Record Details

NHER Number:28700
Type of record:Monument
Name:Site of Roman settlement, medieval enclosures and multi-period finds

Summary

A concentrated scatter of Roman pottery recovered from this site by fieldwalking suggests that it is the site of a Roman settlement. The cropmarks of rectangular enclosures, probably dating from the medieval or post medieval periods are visible on aerial photographs. Late Saxon, medieval and post medieval pottery has been found by fieldwalking on the site. A Roman coin and a brooch, and medieval and post medieval metalwork, including a coin weight depicting St Michael spearing a dragon, found by metal detecting.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TG 18 32
Map Sheet:TG13SE
Parish:ERPINGHAM, NORTH NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

1991. Fieldwalking finds. 'Field W21'.
Roman, Late Saxon, medieval, post medieval sherds.
Roman tile. Roman finds form concentration.
See full details in file.
E. Rose (NLA) 6 January 1992.

1992. Metal detecting survey.
Lead weight, conical with pierced central lobe ?date.
Medieval copper alloy vessel rim fragment.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 6 April 1993.

November/December 1996. Metal detecting finds.
Medieval and post medieval buckles.
Roman and undated sherds.
See list in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 3 January 1997.

Up to November 1996. Metal detecting finds.
Roman brooch and coin.
Medieval/Post medieval coin weight.
Medieval and post medieval metal finds.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 12 December 1996.

January/February 1997. Metal detecting finds.
2 worked flints.
See file (one possibly an oblique arrowhead). Identified by H. Geake (A&E).
Bent rectangular copper alloy sheet, now in 2 halves, 3 holes in a row at one end, the central one with copper alloy rivet. Opposite end may be broken. Decorated with 2 longitudinal grooves. Uncertain function, but perhaps a reinforcing or binding strip, from a ?box. Medieval.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 3 March 1997.

26 June 1996. NLA air photography.
Cropmarks of a clearly defined set of broad ditched rectilinear enclosures (see Notes).
The enclosure has several internal sub divisions and a large pit like feature. A sub-recatangular enclosure sits within the main area. The ditch is extremely wide and may have a moated element to its design. The ditches around the exterior join up with existing boundaries and hedgelines on the ground.
It seems likely that these enclosures date from the medieval period, possibly continuing into the post medieval.
S. Massey (NLA), 30 August 2001.

The concentration of Roman pottery recovered from this site suggests that is the site of a Roman settlement.
See (S1).
S. Spooner (NLA) 15 November 2005

Monument Types

  • FINDSPOT (Unknown date)
  • PIT (Unknown date)
  • FINDSPOT (Prehistoric - 1000000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • SETTLEMENT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • RECTILINEAR ENCLOSURE (Medieval to 19th Century - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds

  • POT (Undated)
  • WEIGHT (Undated)
  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Lower Palaeolithic to Late Iron Age - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • TRANSVERSE ARROWHEAD (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • BROOCH (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • TILE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • BOX (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • COIN WEIGHT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • VESSEL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN WEIGHT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • POT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • VESSEL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.A. (NLA). 1996. TG 1831B.
---Photograph: JHS 22, 23, Romano British brooch..
---Secondary File: Secondary File.
<S1>Article in Serial: Davison, A. 1995. The Field Archaeology of the Mannington and Wolterton Estates. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XLII Pt II pp 160-184.

Related records - none

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