Record Details

NHER Number:23223
Type of record:Find Spot
Name:Multi-period finds

Summary

Metal-detecting and fieldwalking between 1985 and 2015 prehistoric worked flint, including a possible Palaeolithic flint handaxe, a Late Upper Palaeolithic long blade fragment and a Mesolithic flint microlith; post-medieval pottery sherds; Roman and medieval coins and ?Roman to post-medieval metal objects. The metal finds include an unidentified ?Roman copper alloy objects; Early Saxon brooches (including one highly unusual example made from a cut down larger brooch), wrist clasps and a gilt belt/strap mount; medieval buckles, a furniture fitting and harness pendant and post-medieval musket balls, chest lock and lead cloth seal. A spread of building material was also identified.

Images

  • Paleolothic blade from NHER 23223  © Norfolk County Council

Location

Grid Reference:TM 03 87
Map Sheet:TM08NW
Parish:QUIDENHAM, BRECKLAND, NORFOLK

Full description

1985-1986. Fieldwalking and metal-detecting. [1] and [2].
Found within former parkland ('Mere Field'), on five raised areas reported parallel to river:
To north, scatter of flint building material, many harness rings and large quantities lead musket balls.
Other finds included:
1 Palaeolithic ?handaxe. Ochreous staining, very sharp condition. Probably from river dredgings. See sketch (S1).
1 Neolithic flint knife.
3 undatable prehistoric flint scrapers.
1 Roman coin.
1 ?Roman unidentified copper alloy object.
1 Early Saxon cruciform brooch. See drawing (S2).
1 medieval buckle and 1 harness pendant,
1 ?medieval ?rocker arm.
3 post-medieval pottery sherds (1 Westerwald stoneware and 2 Bellarmine) and 1 lead cloth seal.
1 undatable buckle and 1 lead spindle whorl.
Flints identified by J. J. Wymer (NAU) and other objects by A. Rogerson. See list, descriptions and finder's notes in file. The handaxe is also sketched on (S3) and listed in (S4) and (S5), although little additional information is given. These finds are also noted on (S6).
E. Rose (NAU) 9 February 1987. Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 9 April 2013.

1995. Metal-detecting. [3].
2 Roman coins (4th century).
Identified by J. Davies (NCM), see list in file.
W. Milligan (NCM) 28 March 1996.

Before 25 January 2002. Metal detecting.
Found at [4]:
1 Early Saxon brooch made from a cut-down reworked equal-armed brooch. See drawing (S7).
Found at [5]:
1 medieval coin.
See description and list in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA) 15 June 2002.

Before 16 October 2003. Metal-detecting.
1 medieval coin.
See list in file with grid reference.
A. Rogerson (NLA) 23 January 2004.

2003. Metal detecting.
Found at [6]:
1 Early Saxon gilt belt/strap mount. See drawing (S8).
See two Suffolk Archaeological Service Portable Antiquities Scheme Database sheets including scanned image (S7) in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA) 27 September 2004.

Before 2 April 2005. Metal detecting.
1 Mesolithic flint microlith.
1 Neolithic oblique flint arrowhead, 1 ?scraper, 1 retouched blade and 3 blades.
2 Early Saxon wrist clasps,
2 medieval coins and 1 furniture fitting.
1 post-medieval mounted lock from chest.
Flints identified by P. Robins (NCM), coins by A. Marsden (NLA) and other objects by A. Rogerson (NLA). See list and descriptions in file. These discoveries were reported in (S9).
A. Rogerson (NLA) 30 April 2005. Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 28 August 2014.

January-April 2015. Metal-detecting. [7].
Late Upper Palaeolithic long blade fragment.
Neolithic/Bronze Age flint flake.
Early Saxon brooch.
2 medieval coins, buckles and a harness pendant.
Information from PAS import.
A. Beckham (HES), 4 August 2015.

Monument Types

  • FINDSPOT (Lower Palaeolithic to Middle Palaeolithic - 1000000 BC to 40001 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Mesolithic - 10000 BC to 4001 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Early Saxon - 410 AD to 650 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds

  • ARCHITECTURAL FRAGMENT (Undated)
  • BUCKLE (Undated)
  • SPINDLE WHORL (Undated)
  • HANDAXE? (Lower Palaeolithic to Middle Palaeolithic - 500000 BC to 40001 BC)
  • SCRAPER (TOOL) (Lower Palaeolithic to Late Iron Age - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • BLADE (Upper Palaeolithic - 15000 BC to 10001 BC)
  • MICROLITH (Mesolithic - 10000 BC to 4001 BC)
  • BLADE (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • FLAKE (Early Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 4000 BC to 701 BC)
  • KNIFE (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • RETOUCHED BLADE (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • SCRAPER (TOOL)? (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • TRANSVERSE ARROWHEAD (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Roman - 43 AD? to 409 AD?)
  • BROOCH (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • BROOCH (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • SLEEVE CLASP (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • BROOCH (Early Saxon - 480 AD to 530 AD)
  • MOUNT (Early Saxon - 550 AD to 650 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FURNITURE FITTING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • HARNESS PENDANT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Medieval - 1066 AD? to 1539 AD?)
  • HARNESS PENDANT (Medieval to 13th Century - 1100 AD to 1300 AD)
  • COIN (12th Century - 1154 AD to 1161 AD)
  • COIN (13th Century - 1280 AD to 1281 AD)
  • BUCKLE (13th Century to 14th Century - 1300 AD to 1400 AD)
  • BUCKLE (13th Century to 15th Century - 1300 AD to 1450 AD)
  • BUCKLE (14th Century to 15th Century - 1350 AD to 1450 AD)
  • CLOTH SEAL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • LOCK (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • MUSKET BALL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • POT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Protected Status

  • SHINE

Sources and further reading

---Photograph: NLA. Finds Photograph.
---Photograph: I & RS. Digital finds image.
---Publication: Williams, D. 1997. Late Saxon stirrup-strap mounts. No 475; p 99; Fig 60.
---Photograph: 2002. KTJ 3-4, Early Saxon modified brooch and pin..
---Secondary File: Secondary File.
---Photograph: EDA24-27, EAX4-13, EAE10-11 (bronze object)-.
<S1>Illustration: Wymer, J. J. 1987. Copy of sketch of Palaeolithic ?handaxe from Quidenham. Card. 1:1.
<S2>Illustration: Wymer, J.. 1988. Drawing of an Early Saxon cruciform brooch bow and foot plate.. Film. 2:1.
<S3>Record Card: Wymer, J. J. Wymer Index Card - Palaeolithic. Quidenham.
<S4>Unpublished Contractor Report: 1996. The English Rivers Palaeolithic Project. Regions 9 (Great Ouse) and 12 (Yorkshire and the Lincolnshire Wolds). Wessex Archaeology. p 103.
<S5>Website: TERPS online database. Site 22856.
<S6>Record Card: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
<S7>Illustration: White, S. 2002. Drawing of an Early Saxon copper alloy brooch (made from cut-down larger brooch). Film. 2:1.
<S8>Illustration: Penn, K. 2003. Drawing of an Early Saxon gilt copper alloy belt/strap mount. Card. 2:1.
<S9>Article in Serial: Gurney, D. (ed.). 2006. Archaeological Finds in Norfolk in 2005. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XLV Pt I pp 112-123. p 113.

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