Record Details

NHER Number:21515
Type of record:Monument
Name:Site of Iron Age and Roman settlement and multi-period finds

Summary

This is the site of a Roman settlement, and fieldwalking and metal detecting have recovered Roman pottery, coins and a spoon handle in the shape of a heron. Iron Age pottery has also been found on the site, suggesting that there may have been a settlement here during the Iron Age. An Early Saxon belt plate, and medieval and post medieval coins, pottery and metal finds including medieval horse harness pendants have also been found.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TM 37 96
Map Sheet:TM39NE
Parish:HALES, SOUTH NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

1984 to 1985. Fieldwalking, Hales site 128. Fieldwalking.
12 worked flints.
1 sherd Iron Age flint gritted and 4 possibles.
Antoninianus of Carausius PAX AVG S/P/ML London mint AD 287 to 293.
14 Roman greyware.
2 medieval unglazed.
1 medieval glazed.
1 glazed red earthenware.
1 post medieval stoneware.
Identified by A. Rogerson (NAU) and A. Gregory (NAU)
E. Rose (NAU) 12 July 1985.

1997. Metal detecting finds.
Roman spoon/vessel handle in the shape of a heron, (S1).
Medieval gilded decorative mount.
Medieval rectangular buckle plate.
Medieval enamelled horse harness pendant. (S3) in file.
See (S2) for above finds.
Medieval 3 coins.
Medieval jetton (or early post medieval).
Post medieval coin.
Post medieval gilded decorative ?cap badge. See (S2).
See lists in file.
H. Geake (A&E) 13 August 1997.

February/March 1998. Metal detecting finds.
2 Roman coins.
Roman sherds.
Wonderful Early Saxon belt plate, (S4).
See details in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA) 7 April 1998.

March/April 1998. Metal detecting finds.
Tiny fragment which may possibly by from mouth of an Late Bronze Age socketed axe, (S5).
Slightly damaged medieval square horse harness pendant. Red enamel, traces of gilding, (S6).
A. Rogerson (NLA) 12 May 1998.

October to November 1999. Metal detecting.
Medieval and post medieval metal finds.
See list in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA) 4 December 1999.

October/November 2003. Metal detecting.
Iron Age, Roman and medieval sherds.
2 Roman coins.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA) 10 December 2003.

Romano-British vessel/spoon handle in the form of a heron’s head and neck, found in 1996, was re-identified as a post-medieval furniture fitting, cf. a complete and almost identical example with inserted iron fixing from Postwick (HER 30401) and another fragmentary piece from Horning (HER 8446).
A. Rogerson (HES), 9 December 2009.

Monument Types

  • SETTLEMENT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • SETTLEMENT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)

Associated Finds

  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • SOCKETED AXEHEAD (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • POT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • DRESS COMPONENT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • HARNESS (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • HARNESS PENDANT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • PENDANT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • TOKEN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • CLOTH SEAL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • DRESS COMPONENT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • FURNITURE FITTING (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • POT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • TOKEN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Fieldwork: Hales Survey. 128. Hales.
---Monograph: Ashley, S.. 2002. Medieval Armorial Horse Furniture in Norfolk.. East Anglian Archaeology. Vol 101.
---Unpublished document: Hales Survey. Hales Survey fieldwalking notes.
---Secondary File: Secondary file.
<S1>Illustration: Holness, A.. 1997. Drawing of a Roman spoon/vessel handle.. Paper. 1:1.
<S2>Photograph: I&RS. Finds Polaroid. Polaroid.
<S3>Illustration: Ashley, S.. 1997. Drawing of a medieval horse harness pendant.. Film. 2:1.
<S4>Illustration: White, S.. 1998. Drawing of an Early Saxon belt plate.. Film. 2:1.
<S5>Illustration: Ashley, S.. 1998. Drawing of a Late Bronze Age socketed axe fragment.. Film. 1:1.
<S6>Illustration: Ashley, S.. 1998. Drawing of a medieval horse harness pendant.. Film. 2:1.

Related records - none

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