Record Details

NHER Number:31783
Type of record:Monument
Name:Probable Roman pottery kiln and multi-period metal objects and pottery sherds

Summary

Excavations here in 1962-63 revealed a fired clay structure which was identified as a possible Roman kiln. Subsequent topsoil stripping in 1996 recovered a number of pottery wasters and other evidence of industrial activity. Numerous finds have been recovered from the site by metal detecting and fieldwalking. Notable objects include various Neolithic flint tools, an early post medieval Hans Achultes I jetton and a Roman coin.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TG 22 20
Map Sheet:TG22SW
Parish:STRATTON STRAWLESS, BROADLAND, NORFOLK

Full description

Large site incorporating NHER 7637, NHER 7640, NHER 23475.

1962-1963. Excavation of trial trenches.
Excavation revealed a possible fired clay structure for potting or metalworking (see also NHER 7640). This was covered with a corrugated iron sheet and reburied.
See notes in file for further details.
D. Gurney (NLA), 16 February 1996.

11-12 February 1996. Field observation.
Topsoil stripping revealed a possible ditch with animal bones and, nearby, one large 13th century rim.
Elsewhere in this field, there is earlier evidence of industrial activity (see notes in file and cross references) and possible pottery kilns.
Sample of greywares in Norwich Castle Museum.
See notes in file for further details.
D. Gurney (NLA), 16 February 1996.

See photographs in file.
D. Gurney (NLA), 25 March 1996.

17-19 August 1996. Field observation.
Further investigation of the area examined in the early 1960s revealed features, Roman pottery etc. and evidence suggesting a pottery kiln. The feature revealed was not the kiln itself, but is probably an associated flue or stoking pit for one or more kilns. It was noted that the site is actually in sight of the Brampton kiln field to the north (NHER 1006).
Finds held by Norwich Castle Museum.
See notes and copy of plan in file.
D. Gurney (NLA), 20 August 1996.

1996. Fieldwalking finds.
?Late Neolithic/Early Bronze Age (Beaker) pottery.
?Neolithic end scraper.
See description in file.
Identifications by P. Robins (NCM).
Finds held by NCM.
H. Geake (NCM), 11 November 1996.

31 March 1997. Fieldwalking by [1].
Roman, Middle Saxon, Late Saxon, medieval and post medieval sherds.
See list in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 11 April 1997.

31 March 1997. Fieldwalking finds.
Four flint flakes and one possible.
See note by P. Robins (NCM) in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA) 13 May 1997.

1997. Fieldwalking finds.
Neolithic scraper.
Prehistoric: ?scraper, four retouched flakes, four unmodified flakes, thermal flakes, flaked lump, borer.
See list in file. Identifications by P. Robins (NCM).
H. Geake (NCM) 8 September 1997.

1997. Metal detecting.
Early post medieval Hans Achultes I jetton - see list in file.
H. Geake (NCM) 31 October 1997.

November 1997. Fieldwalking finds.
Flint flakes and implements.
See list in file.
Identifications by P. Robins (NCM) November 1997.
K. Sussams (NCM) 2 January 1998.

1997/1998. Gridded fieldwalking.
Early Bronze Age, Bronze Age/Iron Age worked flint, pot boilers.
Roman, Middle Saxon, Late Saxon, medieval and post medieval sherds.
See detailed report in file.
E. Rose (NLA) 15 September 1998.

Before 28 August 1998. Field observation. Locations [2].
P. Robins (NCM) identified: scraper/notched piece. End and left wide scraper on secondary flake of translucent grey/buff flint. Trace of pebble cortex only. Length 49mm. Slight notch on right edge. Undatable Prehistoric (probably Neolithic).
A. Rogerson (NLA), 22 December 2000.

Before 6 September 2005. Metal detecting.
One Roman coin.
Late Saxon (S1), medieval and post medieval metal objects.
Post medieval coins and jetton.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 17 October 2005.

Monument Types

  • DITCH (Undated)
  • FINDSPOT (Lower Palaeolithic to Roman - 500000 BC to 409 AD)
  • FEATURE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • INDUSTRIAL SITE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • METAL WORKING SITE? (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POTTERY KILN? (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Middle Saxon to Post Medieval - 651 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds

  • ANIMAL REMAINS (Undated)
  • BURIN (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • POT BOILER (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • SCRAPER (TOOL) (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • POT (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • SCRAPER (TOOL) (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • BURIN (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • POT (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • POT (Beaker - 2300 BC to 1700 BC)
  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • KILN WASTE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • POT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • STRAP END (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • CHAFING DISH (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • FURNITURE FITTING (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STRAP END (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • VESSEL (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • CLAY PIPE (SMOKING) (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • JETTON (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • POT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • SCABBARD (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • TOKEN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • WEIGHT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Article in serial: Gurney, D. and Penn, K. (eds). 1997. Excavations and Surveys in Norfolk 1996. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XLII Pt IV pp 547-564. p 560.
---Article in serial: Gurney, D. and Penn, K. (eds). 1998. Excavations and Surveys in Norfolk 1997. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XLIII Pt I pp 193-210. p 206.
---Secondary File: Secondary file.
<S1>Illustration: Gibbons, J.. 2005. Drawing of a Late Saxon strap-end.. Film. 2:1.

Related records

23475Related to: Multi-period metal objects (Find Spot)
7640Related to: Multi-period metal objects and pottery sherds (Find Spot)
7637Related to: Prehistoric flint implements and multi-period pottery sherds (Find Spot)

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