Record Details

NHER Number:32133
Type of record:Find Spot
Name:Multi-period finds

Summary

Extensive metal-detecting between 1996 and 2011 recovered a prehistoric flint flake; Roman, Middle Saxon, Late Saxon and medieval pottery; medieval roof tile; Roman, Middle Saxon, medieval, medieval/post-medieval and post-medieval coins; medieval and post-medieval tokens plus a post-medieval jetton and Bronze Age to post-medieval metal objects. Among Roman, Early to Late Saxon, medieval and post-medieval brooches, dress accessories and other metalwork was a Bronze Age awl; Iron Age harness fitting; a Middle/Late Saxon hoard of lead vessels and an iron ploughshare and a very important example of an 9th century Carolingian strap distributer, which was probably imported.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:Not displayed
Map Sheet:TF82NW
Parish:WEST RUDHAM, WEST NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

October 1996. In confined area. Formerly wrongly located at [1].
Middle Saxon key.
Middle Saxon/Late Saxon dress fitting and stud.
See list in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 2 December 1996.

August 1997. Metal-detecting finds.
Roman and post-medieval coins.
Early Saxon, Middle Saxon/Late Saxon, Late Saxon (S2), medieval and undated metal finds.
Roman, Late Saxon and medieval pottery.
Medieval roofing tile.
Lava quern fragment.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 3 October 1997.

August 1997. Found with other previously reported finds.
Extremely important, probably imported, Carolingian style copper alloy strap distributor of the late 9th century, (S3).
Purchased by NCM, Now NCM 1999.83
See letter from Leslie Webster (British Museum) and description by H. Geake (A&E) in file.
To be photographed and drawn.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 16 January 1998.

May-June 1998. Metal-detecting finds. Area extended.
Roman and medieval coins.
Roman, Middle Saxon, Late Saxon and medieval sherds.
Early Saxon, Middle Saxon (S4), Late Saxon, medieval and post-medieval metal finds.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 1 August 1998.

Pre May 1999. Metal-detecting.
Four Roman coins.
Post medieval token.
Roman, Early Saxon, Middle Saxon, Late Saxon, medieval and undatable metal objects.
Roman, Middle Saxon, Late Saxon and medieval sherds.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 5 June 1999.

May 1999. Metal-detecting.
One Roman coin.
Late Saxon/early medieval key.
?late medieval or early post-medieval toy?
A. Rogerson (NLA), 5 July 1999.

October to November 1999. Metal-detecting.
Roman, Late Saxon and medieval sherds.
See list in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 30 November 1999.

January 2000. Metal-detecting. East end.
Roman, Middle Saxon, Late Saxon, medieval and post-medieval metal finds.
One medieval and one post-medieval coin.
One post-medieval coin weight.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 7 March 2000.

February 2000. Metal-detecting.
Late Saxon ?strap end.
Medieval blank seal matrix.
See descriptions in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 1 April 2000.

Before November 2001. Metal-detecting.
Site extended.
Two medieval coins.
Post-medieval buckle.
Medieval or post-medieval token.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 13 December 2001.

October-November 2002. Metal-detecting.
One Middle Saxon and four medieval coins.
Bronze Age (S5), Early Saxon, Middle Saxon, Late Saxon, medieval, post-medieval and undatable metal finds.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 9 December 2002.

September-October 2003. Metal-detecting.
Early Saxon or Middle Saxon tweezers.
See description in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 8 November 2003.

October-November 2003. Metal-detecting.
Middle Saxon/Late Saxon strap end and Late Saxon disc brooch.
See list in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 5 December 2003.

March-April 2004. Metal-detecting in area centred [2].
Post medieval jetton and token.
Prehistoric flint flake.
Iron Age, Roman and medieval metal objects (including uninscribed seal matrix).
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 30 June 2004.

March-April 2005. Metal-detecting.
Two Roman coins, Early Saxon wrist clasp and Middle Saxon tweezers.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 9 May 2005.

(S1) in file.
E. Darch (NLA), 6 February 2006.

December 2005-January 2006. Metal-detecting. [3]
One Roman and one medieval coin.
Middle Saxon (S6), and Late Saxon (S7), metal objects.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 10 February 2006.

April-May 2006. Metal-detecting, site extended, two areas searched.
Ten Roman, three medieval and one post-medieval coins.
Roman, Middle Saxon, Late Saxon, medieval, post-medieval and undatable metal objects.
Undatable shale bead.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 10 June 2006.

April-May 2006. Metal-detecting.
Middle Saxon linked pin (S8).
See description in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 28 August 2006.

June-July 2007. Metal-detecting.
Undatable stone pestle or pounder.
See description in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 29 August 2007.

Autumn 2007-October 2011. Metal-detecting.
Seven Roman, one medieval and one medieval/post-medieval coin, Roman, Roman/Early Saxon, Early Saxon, Middle Saxon, Late Saxon, medieval and post-medieval metal objects.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (HES), 31 May 2012.

Early 2008. Metal-detecting.
Middle Saxon/Late Saxon hoard consisting of two lead vessels and an iron ploughshare (S9, S10, S11, S12, S13, S14).
See list and drawings in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 22 February 2010.

April 2009. Metal-detecting.
Middle Saxon/Late Saxon strap-end and hooked tag.
See list in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 3 May 2010.

The Middle or Late Saxon silver strap-end discovered in April 2010 and reported as Treasure case 2010 T331, was declared Treasure at inquest on 8 December 2010, and acquired by Norwich Castle Museum in July 2011.
E. Darch (HES), 22 August 2011.

Monument Types

  • FINDSPOT (Unknown date)
  • FINDSPOT (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Roman to Early Saxon - 43 AD to 650 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Early Saxon to Middle Saxon - 411 AD to 850 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Middle Saxon to Late Saxon - 651 AD to 1065 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds

  • BEAD (Unknown date)
  • METAL WORKING DEBRIS (Undated)
  • PESTLE (Undated)
  • POUNDER (Undated)
  • QUERN (Undated)
  • STAPLE (Unknown date)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Undated)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Undated)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Unknown date)
  • WEIGHT (Unknown date)
  • FLAKE (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • AWL (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • HARNESS FITTING (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • BOW BROOCH (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BRACELET (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BROOCH (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • HARNESS FITTING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • STEELYARD WEIGHT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • STRAP END (Roman to Early Saxon - 43 AD to 650 AD)
  • BROOCH (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • DRESS COMPONENT (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • SLEEVE CLASP (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • STAPLE (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • TWEEZERS (Early Saxon to Middle Saxon - 411 AD to 850 AD)
  • BROOCH (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • CASTING WASTE (Middle Saxon to Late Saxon - 651 AD to 1065 AD)
  • COIN (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • DRESS COMPONENT (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • HOARD (Middle Saxon to Late Saxon - 651 AD to 1065 AD)
  • HOOKED TAG (Middle Saxon to Late Saxon - 651 AD to 1065 AD)
  • KEY (LOCKING) (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • PIN (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • PIN (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • PIN (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • PLOUGH (Middle Saxon to Late Saxon - 651 AD to 1065 AD)
  • POT (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • STRAP END (Middle Saxon to Late Saxon - 651 AD to 1065 AD)
  • STRAP END (Middle Saxon to Late Saxon - 651 AD to 1065 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • STUD (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • TWEEZERS (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • VESSEL (Middle Saxon to Late Saxon - 651 AD to 1065 AD)
  • BOOK FITTING (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • BOX (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • BRIDLE BIT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • BROOCH (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • BROOCH (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • DRESS COMPONENT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • FURNITURE FITTING (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • KEY (LOCKING) (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • MOUNT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • POT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • STIRRUP (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • STRAP END (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • STUD (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • BARREL PADLOCK (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BROOCH (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • CROSS (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FURNITURE FITTING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • HARNESS (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • KEY (LOCKING) (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • PENDANT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • PERSONAL ORNAMENT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • ROOF TILE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • SEAL MATRIX (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • SEAL MATRIX (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • SPINDLE WHORL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STEELYARD WEIGHT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • THIMBLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • TOKEN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • TOY (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BUTTON (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN WEIGHT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • DAGGER (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • FURNITURE FITTING (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • HARNESS (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • HOOKED TAG (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • JETTON (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • PURSE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • SWORD BELT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • THIMBLE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • TOKEN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • TOKEN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • TOY (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • VESSEL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • WEIGHT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Photograph: NLA. Finds Photograph.
---Photograph: I & RS. Digital finds image.
---Photograph: I&RS. Finds Polaroid. Polaroid.
---Article in monograph: Rogerson, A.. 2003. Six Middle Anglo-Saxon Sites in West Norfolk.. Markets in Early Medieval Europe: Trading and ' Productive' Sites, 650-850. Pestell, T. & Ulmschneider, K. (ed.).
---Photograph: JJA 0, 1, 2, Early Saxon cruciform brooch..
---Photograph: JJE 1-8, Late Saxon brooch..
---Photograph: JJB.
---Photograph: 2002. KTM 33, Middle/Late Saxon strapend.
---Photograph: 2002. KTM 34, Middle Saxon brooch.
---Photograph: 2002. KTM 35, Early Saxon burnt fragment..
---Photograph: 2002. KTM 36, Middle/Late Saxon strapend..
---Photograph: 2003. KTX 32, Middle Saxon tweezers..
---Photograph: 2003. KVA 7, Late Saxon dics brooch..
---Photograph: 2003. KVA 8, Middle/Late Saxon strap end..
---Secondary File: Secondary file.
<S1>Unpublished document: 2006. Treasure Report for fragment of silver plated pin modified by British Museum.
<S2>Illustration: Holness, A. 1997. Drawing of two Late Saxon strap-end fragments.. Paper. 1:1.
<S3>Illustration: White, S.. 1998. Drawing of a Late Saxon Carolingian style copper alloy strap distributor.. Paper. 2:1.
<S4>Illustration: White, S.. 1998. Drawing of a Middle Saxon witham-pin-style decoration.. Film. 2:1.
<S5>Illustration: Hinds, K.. 2002. Drawing of a Bronze Age awl.. Film. 1:1.
<S6>Illustration: Gibbons, J. 2006. Drawing of a Middle Saxonsilver-plated pin fragment.. Film. 2:1.
<S7>Illustration: Gibbons, J.. 2006. Drawing of a Late Saxon nummular brooch.. Film. 2:1.
<S8>Illustration: Gibbons, J.. 2006. Drawing of a Middle Saxon linked pin.. Film. 2:1.
<S9>Illustration: Gibbons, J. 2008. Drawing of a Middle/Late Saxon vessel.. Film. 1:1.
<S10>Illustration: Gibbons, J. 2008. Drawing of a Middle/Late Saxon vessel handle.. Film. 1:1.
<S11>Illustration: Gibbons, J. 2008. Drawing of a Middle/Late Saxon base of the larger vessel.. Film. 1:1.
<S12>Illustration: Gibbons, J. 2008. Drawing of a Middle/Late Saxon vessel.. Film. 1:1.
<S13>Illustration: Gibbons, J.. 2008. Drawing of a Middle/Late Saxon ploughshare.. Film. 1:1.
<S14>Illustration: Gibbons, J.. 2008. Drawing of a Middle Saxon/Late Saxon lead casting waste.. Film. 1:1.

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