Record Details

NHER Number:29937
Type of record:Monument
Name:Middle to Late Saxon settlement and multi-period finds

Summary

Metal-detecting between 1993 and 2016 recovered late prehistoric worked flints, including a Neolithic blade and Neolithic to Bronze Age scrapers; Iron Age to post-medieval pottery sherds; Roman brick and tile fragments; a fragment of lava quern stone; Roman, medieval and post-medieval coins; medieval to post-medieval tokens and Middle Bronze Age to post-medieval and undatable metal objects. The metal finds include undatable metalworking debris; a Middle/Late Bronze Age casting jet; a Roman brooch and furniture fitting; Early Saxon brooches, a die stamp and a patrix; a Middle Saxon brooch and pin; Middle/Late Saxon strap-end, a brooch and a unidentified object; a Middle Saxon/medieval brooch; Late Saxon brooches, a strap-end, furniture fitting and bridle side-link from horse harness; a Late Saxon/medieval harness fitting; medieval to post-medieval dress accessories; a Late Saxon to post-medieval spindle whorl; a medieval key, spindle whorl, weights and a harness mount and pendants; a medieval/post-medieval candlestick, copper alloy vessel, cauldron fragments and lead weights and a post-medieval cloth seal, crotal bell, weight and spur fragment.
The Middle to Late Saxon pottery and metal objects recovered, which were concentrated in the north-eastern part of the site, suggests that there was a small settlement in this area from the Middle Saxon period, with more intense activity in the Late Saxon period. Excavations in the southwest of the field in 2002 and 2011 did not record any archaeological features, indicating that any activity was focused in the northern portion of the field.

Images

  • Early Saxon bracteate die from NHER 29937  © Norfolk County Council
  • Early Saxon bracteate patrix from NHER 29937  © Norfolk County Council
  • Early Saxon bracteate patrix cast from NHER 29937  © Norfolk County Council
  • Late Saxon furniture fitting from NHER 29937  © Norfolk County Council
  • Post-medieval cloth seal from NHER 29937  © Norfolk County Council
  • Early Saxon brooch from NHER 29937  © Norfolk County Council
  • Late Saxon strap-end from NHER 29937  © Norfolk County Council
  • Late Saxon brooch from NHER 29937  © Norfolk County Council
  • Late Saxon brooch from NHER 29937  © Norfolk County Council
  • Medieval candlestick from NHER 29937  © Norfolk County Council
  • Early Saxon small-long brooch from NHER 29937  © Norfolk County Council
  • Middle Saxon ansate brooch from NHER 29937  © Norfolk County Council
  • Romano-British furniture fitting from NHER 29937  © Norfolk County Council

Location

Grid Reference:Not displayed
Map Sheet:TM09NE
Parish:MORLEY, SOUTH NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

August 1993. Fieldwalking finds.
Detailed search in squares as on report in file.
Iron Age, Roman, Early Saxon, Middle Saxon, Late Saxon, medieval sherds.
Roman brick and tile.
Worked flints.
Lava quern.
Concentration of Middle Saxon pottery, suggesting that this was the site of a small Middle Saxon settlement. Activity intensified in the Late Saxon period, but very little early medieval pottery was recovered.
See report (S1) for further details. See also detailed lists and site plans in file. The results of this work are summarised in (S2).
E. Rose (NLA), 17 August 1993. Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 1 April 2015.

February 2001. Metal detecting.
Undatable metalworking debris: 2 flattish shapeless blobs of molten copper alloy, weighing 5.74 and 19.54g, found 4m apart at [1].
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 20 April 2002.

April 2002. Strip Map and Sample Excavation.
No features.
Early Saxon small-long brooch, later 5th/early 6th century.
3 post medieval lead weights.
See report (S3) for details.
J. Allen (NLA), 15 July 2002.

September-October 2010. Metal-detecting.
Prehistoric flint flake, Early Saxon patrix for striking a bracteate (S5)-(S6), Late Saxon, medieval and post-medieval metal objects, medieval coin and post-medieval token.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (HES), 15 November 2010.

October-November 2010. Metal-detecting.
2 medieval and 1 post-medieval coin, Early Saxon, Middle Saxon, medieval and post-medieval metal objects.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (HES), 17 December 2010.

November-December 2010. Metal-detecting.
Medieval, post-medieval and undatable metal objects.
See list in file.
A. Rogerson (HES), 15 January 2011.

Before 31 August 2011. Metal-detecting.
Medieval or post-medieval copper-alloy vessel leg.
See description in file.
S. Ashley (HES), 22 September 2011.

Before September-October 2011. Metal-detecting.
One Roman coin , Late Saxon pot sherds, medieval, medieval/post-medieval and post-medieval metal objects.
See lists in file.
S. Ashley (HES), 18 November 2011.

October-November 2011. Metal-detecting.
Two Roman and one post-medieval coin, Roman, Middle Saxon, medieval and post-medieval metal objects.
See lists in file.
S. Ashley (HES), 10 January 2012 and A. Rogerson (HES), 24 January 2012.

October - November 2011. Watching Brief.
Monitoring of groundworks for construction of a new barn recorded no archaeological finds or features.
See report (S4) for further details.
H. Hamilton (HES), 14 November 2012.

December 2011-January 2012. Metal-detecting.
Two Roman coins, four Middle Saxon/Late Saxon strap-ends and unidentified object and a Late Saxon disc brooch.
See lists in file.
S. Ashley (HES), 21 February 2012.

August-September 2012. Metal-detecting. [2].
Middle/Late Bronze Age casting jet or sprue.
1 Roman coin.
Early Saxon probable small-long brooch.
Middle/Late Saxon openwork disc or "cogwheel" brooch.
Late Saxon strap-end.
Late Saxon/medieval double-ended harness link.
1 medieval coin, 1 pottery sherd and a copper alloy strap-slide.
Medieval/post-medieval copper alloy candlestick fragment.
Information from PAS import.
A. Beckham (HES), 2 November 2012.

September-October 2013. Metal-detecting. [3].
4 Neolithic/Bronze Age flint flakes.
1 Late Neolithic/Early Bronze Age piercer/awl.
Roman brooch.
Late Saxon brooch.
Medieval/post-medieval lead steelyard weight and other lead weights.
Information from PAS import. See finder's map in file.
P. Watkins (HES), 2 December 2013.

July-September 2014. Metal-detecting. [4].
Medieval weights.
Information from PAS import.
A. Beckham (HES), 3 November 2014.

September-October 2014. Metal-detecting. [5].
2 Early Saxon pottery sherds.
Medieval harness mount and harness pendants.
Medieval/post-medieval lead weights.
Post-medieval button.
Information from PAS import.
A. Beckham (HES), 3 December 2014.

September-October 2015. Metal-detecting. [1].
Neolithic/Bronze Age flint scraper.
Information from PAS import.
A. Beckham (HES), 5 February 2016.

January-February 2016. Metal-detecting. [7].
NMD022016 - PAS details to follow.
A. Beckham (HES), 29 February 2016.

February-March 2016. Metal-detecting. [8].
Neolithic flint scraper.
Neolithic/Bronze Age flint flakes.
?Saxon to ?medieval ?strap fitting.
Late Saxon bridle side-link from horse harness.
Late Saxon to post-medieval spindle whorl.
Medieval strap-end.
Medieval/post-medieval lead weight.
Information from PAS import.
A. Beckham (HES), 1 May 2016.

April-May 2016. Metal-detecting. [9].
Neolithic flint blade.
Medieval harness pendant.
1 medieval/post-medieval token.
Information from PAS import.
A. Beckham (HES), 4 July 2016.

Monument Types

  • FINDSPOT (Unknown date)
  • FINDSPOT (Prehistoric - 1000000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Early Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 4000 BC to 701 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Prehistoric - 4000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Neolithic to Early Bronze Age - 3000 BC to 1501 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Middle Bronze Age to Late Bronze Age - 1600 BC to 701 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Early Saxon - 410 AD to 650 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Middle Saxon to Late Saxon - 651 AD to 1065 AD)
  • SETTLEMENT (Middle Saxon to Late Saxon - 651 AD to 1065 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Saxon to Medieval - 851 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval to 19th Century - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds

  • METAL WORKING DEBRIS (Unknown date)
  • METAL WORKING DEBRIS (Unknown date)
  • QUERN (Undated)
  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Lower Palaeolithic to Late Iron Age - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • BLADE (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • FLAKE (Early Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 4000 BC to 701 BC)
  • FLAKE (Early Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 4000 BC to 701 BC)
  • FLAKE (Early Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 4000 BC to 701 BC)
  • FLAKE (Late Prehistoric - 4000 BC to 42 AD)
  • SCRAPER (MUSICAL) (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • SCRAPER (TOOL) (Early Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 4000 BC to 701 BC)
  • BORER? (Late Neolithic to Early Bronze Age - 3000 BC to 1501 BC)
  • CASTING WASTE (Middle Bronze Age to Late Bronze Age - 1600 BC to 801 BC)
  • POT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • BRICK (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BROOCH (Roman - 43 AD to 65 AD)
  • FURNITURE FITTING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • STUD (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • TILE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 117 AD to 138 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 125 AD to 138 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 275 AD to 280 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 293 AD to 296 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 296 AD to 305 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 348 AD to 350 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Early Saxon to 14th Century - 410 AD to 1400 AD)
  • BROOCH (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • DIE STAMP (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • PATRIX (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • POT (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • POT (Early Saxon to Middle Saxon - 450 AD to 700 AD)
  • BROOCH (Early Saxon - 500 AD to 600 AD)
  • BROOCH (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • PIN (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • POT (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • STRAP END (Middle Saxon to Late Saxon - 651 AD to 1065 AD)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Middle Saxon to Late Saxon - 651 AD to 1065 AD)
  • BROOCH (Middle Saxon to Late Saxon - 800 AD to 900 AD)
  • BROOCH (Middle Saxon to Medieval - 850 AD to 1066 AD)
  • BROOCH (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • FURNITURE FITTING (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • POT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • STRAP END (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • BROOCH (Late Saxon - 900 AD to 1000 AD)
  • HARNESS FITTING (Late Saxon to Medieval - 1000 AD to 1100 AD)
  • HARNESS FITTING (Late Saxon to Medieval - 1000 AD to 1100 AD)
  • SPINDLE WHORL (Late Saxon to 16th Century - 1000 AD to 1600 AD)
  • SPINDLE WHORL (Late Saxon to 16th Century - 1000 AD to 1600 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • CAULDRON (Medieval to 19th Century - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • KEY (LOCKING) (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • SPINDLE WHORL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STRAP END (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • VESSEL (Medieval to 19th Century - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • WEIGHT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • HARNESS MOUNT (Medieval to 14th Century - 1100 AD to 1400 AD)
  • HARNESS PENDANT (Medieval to 12th Century - 1100 AD to 1200 AD)
  • STEELYARD WEIGHT (Medieval to 17th Century - 1100 AD to 1700 AD)
  • WEIGHT (Medieval to 17th Century - 1100 AD to 1700 AD)
  • WEIGHT (Medieval to 17th Century - 1100 AD to 1700 AD)
  • WEIGHT (Medieval to 17th Century - 1100 AD to 1700 AD)
  • HARNESS PENDANT (12th Century to 13th Century - 1150 AD to 1300 AD)
  • COIN (12th Century to 13th Century - 1180 AD to 1247 AD)
  • HARNESS PENDANT (12th Century to 14th Century - 1200 AD to 1400 AD)
  • POT (12th Century to 15th Century - 1200 AD to 1500 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (12th Century to 14th Century - 1200 AD to 1400 AD)
  • COIN (13th Century - 1218 AD to 1222 AD)
  • COIN (13th Century to 14th Century - 1299 AD to 1301 AD)
  • COIN (13th Century - 1300 AD to 1300 AD)
  • STRAP END (13th Century to 14th Century - 1300 AD to 1400 AD)
  • TOKEN (13th Century to 17th Century - 1300 AD to 1700 AD)
  • WEIGHT (13th Century to 15th Century - 1300 AD to 1500 AD)
  • WEIGHT (13th Century to 15th Century - 1300 AD to 1500 AD)
  • COIN (14th Century - 1344 AD to 1351 AD)
  • CANDLESTICK (14th Century to 16th Century - 1400 AD to 1600 AD)
  • BUCKLE (15th Century to 16th Century - 1450 AD to 1600 AD)
  • WEIGHT (15th Century to 16th Century - 1495 AD to 1549 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BUTTON (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • CLOTH SEAL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • CROTAL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • POT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • SPUR (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • TOKEN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • VESSEL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • WEIGHT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN (16th Century - 1578 AD to 1578 AD)
  • BUTTON (16th Century to 17th Century - 1600 AD to 1700 AD)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Photograph: I & RS. Digital finds image.
---Map: Finder's Map..
---Secondary File: Secondary File.
<S1>Unpublished Document: Davison, A.. 1994. Results of Fieldwalking around Morley Research Centre (Manor Farm).
<S2>Article in Serial: Gurney, D. (ed.). 1994. Excavations and Surveys in Norfolk 1993. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XLII Pt I pp 115-123. pp 118-119.
<S3>Unpublished Contractor Report: Penn, K. 2002. Report on an Archaeological Strip, Map and Sample Excavation at Manor Farm, Morley St Bolph, Norfolk. Norfolk Archaeological Unit. 712.
<S4>Unpublished Contractor Report: Bull, M. R. 2012. Archaeological Watching Brief at Manor Farm, Morley St Boltoph, Norfolk. NPS Archaeology. 2864.
<S5>Illustration: Gibbons, J.. 2010. Drawing of an Early Saxon bracteate die.. Film. 2:1.
<S6>Illustration: Gibbons, J.. 2010. Impression of an Early Saxon bracteate die.. Film. 2:1.
<S7>Illustration: Gibbons J.. 2016. Drawing of Early Saxon gilt copper alloy Saucer brooch. Film. 2:1.

Related records - none

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