Record Details

NHER Number:30883
Type of record:Monument
Name:Roman building, Early Saxon cemetery and multi-period finds

Summary

The quantity and type of finds recovered suggests that this is the site of a Roman building and an Early Saxon cemetery. Metal-detecting between 1994 and 2014 recovered prehistoric worked flints; Roman pottery sherds, roof tile, flue tile and brick fragments; Roman window glass fragments; Iron Age, Roman, medieval and post-medieval coins and undated and Roman to post-medieval metal objects. The metal finds include an undated lead weight, casting waste and metalworking debris; Roman furniture fittings, bracelet fragments, needles, a ring key, awl, gold finger ring, hair pin, copper alloy ring, handle from a patera or skillet, cosmetic pestle, cosmetic mortar, mounts, buckles and brooches, including a plate brooch; Early Saxon brooches, wrist clasps, a gold finger ring and a very small buckle; Early/Middle Saxon buckles and a sword pommel clasp; a Middle/Late Saxon hooked tag; a Late Saxon finger ring or ear ring and strap-end; medieval to post-medieval dress accessories and medieval brooches, finger rings and a harness pendant.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:Not displayed
Map Sheet:TF82NW
Parish:EAST RUDHAM, WEST NORFOLK, NORFOLK
WEST RUDHAM, WEST NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

1994. Metal detecting.
Large flint footings noted in field.
Iron Age, Roman, post medieval coins.
Roman, Early Saxon metalwork (S1 and S2).
See list and map in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), September 1994.

September-December 1994. Metal detecting.
Worked flint.
Roman coins and window glass.
Early Saxon wrist clasp and brooch.
Medieval and post medieval coins, medieval finds.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 31 October 1994.

28 September 1994.
Site of footings reported by [1] visited by A. Rogerson (NLA) and [1].
Very dense concentration of Roman building material at. Sample retained.
See list in file.
Rubble appears as slight mound aligned northwest/southeast.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 14 February 1995.

August 1995. Metal detecting.
Find at [2].
1 medieval coin.
See list in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 2 October 1995.

September 1995. Metal detecting. Finds at [3].
14th century ring brooch/buckle, pin with transverse cordon near loop. Diameter 37mm.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 30 October 1995.

October 1995. Metal detecting.
1 Roman coin at [4].
See list in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA,) 27 November 1995.

February 1996. Metal detecting. [5].
Post medieval coins.
Early Saxon wristclasp and brooches.
Undated gold wire.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 28 March 1996.

February 1997. Metal detecting.
Roman, Early Saxon (S3), Middle Saxon, medieval metal finds.
Roman and medieval coins.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 8 April 1997.

January 2000. Metal detecting.
19 Roman coins. In area centred [6].
In area centred [7]; 2 medieval coins, Early Saxon brooch fragment, medieval metal finds.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 7 March 2000.

October-November 2002. Metal detecting.
Medieval coin at [8].
See list in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 9 December 2002.

September-October 2004. Metal detecting.
Roman lock pin and buckle.
Early Saxon supporting arm brooch.
Undatable metalworking scrap.
See list in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 8 November 2004.

March-April 2005. Metal detecting in two areas.
29 Roman coins, Roman metal objects.
Undatable casting waste.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 9 May 2005.

December 2005-January 2006. Metal detecting. Northwest part. [9]
Four Roman, four medieval and one post medieval coins.
Early Saxon, Late Saxon, and medieval metal objects.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 10 February 2006.

January-March 2014. Metal-detecting. [10].
Finds recorded on the PAS database:
Undated lead weight.
Roman furniture fittings, bracelet fragments, needle, a ring key, gold finger ring, hair pin, copper alloy ring, handle from a patera or skillet, cosmetic pestle, cosmetic mortar and brooches, including a plate brooch.
Early Saxon brooches, a sleeve clasp and a very small buckle.
Ealy/Middle Saxon sword pommel clasp.
Middle/Late Saxon hooked tag.
Late Saxon strap-end.
Medieval buckles, brooches, a strap-end and a harness pendant.
Post-medieval buckles.
Information from PAS import.
Finds seen by HES but not entered onto the PAS database:
1 Roman silver coin and 112 copper alloy coins.
1 earlier 17th century copper alloy farthing.
A. Beckham (HES), 1 April 2014.

September 2014.
The Roman gold finger ring discovered in March 2014 and reported as treasure case 2014 T221, was declared 'Treasure' at inquest, 1 September 2014.
E. Darch (HES), 5 September 2014.

Monument Types

  • BUILDING (Unknown date)
  • FINDSPOT (Unknown date)
  • FINDSPOT (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • BUILDING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Early Saxon to Middle Saxon - 411 AD to 850 AD)
  • INHUMATION CEMETERY (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Middle Saxon to Late Saxon - 651 AD to 1065 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Middle Saxon to Medieval - 651 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds

  • CASTING WASTE (Unknown date)
  • METAL WORKING DEBRIS (Unknown date)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Undated)
  • WEIGHT (Unknown date)
  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • COIN (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • AWL (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BRACELET (Roman - 43 AD to 150 AD)
  • BRICK (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BROOCH (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COSMETIC MORTAR (Roman - 43 AD to 200 AD)
  • COSMETIC PESTLE (Roman - 43 AD to 200 AD)
  • DRESS COMPONENT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINGER RING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FLUE TILE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FURNITURE FITTING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FURNITURE FITTING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • HAIR PIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • LOCKING MECHANISM (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • NEEDLE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • NEEDLE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • PENDANT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • PERSONAL ORNAMENT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • PIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • RING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • ROOF TILE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • ROOF TILE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • VESSEL (Roman - 43 AD to 150 AD)
  • VESSEL (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • WINDOW GLASS (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BROOCH (Roman - 55 AD to 80 AD)
  • BROOCH (Roman - 55 AD to 80 AD)
  • PLATE BROOCH (Roman - 175 AD to 300 AD)
  • BRACELET (Roman - 200 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINGER RING (Roman - 200 AD to 409 AD)
  • KEY (LOCKING) (Roman - 200 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINGER RING (Roman - 300 AD to 409 AD)
  • BROOCH (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • BROOCH (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • FINGER RING (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • SLEEVE CLASP (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • BROOCH (Early Saxon - 420 AD to 480 AD)
  • BROOCH (Early Saxon - 430 AD to 480 AD)
  • BROOCH (Early Saxon - 430 AD to 500 AD)
  • BROOCH (Early Saxon - 450 AD to 500 AD)
  • BROOCH (Early Saxon - 450 AD to 500 AD)
  • BROOCH (Early Saxon - 480 AD to 530 AD)
  • SLEEVE CLASP (Early Saxon - 480 AD to 500 AD)
  • BROOCH (Early Saxon - 530 AD to 550 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Early Saxon to Middle Saxon - 600 AD to 680 AD)
  • SWORD (Early Saxon to Middle Saxon - 600 AD to 680 AD)
  • HOOKED TAG (Middle Saxon to Medieval - 720 AD to 1100 AD)
  • EAR RING (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • FINGER RING (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • STRAP END (Late Saxon - 900 AD to 1000 AD)
  • BROOCH (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BROOCH (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINGER RING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINGER RING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • HARNESS PENDANT (Medieval - 1150 AD to 1200 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval - 1175 AD to 1225 AD)
  • BROOCH (Medieval - 1200 AD to 1400 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval - 1200 AD to 1300 AD)
  • BROOCH (Medieval - 1300 AD to 1500 AD)
  • STRAP END (Medieval - 1300 AD to 1400 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval - 1350 AD to 1450 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval - 1350 AD to 1539 AD)
  • COIN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Post Medieval - 1550 AD to 1650 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Post Medieval - 1600 AD to 1700 AD)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Photograph: NLA. Finds Photograph.
---Photograph: I & RS. Digital finds image.
---Map: Finder's Map..
---Photograph: 1994. LDY 1-2, Early Saxon brooch foot..
---Photograph: 1994. LDY 20-21, Early Saxon wrist clasp..
---Photograph: 1994. LDZ 1-2, Decorative sheet fragment..
---Photograph: 1994. LDZ 3-6, Iron Age iceni quarter stater..
---Photograph: 1994. LDZ 7-9, Early Saxon gold ring..
---Secondary File: Secondary file.
---Photograph: 1994. LDZ 10-11, Early Saxon gilt mount..
---Photograph: 1994. LDZ 12-13, Early Saxon cruciform brooch foot plate..
---Photograph: 1994. LDZ 14-15, Early Saxon cruciform brooch..
<S1>Illustration: White, S.. 1994. Drawing of a Early Saxon finger ring.. Film. 2:1.
<S2>Illustration: White, S.. 1994. Drawing of an Early Saxon buckle.. Film. 2:1.
<S3>Illustration: Ashley, S.. 1997. Drawing of an Early Saxon brooch fragment.. Film. 2:1.

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