Record Details

NHER Number:3324
Type of record:Monument
Name:Site of Wyveling deserted medieval settlement

Summary

This is the site of the deserted medieval settlement of Wyveling. Excavations on the site in the 1960s revealed the remains of Late Saxon post hole structures. These structures have been interpreted as round houses, but are more likely to be charcoal burning mounds associated with the pottery industry. Prehistoric flints and large amounts of Late Saxon and medieval pottery have been found on the site. The earthworks of the deserted medieval village are clearly visible on the site.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TF 692 205
Map Sheet:TF62SE
Parish:GRIMSTON, WEST NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

Possible site of Wyveling deserted medieval settlement.
Excavated 1961 to 1964.

1963. Excavation.
J. O. H. Nicholls excavated on a low mound which had previously recorded. This mound was surrounded by a ditch which was 2ft deep and 52ft in diameter, however on north side there was no evidence of a ditch. Further features of small huts were recorded which were indicated by stake-holes, some of these are in two concentric circles, however in many huts there were a succession of the stake holes, there also, in many of the huts appears to be hearths. Only a very small collection of pottery was found in the huts, mainly Thetford ware. Two sherds of a bowl were also recovered. There is a well-defined track way which runs past the mound east to west and there are also other low mounds which are visible on the common.
See (S2) for further information.
Prehistoric flints, Late Saxon pottery, etc. found.
See detailed list in file.
E. Rose (NAU) 19 October 1982 amended by M. Langham-Lopez (HES), 7 February 2013.

Gorse cover increasing. Arrangements have been made, in consultation with English Nature, to cut back the gorse on the area of earthworks, instead of pulling the gorse out by the roots. Mr Nichols, who excavated some trenches in 1960s, has produced a sketch map to show where possible the extent of the site. One trench still visible as a sunken grass covered linear feature.
H. Paterson (A&E) 30 November 1998.

1999. A remarkable group of 134 pieces of Theford type ware of 10th/11th century.
All bases are sagging, and the 13 rim sherds are all from jars.
Weight 720g.
1 sherd glazed Grimston, made in Pott Row.
K. Hind (NLA) 7 July 2000.

Before 30 November 2002. Fieldwalking.
Late Saxon 258 sherds of Thetford type pottery including 24 rims, all jars apart from two bowls, one inturned, and also including a few storage jars. Probably all Grimston Thetford, and if not then very similar (weighing 1.645kg).
?Late Saxon Small fragment (12g) of lava quern.
A. Rogerson (NLA) 31 October 2003.

(S1) notes that the 1960s excavations revealed a number of post hole structures, which were interpreted as Late Saxon structures (although they have also been interpreted as a Neolithic pottery production site, see list in file for details). However (S1) states that the post hole features are more likely to be charcoal burning mounds connected with the pottery industry.
The medieval manor of Wyveling was noted with Bawsey in the Nomina Villarum (1316). Wyveling was almost totally isolated during the medieval period, and it appears to have been a medieval encroachment onto the common.
See (S1) for more details.
S. Spooner (NLA) 18 January 2006

2004-2008. Non- systematic fiedlwalking.
Collection from mole hills and rabbit burrows on the mound produced a collection of late saxon and medieval sherds.
See list in file
H White (NLA) 17 November 2008

Monument Types

  • FINDSPOT (Unknown date)
  • TRACKWAY (Unknown date)
  • FINDSPOT (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • MOUND (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • POTTERY WORKS (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • BUILDING (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • HEARTH (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • MOUND (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • POST HOLE (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • ROUND HOUSE (DOMESTIC) (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • CHARCOAL BURNERS SITE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • DESERTED SETTLEMENT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • DESERTED SETTLEMENT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FARMSTEAD (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • HOLLOW WAY (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • ROAD (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)

Associated Finds

  • BRIQUETAGE (Undated)
  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • POT BOILER (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • POT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • POT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • QUERN (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)

Protected Status

  • SHINE
  • Higher Level Stewardship

Sources and further reading

---Monograph: Beresford, D. & Hurst, J.G.. 1989?. Deserted Medieval Villages.. 2.
---Serial: Council for British Archaeology Bulletin. No 11.
---Archive: Ordnance Survey Staff. 1933-1979?. Ordnance Survey Record Cards. TF 62 SE 19.
---Unpublished document: Nicholls, J.O.H.. 1963. Preliminary Report: Excavations at Sugar Fen, Leiziate.
---Archive: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Late Saxon. Grimston [2].
---Archive: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Medieval. Grimston.
---Secondary File: Secondary file.
<S1>Monograph: Leah, M. et al.. 1994. The Late Saxon and Medieval Pottery Industry of Grimston, Norfolk: Excavations 1962 to 92.. East Anglian Archaeology. Vol 64.
<S2>Article in serial: Wilson, D. M. and Hurst, D. G. 1965. Medieval Britain in 1962 and 1963. Medieval Archaeology. Vol VIII (for 1964) pp 231-299. p 286.

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