Record Details

NHER Number:28495
Type of record:Find Spot
Name:Bronze Age to post medieval metal objects, coins and pottery sherds

Summary

Metal detecting between 1990 and 1993 recovered a large number of objects from the Bronze Age to the post medieval periods. This includes the tip of a Bronze Age spear, an Iron Age domed stud decorated with triquetra, an Early Saxon copper alloy bowl with a textile impression and a possible Early Saxon silver brooch fragment.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:Not displayed
Map Sheet:TM19NE
Parish:WRENINGHAM, SOUTH NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

1990. Metal detector find [1].
Medieval bronze strap end with broken hook at base, undulating top-edge on front plate, decorated with large ring-and-dot, 2 rivets.
Medieval bronze thimble
Bronze Age tip of spearhead, very abraded.
Polaroid (S1) in NCM.
Iron Age copper alloy 'dumb-bell' shaped toggle, central loop broken. Polaroid (S1) NCM
Roman Hod Hill variant, foot broken off, pin missing, traces of enamel in toothed pattern in centre of bow.
Colchester derivative, fragment of wire pin.
?Roman/Early Saxon barrel-shaped ceramic bead. Polaroids (S1) NCM.
?Early Saxon silver ?brooch fragment with cast spiral ornament imitating filigree.
Medieval 15th century French jetton
Identified by S. Margeson (NCM), except Iron Age toggle, identified by R. Jackson (British Museum).
S. Margeson (NCM), 13 December 1990

1990. Metal detecting by [2].
Medieval copper alloy ring (brooch or buckle), slightly facetted, roughly made.
Medieval gilded copper alloy harness bell with long pierced shank and globular bell made of sheet metal cut into four segments at base to make openings.
Medieval gilded copper alloy buckle frame fragment.
Medieval copper alloy cast vessel fragment.
Post medieval double-looped copper alloy buckle fragment with engraved ribbing on frame, tongue looped around.
Post medieval slightly convex copper alloy ?stud head with engraved lines and eight pointed star on front.
16th century double-looped copper alloy buckle frame fragment with rosette on frame.
S. Margeson (NCM), 12 December 1990

August 1991. Further finds by [1]
Medieval bronze spout (tapering and undecorated)
15th/16th century bronze trefoil harness or bell mount with spikes for attachment.
Polaroid (S1) NCM.
S. Margeson (NCM), 5 September 1991

October 1991. Further metal detector finds
Five Roman coins.
See list in file.
Roman gilt bronze plate brooch, glass boss missing.
?Roman decorated base fragment of bronze vessel.
Early Saxon side knob of a florid cruciform brooch- late 6th century.
Medieval circular attachment plate for harness pendant, with central rivet hole and H-shaped lug. Loop and fragment of pendant survive. Plate is decorated with punched annulets and is white-metal coated.
16th century circular buckle.
16th century double-looped buckle fragment with moulded tongue and rest.
Polaroids (S1) NCM.
Roman coin identified by J. Davies (NCM), 30 October 1991.
Roman brooch by D. Mackreth, 3 December 1991.
Early Saxon brooch identified by E. B. Green (NCM), 30 October 1991.
Others by S. Margeson (NCM).
W. Milligan (NCM), 30 October 1991.

July/August 1992. Metal detector finds.
Fragment of side looped spearhead, Middle Bronze Age, (S2).
Iron Age terret fragment, (S3).
Roman furniture or box knob.
Dolphin type brooch.
Three very worn Roman coins.
See list in file.
?Middle Saxon bronze pin head (biconical).
Medieval gilt bronze scallop shell buckle, two pierced holes.
Medieval bronze belt mount, central boss with pierced hole and engraved transverse lines. Rivets in lobes.
Medieval H-shaped lug and attachment plate with two integral shanks for harness pendant.
Early post medieval gilded harness mount.
Early post medieval fragment of openwork boss decorated with pairs of spirals on leaf-shaped lobes. Possible harness.
Early post medieval bronze disc with arm fragment attachment. Compass drawn circle on disc ?function.
16th century bronze end cap from knife.
Identified S. Margeson (NCM), 14 September 1992.
Polaroids (S1) in file.
W. Milligan (NCM), 16 September 1992.

1992.
Large bronze wase ?date. Weight 277 gms.
Large cloth seal ?18th century. SHANKS around edge. LEEDS across centre.
W. Milligan (NCM), 17 November 1992.

1992. Metal detector finds.
?Early Saxon bronze bowl (undecorated) plus textile impression.
Roman greyware sherd.
W. Milligan (NCM), 11 September 1992.

1993. Metal detector finds.
Six 1st-4th century coins.
See list in file.
Identified by J. Davies (NCM), 23 September 1993.
W. Milligan (NCM), 14 October 1993.

1993. Metal detector find.
Iron Age domed stud, part of object, decorated with triquetra, (S4).
Polaroid (S1) in file.
W. Milligan (NCM), 10 November 1993.

Monument Types

  • FINDSPOT (Unknown date)
  • FINDSPOT (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Early Saxon - 410 AD to 650 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds

  • METAL WORKING DEBRIS (Undated)
  • SPEAR (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • SPEAR (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • HARNESS (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • STUD (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • TOGGLE (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • BEAD (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BOX (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BROOCH (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FURNITURE FITTING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • VESSEL (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BEAD (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • BROOCH (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • TEXTILE (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • VESSEL (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • PIN (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • BELL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BROOCH (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • HARNESS (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • THIMBLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • TOKEN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • VESSEL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • HARNESS (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • KNIFE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • PERSONAL ORNAMENT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • SEAL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • STUD (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Monograph: Ashley, S. 2002. Medieval Armorial Horse Furniture in Norfolk. East Anglian Archaeology. No 101.
---Secondary File: Secondary File.
<S1>Photograph: NCC Find Identification and Recording Service. c. 1975-2000. HES Find Polaroid Collection. HES Find Polaroid Collection. polaroid. black and white.
<S2>Illustration: Unknown. 1992. Drawing of a Middle Bronze Age socketed spearhead.. Paper. Unknown.
<S3>Illustration: Unknown. 1992. Drawing of an Iron Age terret.. Paper. Unknown.
<S4>Illustration: White, S.. 1993. Drawing of an Iron Age doomed stud.. Film. 2:1.

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