Record Details

NHER Number:28130
Type of record:Monument
Name:Roman settlement and multi-period finds

Summary

Extensive metal-detecting between 1991 and 2011 has recovered Prehistoric worked flints; Romano-British, Early Saxon, Middle Saxon, medieval and post-medieval pottery; Romano-British tile fragments; Roman, Iron Age, Middle Saxon and Late Saxon coins and Iron Age to post-medieval metal objects. The metal finds include Iron Age, Roman, Early Saxon and Middle Saxon brooches; an Iron Age tankard handle; a Roman penannular bracelet fragment; Middle Saxon strap fittings and pins, including one with an unusual cross-shaped head; Late Saxon strap fittings and medieval and medieval/post-medieval dress accessories. The quantity of Roman coins, pottery, tile and other finds suggest that this is the site of a Roman settlement.

Images

  • A medieval nummular brooch from West Rudham.  © Norfolk Museums & Archaeology Service

Location

Grid Reference:TF 8184 2758
Map Sheet:TF82NW
Parish:WEST RUDHAM, WEST NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

Early 1991. Found with metal detecting in fieldwalking.
Roman to post medieval pottery and tile, coins etc.
Large concentration of Roman material.
See details in file.
A. Rogerson (NAU) 29 April 1991.

First half 1992. Further finds.
Roman/Medieval sherds and metalwork.
See list in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA) 1992.

Early 1992. Metal detecting finds.
Roman coin.
Medieval jetton and metalwork.
Middle Saxon, medieval sherds.
See file for details.
A. Rogerson (NLA) 29 September 1992.

1992/3.
1 worked flint.
1 Roman coin.
Post medieval knife cap.
Details in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA) 5 July 1993.

Spring 1994. Metal detecting finds.
Roman, Middle Saxon, Late Saxon, medieval metalwork medieval and post medieval coins.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA) 27 June 1994.

November/December 1994. Metal detecting finds. Generally located finds.
2 Early Saxon brooch fragments and post medieval hooked tag.
See list in file.
2 Roman coins, 1 medieval jetton.
See list in file.
Identified by J. Davies (NCM) and S. Margeson (NCM).
A. Rogerson (NLA) 9 January 1995.

1994. Generally located.
Roman, medieval, post medieval coins.
Roman bracelet.
Early Saxon girdle hanger.
Middle Saxon pin.
Medieval strap end.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA) 20 March 1995.

April 1995.
Roman coins.
Roman toilet implement.
Middle Saxon pin.
Late Saxon brooch.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA) 2 June 1995.

October 1997. Metal detecting finds.
Roman and medieval coins.
Middle Saxon, Late Saxon and medieval objects.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA) 29 November 1997.

January 1998. Metal detecting finds. Strip along west edge of field.
4 Roman coins.
Middle Saxon pendant.
Post medieval sword belt mount.
Medieval pilgrim badge.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA) 27 February 1998.

February 1998. Metal detecting finds.
Roman, Late Saxon and medieval coins.
Late Saxon enamel disc brooch.
Medieval key.
Post medieval weight container lid.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA) 3 April 1998.

September 1998. Metal detecting finds.
Medieval coins.
Post medieval token.
Early Saxon, medieval and post medieval metal finds.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA) 30 October 1998.

January 1999. Metal detecting.
Iron Age/ Roman/ Early Saxon/Middle Saxon and medieval metal finds.
See lists in file.
1 Iron Age gold coin
1 medieval sherd
19 Roman coins
1 post medieval coin
1 post medieval token
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA) February 1999.

1999. Metal detecting
3 Roman and 1 post medieval coin
Early Saxon, Middle Saxon and medieval metal finds.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA) 5 June 1999.

January 2000. Metal detecting. See Notes.
10 Roman and 2 medieval coins.
2 post medieval tokens.
Roman, Middle Saxon, Late Saxon and medieval sherds.
A. Rogerson (NLA) 7 March 2000

February 2000. Metal detecting.
4 Roman coins. See Notes .
Neolithic flint sickle. See Notes and (S1).
Identified by P. A. Robins (NCM)
A. Rogerson (NLA) 1 April 2000.

March 2000. Metal detecting.
12 Roman, 1 medieval coin.
Middle Saxon/Late Saxon and medieval metal finds, found by [1].
See lists with map showing area searched in file.
Silver pendant cross found by [2] in September 1998 disclaimed as Treasure.
Identified by H. M. Geake (A&E)
A. Rogerson (NLA) 24 April 2000 and 16 June 2000.

Before November 2001. Metal detecting.
19 Roman coins.
5 medieval coins.
3 post medieval coins.
Roman, medieval, post medieval and undatable metal finds.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 13 December 2001.

December 2001. Metal detecting.
Iron Age tankard handle, (S2).
See description in file.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 4 February 2002.

January 2002. Metal detecting.
8 Roman coins.
2 medieval coins.
?Roman and post medieval metal finds.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 23 February 2002.

May/June 2003. Metal detecting. See Notes.
10 Roman coins.
Roman brooch fragment.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 7 July 2003.

September/October 2003. Metal detecting.
6 Roman coins.
Roman, Middle Saxon, Late Saxon and post medieval metal objects.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 8 November 2003.

December 2003 to January 2004. Metal detecting in two areas.
10 Roman, 3 medieval and 1 post medieval coins.
Roman, Late Saxon, medieval and post medieval sherds.
Roman, Early Saxon and medieval metal objects.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 7 February 2004.

September/October 2004. Metal detecting.
Middle Saxon pin with remarkable cross-shaped head, (S3).
See description in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 8 November 2004.

June - July 2006. Metal detecting.
Late Roman military strap end (S4) and late 11th century lead nummular brooch (S5).
See descriptions in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 28 August 2006.

October - November 2006. Metal detecting.
Mesolithic/Neolithic flint blade.
Prehistoric flint flake.
14 Roman coins.
Roman, Early Saxon, Middle Saxon, Late Saxon and medieval metal objects.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 8 December 2006.

May-June 2007. Metal detecting.
2 Roman, 4 medieval and 1 post medieval coin. Romano-British, Middle Saxon and medieval metal finds.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 9 July 2007.

August 2007-October 2011. Metal-detecting.
Twenty Roman and two medieval coins, Roman, Early Saxon, Middle/Late Saxon, Late Saxon, medieval, medieval/post-medieval and undatable metal objects.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (HES), 31 May 2012.

October-November 2011. Metal-detecting.
One Middle Saxon coin.
See lists in file.
A. Marsden (HES), 12 December 2011.

Monument Types

  • FINDSPOT (Unknown date)
  • FINDSPOT (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Early Mesolithic to Late Neolithic - 10000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Prehistoric - 4000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Roman to Early Saxon - 43 AD to 650 AD)
  • SETTLEMENT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds

  • METAL WORKING DEBRIS (Unknown date)
  • NAIL (Undated)
  • WEIGHT (Unknown date)
  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • BLADE (Early Mesolithic to Late Neolithic - 10000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • FLAKE (Late Prehistoric - 4000 BC to 42 AD)
  • BOW BROOCH (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • BROOCH (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • COIN (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • TANKARD (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • BOW BROOCH (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BRACELET (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BROOCH (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BROOCH (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BROOCH (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINGER RING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FLUE TILE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FURNITURE FITTING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FURNITURE FITTING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • HARNESS FITTING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • HARNESS MOUNT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • KEY (LOCKING) (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • KEY (LOCKING) (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • NAIL (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • NECKLACE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • PIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • ROOF TILE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • SPOON (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • STRAP END (Roman to Early Saxon - 43 AD to 650 AD)
  • TOILET ARTICLE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • WEIGHT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BROOCH (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • BROOCH (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • GIRDLE HANGER (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • POT (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • SLEEVE CLASP (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • SLEEVE CLASP (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • TWEEZERS (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • BROOCH (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • PENDANT (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • PENDANT (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • PIN (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • PIN (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • PIN (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • POT (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • SPOON (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • STRAP END (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • STRAP END (Middle Saxon to Late Saxon - 651 AD to 1065 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • TWEEZERS (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • WEIGHT (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • COIN (Middle Saxon - 827 AD to 845 AD)
  • BROOCH (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • COIN (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • MINIATURE OBJECT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • POT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • STRAP END (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • SWORD (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • WEIGHT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • BROOCH (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BROOCH (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • CRUCIFIX (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • DRESS COMPONENT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • DRESS FASTENER (DRESS) (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • FERRULE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINGER RING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FURNITURE FITTING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • HARNESS (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • KEY (LOCKING) (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • KNIFE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • PENDANT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • PILGRIM BADGE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • ROOF TILE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • SEAL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • SEAL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • SPOON (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • SPUR (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STUD (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • TOILET ARTICLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • TOKEN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • VESSEL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • VESSEL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1180 AD to 1180 AD)
  • BELL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BOOK FITTING (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BUTTON (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN WEIGHT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • HOOKED TAG (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • JETTON (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • KNIFE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • KNIFE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • POT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • ROWEL SPUR (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • SEAL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • SPOON (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • SPUR (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • TOKEN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • TOKEN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • WEIGHT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Protected Status

  • SHINE

Sources and further reading

---Photograph: HAN 36-8.
---Photograph: NLA. Finds Photograph.
---Photograph: I & RS. Digital finds image.
---Monograph: Ashley, S.. 2002. Medieval Armorial Horse Furniture in Norfolk.. East Anglian Archaeology. Vol 101.
---Photograph: JHZ 13-14, Middle/Late Saxon strap-end..
---Photograph: JHZ 15-19, Late Saxon sword pommell..
---Photograph: JHZ 20, Medieval seal matrix..
---Photograph: JHZ 21-22, Middle/Late Saxon ansate brooch..
---Photograph: JHZ 23, Early/Middle Saxon strap-end..
---Photograph: JHZ 25-26, Medieval knife handle fragment with figures on both sides..
---Photograph: JHZ 28-30, Middle/Late Saxon D-shaped buckle..
---Photograph: JJD 13, Middle Saxon cross shaped pendant..
---Thesis: Davies, G.. 2010. Settlement, economy and lifestyle: The changing social identities of the coastal settlements of West Norfolk, 450-1100 AD..
---Photograph: 1999. KSH 23-24, Iron Age colchester brooch..
---Photograph: 1999. KSH 21-22, Early Saxon wrist clasps..
---Photograph: 1999. KSH 19-20, Iron Age gold starter, gallo belgic E..
---Photograph: 1999. KSJ 8-9, Middle Saxon pendant..
---Photograph: 2000. KST 34, Middle/Late Saxon strap end fragment..
---Photograph: 2000. KST 31-33, Middle/Late Saxon weight..
---Photograph: 2004. KVE 13-14, Early Saxon brooch..
---Photograph: 1995. LDA 4-5, Middle Saxon ansate brooch..
---Photograph: 1995. LDA 6-7, Late Saxon cruciform disc brooch..
---Photograph: 1995. LDJ 9-10, Early Saxon cruciform brooch..
---Photograph: 1995. LDJ 11-13, Early Saxon small-long brooch..
---Secondary File: Secondary file.
---Photograph: 1994. LEE 1-2, Late Saxon lead strap-end mould..
---Photograph: 1994. LEE 3-4, Middle/Late Saxon strap-end..
---Photograph: 1994. LEE 5-6, Medieval harness fitting..
---Photograph: 1994. LEE 9-11, Late Saxon viking trefoil brooch..
<S1>Illustration: Robins, P.. 2000. Drawing of a Neolithic flint sickle.. Paper. 1:1.
<S2>Illustration: White, S.. 2002. Drawing of an Iron Age tankard handle.. Film. 1:1.
<S3>Illustration: Gibbons, J.. 2004. Drawing of a Middle Saxon copper alloy pin.. Film. 2:1.
<S4>Illustration: Gibbons, J.. 2006. Drawing of a Roman/Early Saxon copper alloy military belt fitting.. Film. 2:1.
<S5>Illustration: Gibbons, J.. 2006. Drawing of a medieval nummular brooch.. Film. 2:1.

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