell, Jew's harp, spur fragment, purse bar and probable balance arm fragment.
The large quantities of Roman pottery fragments and metal finds indicated that this was a settlement site during this period.

Images

  • Romano-British figurine from NHER 33592  © Norfolk County Council
  • Romano-British key or knife from NHER 33592  © Norfolk County Council
  • Romano-British knife from NHER 33592  © Norfolk County Council
  • Medieval stud from NHER 33592  © Norfolk County Council

Location

Grid Reference:TG 23 26
Map Sheet:TG22NW
Parish:BURGH AND TUTTINGTON, BROADLAND, NORFOLK

Full description

January 1998. Metal-detecting and fieldwalking. [8].
Four Roman coins.
See coin form in file.
Also body sherd of decorated Samian bowl, form Dr 37, ?East Gaulish, late 2nd/early 3rd century.
Identified by J. Davies (NCM) and D. Gurney (NLA).
D. Gurney (NLA), 15 April 1998.

Before summer 2001. Metal-detecting.
Six Roman coins.
Four medieval coins.
Two post-medieval coins.
Iron Age terret (S1).
Early Saxon hanging bowl escutcheon (S2).
Roman, medieval (S3), post-medieval and undatable metal finds.
Quantity of Roman sherds indicate settlement site.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 19 December 2001.

Before 3 January 2002. Metal-detecting.
Site extended to whole field centred on location [1] (original NGR of [2]), containing parts of NHER 21834, NHER 28181 and NHER 30561.
Seven Roman coins.
Roman pottery.
Medieval strap end.
Late medieval/early post-medieval skillet handle.
Post-medieval coin weight.
Undated weight, fishing weight and metal working debris.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 28 August 2002.

December 2002-January 2003. Metal-detecting.
Found at [3]:
8 Roman pottery sherds (greyware).
Found at [4]:
2 Roman brooches (1 dolphin, 1 trumpet), 1 copper alloy rivet and 1 copper alloy nail.
1 Early Saxon brooch fragment (small-long).
5 medieval coins and 1 horse harness pendant.
3 post-medieval coins.
1 undated/Roman unidentified copper alloy object fragment.
Pottery identified by A. Rogerson (NLA), coins by A. Marsden (NLA) and other objects by A. Rogerson (NLA). See list and descriptions in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 13 February 2003. Updated by J. Page (HES), 4 March 2014.

February-March 2003. Metal-detecting. Site extended (see map in file for original extent).
1 Roman pottery sherd (Samian).
1 medieval macehead and 1 papal bull (Gregory X).
Pottery identified by A. Rogerson (NLA) and other objects by S. Ashley (NLA) and T. Pestell (NCM). See list and descriptions in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 11 April 2003. Updated by J. Page (HES), 4 March 2014.

March-April 2003. Metal-detecting.
Area centred at location [5]:
1 Late Saxon strap end (Winchester style).
1 medieval lead papal bulla.
1 undated unidentified copper alloy object.
Papal bulla identified by T. Pestell (NLA) and other objects by S. Ashley (NLA). See list and descriptions in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 21 May 2003. Updated by J. Page (HES), 5 February 2014.

March-April 2003. Metal-detecting.
Area centred on location [6]:
2 undatable prehistoric bifacially-worked flint pieces and 1 rod or strike-a-light.
2 ?Mesolithic retouched flint blades.
1 Neolithic end scraper.
Identified by P. Robins (NCM), see descriptions in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 21 May 2003. Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 21 May 2014.

October-November 2003. Metal-detecting.
3 Roman coins, 9 pottery sherds (8 Greyware, 1 oxidised micaceous) and 1 furniture stud.
1 Early Saxon brooch fragment (Cruciform).
5 medieval buckles, 1 belt mount, 1 harness/casket bar mount and 1 strap end.
1 post-medieval buckle 1 hooked clothing fastener, 1 spur, 1 crotal bell and 1 ?strap end.
1 undatable lead weight, 1 copper alloy ring, and 1 scrap of casting waste.
Pottery identified by A. Rogerson (NLA), coins by A. Marsden (NLA) and other objects by S. Ashley (NLA). See list and descriptions in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 12 December 2003. Updated by J. Page (HES), 4 March 2014.

December 2003-January 2004. Metal-detecting.
8 Roman coins and 1 brooch (Trumpet).
1 ?Roman votive leaf.
1 medieval knife end-cap.
Coins identified by A. Marsden (NLA) and other object by S. Ashley (NLA). See list and descriptions in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 16 February 2004. Updated by J. Page (HES), 4 March 2014.

March-April 2004. Metal-detecting. Found at [7]:
1 post-medieval purse bar.
Identified by S. Ashley (NLA). See description in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 17 May 2004. Updated by J. Page (HES), 6 February 2014.

August-September 2004. Metal-detecting.
15 Roman coins and 10 pottery sherds (1 Gaulish Samian, 9 Greyware),
1 medieval strap end and 1 buckle.
Pottery identified by A. Rogerson (NLA), coins by A. Marsden (NLA) and other objects by S. Ashley (NLA). See list and descriptions in file.
J. Page (HES), 13 March 2014.

August-September 2006. Metal-detecting.
11 Roman coins, 1 bird (?crow) figurine (S4) and 1 brooch (dolphin type).
2 Late Saxon brooches (1 Borre-style disc, 1 Jellinge-style disc) and 1 ?stirrup-strap mount.
1 medieval mace head.
1 post-medieval sword-belt hanger pendant leaf.
Coins identified by A. Marsden (NLA) and other objects by S. Ashley (NLA). See list and descriptions in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 16 October 2006. J. Page (HES), 13 March 2014.

January-February 2011. Metal-detecting.
Romano-British and medieval metal objects, and 3 medieval coins.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (HES), 11 March 2011.

February-March 2011. Metal-detecting.
5 Roman coins, Romano-British pot sherds and cosmetic spoon.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (HES), 15 April 2011.

February-March 2015. Metal-detecting. [9].
14 Roman pottery sherds and a spindle whorl.
1 Late Saxon/medieval pottery sherd.
Medieval/post-medieval purse bar and ?stud or ?mount.
1 post-medieval pottery sherds, a spur fragment and a probable balance arm fragment.
Information from PAS import.
A. Beckham (HES), 5 May 2015.

Monument Types

  • FINDSPOT (Unknown date)
  • FINDSPOT (Prehistoric - 1000000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Mesolithic - 10000 BC? to 4001 BC?)
  • FINDSPOT (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • SETTLEMENT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Early Saxon - 410 AD to 650 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds

  • METAL WORKING DEBRIS (Unknown date)
  • RING (Unknown date)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Unknown date)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Unknown date)
  • WEIGHT (Unknown date)
  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Lower Palaeolithic to Late Iron Age - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • STRIKE A LIGHT? (Lower Palaeolithic to Late Iron Age - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • RETOUCHED BLADE (Mesolithic - 10000 BC? to 4001 BC?)
  • SCRAPER (TOOL) (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • HARNESS RING (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • BROOCH (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COSMETIC SPOON (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FIGURINE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FURNITURE FITTING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • KEY (LOCKING) (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • KNIFE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • NAIL (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • SPINDLE WHORL (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • STUD (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • VOTIVE MODEL (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BROOCH (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • HANGING BOWL (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • BROOCH (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • STIRRUP STRAP MOUNT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • POT (Late Saxon to 12th Century - 1000 AD to 1200 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BULL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • CASKET (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • CAULDRON (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • HARNESS (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • HARNESS MOUNT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • HARNESS PENDANT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • KNIFE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • MACE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • MACE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • SKILLET (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • SPUR (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STRAP END (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • VESSEL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STUD (14th Century to 17th Century - 1350 AD to 1700 AD)
  • PURSE (15th Century to 16th Century - 1500 AD to 1550 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN WEIGHT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • CROTAL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • DRESS FASTENER (DRESS) (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • FURNITURE FITTING (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • HARNESS FITTING (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • JEWS HARP (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • POT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • PURSE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • SKILLET (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • STRAP END (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • SWORD BELT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • POT (16th Century to 17th Century - 1550 AD to 1700 AD)
  • BALANCE (16th Century to 18th Century - 1600 AD to 1800 AD)
  • SPUR (16th Century to 18th Century - 1600 AD to 1800 AD)

Protected Status

  • SHINE

Sources and further reading

---Photograph: NLA. 2001. Finds Photograph. Polaroid.
---Photograph: I & RS. Digital finds image.
---Photograph: NCC Find Identification and Recording Service. c. 1975-2000. HES Find Polaroid Collection. HES Find Polaroid Collection. polaroid. black and white.
---Photograph: 2001. KTB 9-11, Escutcheon fragment from a hanging bowl..
---Photograph: 2003. KTP 33, Early Saxon small long brooch fragment..
---Photograph: 2003. KVA 21, Early Saxon brooch fragment..
---Article in Serial: Gurney, D. (ed.). 2003. Archaeological Finds in Norfolk in 2003. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XLIV Pt III pp 563-573. p 564.
---Secondary File: Secondary File.
---Slide: Various. Slide.
<S1>Illustration: Hoyle, M.. 2001. Drawing of an Iron Age terret fragment. Film. 2:1.
<S2>Illustration: Ashley, S.. 2001. Drawing of an Early Saxon escutcheon from a hanging bowl.. Film. 2:1.
<S3>Illustration: Ashley, S.. 2001. Drawing of a medieval horse harness pendent attachment stud.. Film. 1:1.
<S4>Illustration: Gibbons, J.. 2006. Drawing of a Roman bird figurine. Film. 2:1.

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