Record Details

NHER Number:23223
Type of record:Find Spot
Name:Multi-period finds

Summary

Metal-detecting and fieldwalking between 1985 and 2005 have recovered a possible Palaeolithic flint handaxe; a Mesolithic flint microlith; a number of Neolithic and undatable prehistoric worked flints; post-medieval pottery sherds; Roman and medieval coins and ?Roman to post-medieval metal obects. The metal finds include an unidentified ?Roman copper alloy objects; Early Saxon brooches (including one highly unusual example made from a cut down larger brooch), wrist clasps and a gilt belt/strap mount; a medieval furniture fitting and harness pendant and post-medieval musket balls, chest lock and lead cloth seal. A spread of building material was also identified.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TM 03 87
Map Sheet:TM08NW
Parish:QUIDENHAM, BRECKLAND, NORFOLK

Full description

1985-1986. Fieldwalking and metal-detecting.
Found within former parkland ('Mere Field'), on five raised areas reported parallel to river:
To north, scatter of flint building material, many harness rings and large quantities lead musket balls.
Other finds included:
1 Palaeolithic ?handaxe. Ochreous staining, very sharp condition. Probably from river dredgings. See sketch (S1). Also noted in (S2) and (S3), although no additional information is given.
1 Neolithic flint knife.
3 undatable prehistoric flint scrapers.
1 Roman coin.
1 ?Roman unidentified copper alloy object.
1 Early Saxon cruciform brooch. See drawing (S4).
1 medieval buckle and 1 harness pendant,
1 ?medieval ?rocker arm.
3 post-medieval pottery sherds (1 Westerwald stoneware and 2 Bellarmine) and 1 lead cloth seal.
1 undatable buckle and 1 lead spindle whorl.
Flints identified by J. J. Wymer (NAU) and other objects by A. Rogerson. See list, descriptions and finder's notes in file.
E. Rose (NAU) 9 February 1987. Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 9 April 2013.

1995. Metal-detecting.
2 Roman coins (4th century).
Identified by J. Davies (NCM), see list in file.
W. Milligan (NCM) 28 March 1996.

Before 25 January 2002. Metal detecting.
Found at [2]:
1 Early Saxon brooch made from a cut-down reworked equal-armed brooch. See drawing (S5).
Found at [3]:
1 medieval coin.
See description and list in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA) 15 June 2002.

Before 16 October 2003. Metal-detecting.
1 medieval coin.
See list in file with grid reference.
A. Rogerson (NLA) 23 January 2004.

2003. Metal detecting.
Found at [4]:
1 Early Saxon gilt belt/strap mount. See drawing (S6).
See two Suffolk Archaeological Service Portable Antiquities Scheme Database sheets including scanned image (S7) in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA) 27 September 2004.

Before 2 April 2005. Metal detecting.
1 Mesolithic flint microlith.
1 Neolithic oblique flint arrowhead, 1 ?scraper, 1 retouched blade and 3 blades.
2 Early Saxon wrist clasps,
2 medieval coins and 1 furniture fitting.
1 post-medieval mounted lock from chest.
Flints identified by P. Robins (NCM), coins by A. Marsden (NLA) and other objects by A. Rogerson (NLA). See list and descriptions in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA) 30 April 2005. Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 28 August 2014.

Monument Types

  • FINDSPOT (Lower Palaeolithic to Middle Palaeolithic - 500000 BC to 40001 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Mesolithic - 10000 BC to 4001 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds

  • ARCHITECTURAL FRAGMENT (Undated)
  • BUCKLE (Undated)
  • SPINDLE WHORL (Undated)
  • HANDAXE? (Lower Palaeolithic to Middle Palaeolithic - 500000 BC to 40001 BC)
  • SCRAPER (TOOL) (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • MICROLITH (Mesolithic - 10000 BC to 4001 BC)
  • BLADE (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • KNIFE (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • RETOUCHED BLADE (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • SCRAPER (TOOL)? (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • TRANSVERSE ARROWHEAD (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Roman - 43 AD? to 409 AD?)
  • BROOCH (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • BROOCH (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • SLEEVE CLASP (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • MOUNT (Early Saxon - 550 AD to 650 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FURNITURE FITTING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • HARNESS PENDANT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Medieval - 1066 AD? to 1539 AD?)
  • CLOTH SEAL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • LOCK (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • MUSKET BALL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • POT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Photograph: NLA. Finds Photograph.
---Photograph: I & RS. Digital finds image.
---Archive: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
---Photograph: 2002. KTJ 3-4, Early Saxon modified brooch and pin..
---Secondary File: Secondary file.
---Article in Serial: Gurney, D. (ed.). 2006. Archaeological Finds in Norfolk in 2005. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XLV Pt I pp 112-123. p 113.
---Photograph: EDA24-27, EAX4-13, EAE10-11 (bronze object)-.
<S1>Illustration: Wymer, J. J. 1987. Copy of sketch of Palaeolithic ?handaxe from Quidenham. Card. 1:1.
<S2>Unpublished Document: Wessex Archaeology. 1996. The English Rivers Palaeolithic Project. Regions 9 (Great Ouse) and 12 (Yorkshire and the Lincolnshire Wolds). p 103.
<S3>Website: TERPS online database. Site 22856.
<S4>Illustration: Wymer, J.. 1988. Drawing of an Early Saxon cruciform brooch bow and foot plate.. Film. 2:1.
<S5>Illustration: White, S. 2002. Drawing of an Early Saxon copper alloy brooch (made from cut-down larger brooch). Film. 2:1.
<S6>Illustration: Penn, K. 2003. Drawing of an Early Saxon gilt copper alloy belt/strap mount. Card. 2:1.

Related records - none

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