Record Details

NHER Number:25887
Type of record:Monument
Name:Iron Age settlement/industrial site and multi-period finds

Summary

Two fieldwalking surveys were undertaken on this site prior to the construction of the Wymondham Bypass. This work identified a spread of worked flints, 'pot boilers' and Iron Age pottery. In 1993 this was followed by an excavation which discovered the presence of an Iron Age settlement and/or industrial site here. Features excavated include pit groups, four-post structures, quarries, and evidence for bone or antler working. Other industrial activities were also noted, comprising flint working, iron smelting,and the quarrying of natural boulder clay. Iron Age pottery, animal bone, flint worked antler and slag were recovered.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TM 1069 9921
Map Sheet:TM19NW
Parish:WYMONDHAM, SOUTH NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

25 February and 4 March 1990. Systematic fieldwalking.
Fieldwalking prior to construction of Wymondham Bypass (Field 30D):
58 prehistoric flints of unspecified types.
1 Mesolithic flint blade core, 1 'core burin' and 3 blades. Identified by J. J. Wymer. The blade core and the burin are illustrated in (S3).
41 Iron Age pottery sherds (gritty and sandy, predominantly the former).
11 Roman pottery sherds (including greyware, oxidised and Oxfordshire mortarium).
1 medieval pottery sherd (glazed).
1 medieval/post-medieval copper alloy button.
1 post-medieval pottery sherd (Glazed Red Earthenware).
See detailed identifications and location plan in file.
E. Rose (NLA), 31 October 1990. Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 23 February 2014.

3 February 1991. Further Fieldwalking.
Iron Age, Roman sherds
Potboiler site
Post medieval finds.
See file for details and NARG field recording sheet
D. Gurney (NLA), 4 October 1991

1992. Evaluation excavation revealed what were thought at the time to be a number of Iron Age round houses and associated material; also Roman and post medieval finds.
See evaluation report (S1) in file. This work was also reported in (S2).
E. Rose (NLA), 5 January 1993.

29 June 1993. NLA aerial photography.
Photos showing initial phases of Wymondam bypass excavations at Park Farm (NF15020).
S. Massey (NLA), 30 January 2001.

22 July 1993. NLA aerial photography.
Photos showing initial phases of Wymondham by-pass excavations at Park Farm, Silfield (NF 15020).
S. Massey (NLA), 31 January 2001.

6 August 1993. NLA aerial photography.
Overview of excavation on site of Wymondham bypass. General views and trenches can be clearly seen (in particular on closer shots). At Park Farm Silfield (NF 15020).
H. Clare (NLA), 5 February 2001.

June/September 1993. Area excavation in advance of highway construction.
Iron Age settlement or industrial site.
Features excavated include pit groups, four-post structures, quarries.
Evidence for bone/antler working, flint working, iron smelting,
quarrying of natural boulder clay.
Also series of medieval field ditches, post medieval pond.
Iron Age pot, animal bone, flint worked antler, slag.
Also Beaker sherds and flint.
Medieval pot.
Published in (S3). The results of this work were also summarised in (S4).
T. Ashwin (NAU). 22 February 1996.

March 2012. Norfolk NMP.
The cropmarks relating to the excavated medieval open field system have been recorded under NHER 57360, see record for details. The fragmentary cropmarks of former ditches and field boundaries have also been mapped to the north of this site and have tentatively been interpreted as being Iron Age, see NHER 57359.
S. Horlock (NMP), 07 March 2012.

Monument Types

  • BURNT MOUND (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Mesolithic - 10000 BC to 4001 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Neolithic to Early Bronze Age - 3000 BC to 1501 BC)
  • DITCH (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • IRON WORKING SITE (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • LITHIC WORKING SITE (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • PIT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • POST HOLE (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • QUARRY (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • ROUND HOUSE (DOMESTIC) (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • SETTLEMENT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • SETTLEMENT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • DITCH (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FIELD SYSTEM (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • POND (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds

  • ANIMAL REMAINS (Undated)
  • METAL WORKING DEBRIS (Undated)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Undated)
  • HAMMERSTONE (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • POT BOILER (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • BLADE (Mesolithic - 10000 BC to 4001 BC)
  • BLADE CORE (Mesolithic - 10000 BC to 4001 BC)
  • BURIN (Mesolithic - 10000 BC to 4001 BC)
  • BARBED AND TANGED ARROWHEAD (Beaker - 2300 BC to 1700 BC)
  • POT (Beaker - 2300 BC to 1700 BC)
  • ANIMAL REMAINS (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • CEREMONIAL OBJECT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • KNIFE (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • METAL WORKING DEBRIS (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • MOLLUSCA REMAINS (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • PLANT REMAINS (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • POT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • POT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • POT BOILER (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • WORKED OBJECT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • BRICK (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • TILE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BRICK (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BUTTON (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BUTTON (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • CLAY PIPE (SMOKING) (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • DOOR FITTING (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • HORSESHOE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • POT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • POT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • POT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • STUD (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • TILE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • TILE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • VESSEL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Photograph: FVT-FVX.
---Aerial Photograph: TM1099E-U,Z-AT.
---Article in serial: Young, R. and Humphrey, J. 1999. Flint Used in England after the Bronze Age: Time for a Re-Evaluation?. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society. Vol 65 pp 231-243.
---Aerial Photograph: TM 1099/ ABJ-ACD.
---Aerial Photograph: TM 1099 ABC-ABG.
---Aerial Photograph: TM 1099 ACE-ACL.
---Secondary File: Secondary file.
---Slide: Various. Slide.
---Fiche: Exists.
<S1>Unpublished document: Flitcroft, M.. 1992. NAU Report No. 28. Evaluation Report, Park Farm, Silfield, Wymondham..
<S2>Article in serial: Gurney, D. (ed.). 1993. Excavations and Surveys in Norfolk 1992. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XLI Pt IV pp 522-532. p 532.
<S3>Article in serial: Ashwin, T. 1996. Excavation of Iron Age Site at Silfield, Wymondham, Norfolk 1992-3. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XLII Pt III pp 241-282.
<S4>Article in serial: Gurney, D. (ed.). 1994. Excavations and Surveys in Norfolk 1993. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XLII Pt I pp 115-123. p 123.

Related records

57360Parent of: Cropmarks of medieval fields excavated under NHER 25887 (Monument)

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