Record Details

NHER Number:29937
Type of record:Monument
Name:Middle to Late Saxon settlement and multi-period finds

Summary

Metal-detecting between 1993 and 2013 recovered late prehistoric worked flints; Iron Age to post-medieval pottery sherds; Roman brick and tile fragments; a fragment of lava quern stone; Roman, medieval and post-medieval coins; a post-medieval token and Middle Bronze Age to post-medieval and undatable metal objects. The metal finds include undatable metalworking debris; a Middle/Late Bronze Age casting jet; a Roman brooch and furniture fitting; Early Saxon brooches, a die stamp and a patrix; a Middle Saxon brooch and pin; Middle/Late Saxon strap-end, a brooch and a unidentified object; a Middle Saxon/medieval brooch; Late Saxon brooches, a trap end and furniture fitting; a Late Saxon/medieval harness fitting; medieval to post-medieval dress accessories; a medieval key, spindle whorl and weight; a medieval/post-medieval candlestick, copper alloy vessel and cauldron fragments and lead weights and a post-medieval cloth seal, crotal bell, weight and spur fragment.

The Middle to Late Saxon pottery and metal objects recovered, which were concentrated in the north-eastern part of the site, suggests that there was a small settlement in this area from the Middle Saxon period, with more intense activity in the Late Saxon period. Excavations in the southwest of the field in 2002 and 2011 did not record any archaeological features, indicating that any activity was focused in the northern portion of the field.

Images

  • Early Saxon bracteate patrix from NHER 29937  © Norfolk County Council
  • Early Saxon bracteate patrix cast from NHER 29937  © Norfolk County Council
  • Late Saxon furniture fitting from NHER 29937  © Norfolk County Council
  • Post-medieval cloth seal from NHER 29937  © Norfolk County Council
  • Early Saxon brooch from NHER 29937  © Norfolk County Council
  • Late Saxon strap-end from NHER 29937  © Norfolk County Council
  • Late Saxon brooch from NHER 29937  © Norfolk County Council
  • Late Saxon brooch from NHER 29937  © Norfolk County Council
  • Medieval candlestick from NHER 29937  © Norfolk County Council
  • Early Saxon small-long brooch from NHER 29937  © Norfolk County Council
  • Middle Saxon ansate brooch from NHER 29937  © Norfolk County Council

Location

Grid Reference:Not displayed
Map Sheet:TM09NE
Parish:MORLEY, SOUTH NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

August 1993. Fieldwalking finds.
Detailed search in squares as on report in file.
Iron Age, Roman, Early Saxon, Middle Saxon, Late Saxon, medieval sherds.
Roman brick and tile.
Worked flints.
Lava quern.
See detailed lists and site plans in file.
E. Rose (NLA), 17 August 1993.

February 2001. Metal detecting.
Undatable metalworking debris: 2 flattish shapeless blobs of molten copper alloy, weighing 5.74 and 19.54g, found 4m apart at [1].
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 20 April 2002.

April 2002. NAU excavation.
Topsoil strip and sample.
No features.
Early Saxon small-long brooch, later 5th/early 6th century.
3 post medieval lead weights.
See (S1) for details.
J. Allen (NLA), 15 July 2002.

(S2) notes a concentration of Middle Saxon pottery, suggesting that this was the site of a small Middle Saxon settlement. Activity intensified in the Late Saxon period, but very little early medieval pottery was recovered.
See (S2) for more details.
S. Spooner (NLA), 15 May 2006.

September-October 2010. Metal-detecting.
Prehistoric flint flake, Early Saxon patrix for striking a bracteate (S4 and S5), Late Saxon, medieval and post-medieval metal objects, medieval coin and post-medieval token.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (HES), 15 November 2010.

October-November 2010. Metal-detecting.
2 medieval and 1 post-medieval coin, Early Saxon, Middle Saxon, medieval and post-medieval metal objects.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (HES), 17 December 2010.

November-December 2010. Metal-detecting.
Medieval, post-medieval and undatable metal objects.
See list in file.
A. Rogerson (HES), 15 January 2011.

Before 31 August 2011. Metal-detecting.
Medieval or post-medieval copper-alloy vessel leg.
See description in file.
S. Ashley (HES), 22 September 2011.

Before September-October 2011. Metal-detecting.
One Roman coin , Late Saxon pot sherds, medieval, medieval/post-medieval and post-medieval metal objects.
See lists in file.
S. Ashley (HES), 18 November 2011.

October-November 2011. Metal-detecting.
Two Roman and one post-medieval coin, Roman, Middle Saxon, medieval and post-medieval metal objects.
See lists in file.
S. Ashley (HES), 10 January 2012 and A. Rogerson (HES), 24 January 2012.

October - November 2011. Watching Brief.
Monitoring of groundworks for construction of a new barn recorded no archaeological finds or features.
See (S3) for further details.
H. Hamilton (HES), 14 November 2012.

December 2011-January 2012. Metal-detecting.
Two Roman coins, four Middle Saxon/Late Saxon strap-ends and unidentified object and a Late Saxon disc brooch.
See lists in file.
S. Ashley (HES), 21 February 2012.

August-September 2012. Metal-detecting. [2].
Middle/Late Bronze Age casting jet or sprue.
1 Roman coin.
Early Saxon probable small-long brooch.
Middle/Late Saxon openwork disc or "cogwheel" brooch.
Late Saxon strap-end.
Late Saxon/medieval double-ended harness link.
1 medieval coin, 1 pottery sherd and a copper alloy strap-slide.
Medieval/post-medieval copper alloy candlestick fragment.
Information from PAS import.
A. Beckham (HES), 2 November 2012.

September-October 2013. Metal-detecting. [3].
4 Neolithic/Bronze Age flint flakes.
1 Late Neolithic/Early Bronze Age piercer/awl.
Roman brooch.
Late Saxon brooch.
Medieval/post-medieval lead steelyard weight and other lead weights.
Information from PAS import. See finder's map in file.
P. Watkins (HES), 2 December 2013.

Monument Types

  • FINDSPOT (Unknown date)
  • FINDSPOT (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Early Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 4000 BC to 701 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Prehistoric - 4000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Neolithic to Early Bronze Age - 3000 BC to 1501 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Middle Bronze Age to Late Bronze Age - 1600 BC to 701 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Middle Saxon to Late Saxon - 651 AD to 1065 AD)
  • SETTLEMENT (Middle Saxon to Late Saxon - 651 AD to 1065 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Saxon to Medieval - 851 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds

  • METAL WORKING DEBRIS (Unknown date)
  • METAL WORKING DEBRIS (Unknown date)
  • QUERN (Undated)
  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FLAKE (Early Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 4000 BC to 701 BC)
  • FLAKE (Late Prehistoric - 4000 BC to 42 AD)
  • BORER? (Late Neolithic to Early Bronze Age - 3000 BC to 1501 BC)
  • CASTING WASTE (Middle Bronze Age to Late Bronze Age - 1600 BC to 800 BC)
  • POT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • BRICK (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BROOCH (Roman - 43 AD to 65 AD)
  • FURNITURE FITTING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • TILE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 117 AD to 138 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 125 AD to 138 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 275 AD to 280 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 293 AD to 296 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 296 AD to 305 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 348 AD to 350 AD)
  • BROOCH (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • DIE STAMP (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • PATRIX (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • POT (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • POT (Early Saxon to Middle Saxon - 450 AD to 700 AD)
  • BROOCH (Early Saxon - 500 AD to 600 AD)
  • BROOCH (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • PIN (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • POT (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • STRAP END (Middle Saxon to Late Saxon - 651 AD to 1065 AD)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Middle Saxon to Late Saxon - 651 AD to 1065 AD)
  • BROOCH (Middle Saxon to Late Saxon - 800 AD to 900 AD)
  • BROOCH (Middle Saxon to Medieval - 850 AD to 1066 AD)
  • STRAP END (Middle Saxon to Late Saxon - 850 AD to 1065 AD)
  • BROOCH (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • FURNITURE FITTING (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • POT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • BROOCH (Late Saxon - 900 AD to 1000 AD)
  • HARNESS FITTING (Late Saxon to Medieval - 1000 AD to 1100 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • CAULDRON (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • KEY (LOCKING) (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • SPINDLE WHORL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STRAP END (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • VESSEL (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • WEIGHT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • HARNESS MOUNT (Medieval - 1100 AD to 1400 AD)
  • HARNESS PENDANT (Medieval - 1100 AD to 1200 AD)
  • STEELYARD WEIGHT (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1100 AD to 1700 AD)
  • WEIGHT (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1100 AD to 1700 AD)
  • WEIGHT (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1100 AD to 1700 AD)
  • WEIGHT (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1100 AD to 1700 AD)
  • HARNESS PENDANT (Medieval - 1150 AD to 1300 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1200 AD to 1500 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Medieval - 1200 AD to 1400 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1218 AD to 1222 AD)
  • WEIGHT (Medieval - 1300 AD to 1500 AD)
  • WEIGHT (Medieval - 1300 AD to 1500 AD)
  • CANDLESTICK (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1400 AD to 1600 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BUTTON (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • CLOTH SEAL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • CROTAL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • POT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • SPUR (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • TOKEN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • VESSEL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • WEIGHT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN (Post Medieval - 1578 AD to 1578 AD)
  • BUTTON (Post Medieval - 1600 AD to 1700 AD)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Photograph: I & RS. Digital finds image.
---Map: Finder's Map..
---Article in Serial: Gurney, D. (ed.). 1994. Excavations and Surveys in Norfolk 1993. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XLII Pt I pp 115-123. pp 118-119.
---Secondary File: Secondary file.
<S1>Unpublished Document: Penn, K.. 2002. NAU Report No. 712. Report on an Archaeological Strip, Map and Sample Excavation at Manor Farm, Morley St Bolph, Norfolk..
<S2>Unpublished Document: Davison, A.. 1994. Results of Fieldwalking around Morley Research Centre (Manor Farm).
<S3>Unpublished Document: Bull, M. R.. 2012. NPS Archaeology Report 2864. Archaeological Watching Brief at Manor Farm, Morley St Boltoph, Norfolk..
<S4>Illustration: Gibbons, J.. 2010. Drawing of an Early Saxon bracteate die.. Film. 2:1.
<S5>Illustration: Gibbons, J.. 2010. Impression of an Early Saxon bracteate die.. Film. 2:1.

Related records - none

Find out more...

Norfolk County Council logo Heritage Lottery Fund logo

Powered by HBSMR-web and the HBSMR Gateway from exeGesIS SDM Ltd, and mojoPortal CMS
© 2007 - 2019 Norfolk Historic Environment Service