Record Details

NHER Number:19522
Type of record:Monument
Name:Possible Roman and medieval settlement and multi period finds

Summary

Metal detecting and fieldwalking from 1992 onwards have recovered a wide variety of objects from the prehistoric period to post medieval times. These include flints, pottery, coins, brooches and buckles. There are particular concentrations of finds from the Roman and medieval periods which may indicate that there was a settlement in the area at those times.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:Not displayed
Map Sheet:TG12SW
Parish:CAWSTON, BROADLAND, NORFOLK

Full description

August 1983. Metal detecting.
Roman bronze coin Constantius II FEL TEMP REPARATIO (galley) mm illegible. AD 348-350.
A. Gregory (NCM) 26 September 1983.

1991. Fieldwalking.
Roman greyware sherds, tile, brick. Not seen by NLA.
E. Rose (NLA) 16 January 1992

Before 27 September 1993. Metal detecting.
Enlarged area (includes site [1]).
5 Roman coins. See list in file.
?Roman bronze pin, short shank, flattened edge to conical head.
Bronze rosette stud, early post medieval.
Identified by S. Margeson and J. Davies (NCM).
A. Rogerson (NLA), 5 November 1993.

February - March 1996. Metal detecting.
Prehistoric flints.
Medieval coin and medieval metalwork.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 9 April 1996.

March - April 1996. Metal detecting.
Medieval and post medieval coins.
Medieval and post medieval metal finds.
Medieval sherds.
See list in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 10 May 1996.

April - May 1996. Metal detecting.
Discoidal lead weight set with 6 iron rivets, weight 190g. Probably post medieval.
Approximately half another weight 108g.
Pointed oval belt or harness mount with overall cast pelleted decoration, early post medieval.
Heavy sheet buckle plate or ? Vessel escutcheon with 2 disc-headed rivets.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 7 June 1996.

April - May 1996. Metal detecting.
2 medieval coins.
See list in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 7 June 1996.

May - June 1996. Metal detecting.
Medieval coins.
Medieval/Post medieval coin weight.
Medieval seal matrix.
Medieval and post medieval metal finds.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 13 August 1996.

July - August 1996.Metal detecting.
Roman, medieval and post medieval coins.
Medieval jetton.
Roman brooch, stud, surgical implement.
Middle Saxon/Late Saxon strap end.
Medieval and post medieval metalwork.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 9 September 1996.

September - October 1996. Metal detecting.
Bronze Age rapier, (S1).
Roman coins and brooch.
Medieval and post medieval coins and metal finds.
Worked flints.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 12 November 1996.

August - September 1996. Metal detecting.
Roman, medieval and post medieval coins, medieval jettons.
Iron Age lynch pin, (S2).
Roman terret, (S3).
Medieval and post medieval metal finds.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 1 October 1996.

October - November 1996. Metal detecting.
Roman terret.
Early Saxon/Middle Saxon vessel mount.
Late Saxon brooch.
Medieval and post medieval metalwork.
Medieval and post medieval coins.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 6 December 1996.

November - December 1996. Metal detecting.
2 Roman, 4 medieval, 1 post medieval coins.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 3 January 1997.

January - February 1997. Metal detecting.
Roman, medieval and post medieval coins and jettons.
Medieval and post medieval metal finds.
See list in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 6 March 1997.

31 January 1997. Fieldwalking by [3] and [4].
Iron Age, Roman, medieval, post medieval sherds.
Roman roofing tile and box tile.
?Roman window glass.
Post medieval tobacco pipe stem.
See plans and finds lists in file.
Research indicates an Roman and a medieval concentration, both indicative of settlements.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 5 April 1997.

February - March 1997. Metal detecting.
Roman and medieval metal finds.
Medieval coin.
Post medieval jetton.
See list in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 4 April 1997.

March - April 1997. Metal detecting.
Medieval belt fittings.
Post medieval padlock.
Medieval and post medieval coins.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 9 May 1997.

April - May 1997. Fieldwalking.
10 undatable prehistoric worked flints.
See list in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 9 June 1997.

July - August 1997. Metal detecting.
8 Roman coins.
Roman pin, knife or razor blade.
Medieval strap end.
See list in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 8 September 1997.

August - September 1997. Metal detecting.
Medieval and post medieval coins.
Post medieval token.
Medieval and post medieval metal finds.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 6 October 1997

September 1997. Metal detecting.
Roman and medieval coins.
Post medieval jettons/token.
Roman belt fitting.
Medieval and post medieval metal finds.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 7 November 1997.

August and October 1998. Metal detecting.
Identified by A. Rogerson (NLA): Roman: 5 body sherds, one with zig zag decoration. Roman grey ware, 2nd-3rd century.
Early medieval 2 base sherds and 1 body sherd, all from same vessel and joining. Thetford ware, 10th-11th century., 1 sherd rusicated.
Identified by V. Fryer. Post medieval cast bronze open work button with integral attachment loop. Possibly gilded, cast in two pieces and joined around centre. A very fine example. 17th century.
K. Hinds (NLA), 27 January 2000.

September- October 1999. Metal detecting.
5 Roman coins.
Roman, medieval and post medieval metal finds.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 9 November 1999.

October 1999. Metal detecting.
3 Roman coins.
1 medieval coin.
See lists in file.
K. Hinds (NLA), 24 February 2000.

October-November 1999. Metal detecting.
Iron Age coin, 7 Roman coins.
Medieval and post medieval metal finds, (S4).
A. Rogerson (NLA), 4 December 1999.

November 1999. Metal detecting.
Gold openwork finger ring with very dark red ?glass setting in circular collet. Probably Late Roman, see note in file.
(S5). (S6). See Notes
A. Rogerson (NLA), 27 October 2000.

November-December 1999. Metal detecting.
6 Roman coins.
Roman furniture knob.
Medieval blank for a seal matrix.
Post medieval token.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 11 January 2000.

August-September 2000. Metal detecting.
1 Roman silver coin.
See list in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 7 October 2000.

September-October 2000. Metal detecting.
1 Iron Age bronze coin.
2 Roman coin and medieval buckle.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 7 November 2000.

October-November 2000. Metal detecting.
26 Roman and 2 medieval coins.
Medieval jetton.
Roman, medieval and Undatable metal finds.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 9 December 2000.

November-December 2000. Metal detecting.
8 Roman, 1 medieval and 1 post medieval coin.
Roman brooch.
Medieval metal finds.
Post medieval weight.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 10 January 2001.

Openwork gold finger ring found November 1999 redated to the end of the 4th century.
See C. John's (BM) description in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 28 February 2001.

January - February 2001. Metal detecting.
3 Roman coins.
Post medieval coin.
Post medieval jetton.
Medieval buckle.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 14 March 2001.

July - August 2001. Metal detecting.
Roman coin.
Medieval coin.
3 medieval jettons.
3 post medieval coins.
1 post medieval jetton.
Roman, medieval and post medieval metal finds.
See list in file.
S. Ashley (NLA), 6 September 2001.

August - September 2001. Metal detecting.
Medieval lead ampulla.
(S2)and list in file.
S. Ashley (NLA), 9 October 2001.

January - February 2002. Metal detecting.
11 Roman coins.
Roman sherds.
Medieval belt fitting.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 4 March 2002.

March - April 2002. Metal detecting.
5 Roman coins.
See list in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 5 May 2002.

May - June 2002. Metal detecting.
4 Roman coins.
1 medieval and 4 post medieval jettons.
Late Saxon, medieval and post medieval metal finds.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 7 July 2002.

October - November 2002. Metal detecting.
8 Roman coins.
See list in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 11 December 2002.

February - March 2003. Metal detecting.
11 Roman coins.
Medieval and post medieval metal finds.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 7 April 2003.

September - October 2003. Metal detecting.
3 Roman and 2 medieval coins.
Medieval and post medieval jetton.
Bronze Age ?rapier fragment, (S7).
Roman, medieval and post medieval metal objects.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 12 November 2003.

December 2004 - January 2005. Metal-detecting.
4 Roman coins.
2 medieval jettons, 2 buckle frames and 1 composite strap end part.
1 medieval/post-medieval trade weight.
3 post-medieval coins, 1 jetton, 1 incomplete cloth book clasp, 1 lead cloth seal and 1 shoe buckle.
Objects Identified by S. Ashley (NLA) and coins by A. Marsden (NLA). See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 22 February 2005.
Updated by J. Page (HES), 25 February 2014.

March - April 2005. Metal-detecting.
4 Roman pottery sherds.
1 medieval coin.
1 post-medieval coin, 2 belt mounts, 1 buckle.
1 post-medieval/modern finger ring, 1 pipe tamper, 1 unidentifed object.
Ceramic Objects Identified by A. Rogerson (NLA), coins identified by A. Marsden (NLA) and other objects Identified by S. Ashley (NLA). See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 13 May 2005.
Updated by J. Page (HES), 6 February 2014.

January - February 2006. Metal detecting.
Six medieval and one post medieval coins.
Two medieval/post medieval thimbles.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 8 March 2006.

February - March 2006. Metal detecting.
Seven Roman coins and a medieval key.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 8 April 2006.

March - April 2006. Metal detecting.
Ten Roman and one post medieval coins, sixteenth century lead token.
Medieval and post medieval metal objects.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 3 May 2006.

January - February 2007. Metal detecting.
Nine Roman and four post medieval coins, three jettons and token.
Post medieval metal objects.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 13 March 2007.

Before 26 March 2007. Metal detecting.
Romano-British metal objects including fragment of Mercury figurine.
Medieval and post medieval objects.
2 post medieval coins.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 23 April 2007.

May - June 2007. Metal detecting.
4 Roman, 1 medieval and two post medieval coins, medieval and post medieval metal objects.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 11 July 2007.

May-June 2012. Metal-detecting.
4 fragments of Roman ceramic tile.
See details in file.
A. Rogerson (HES), 20 July 2012.

Monument Types

  • FINDSPOT (Unknown date)
  • FINDSPOT (Prehistoric - 1000000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • SETTLEMENT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Early Saxon - 410 AD to 650 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • SETTLEMENT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds

  • DRILL BIT (Undated)
  • METAL WORKING DEBRIS (Undated)
  • QUERN (Undated)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Undated)
  • WEIGHT (Undated)
  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Lower Palaeolithic to Late Iron Age - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • RAPIER (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • COIN (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • LINCH PIN (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • POT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • BRICK (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BROOCH (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • DRESS COMPONENT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FIGURINE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINGER RING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FLUE TILE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FURNITURE FITTING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • HARNESS (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • KEY (LOCKING) (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • KNIFE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • LOCK (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • PIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • RAZOR (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • ROOF TILE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • SPATULA (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • SURGICAL INSTRUMENT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • TILE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • WINDOW GLASS (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • VESSEL (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • VESSEL (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • BROOCH (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • AMPULLA (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BELL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BOOK FITTING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BOX (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BROOCH (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • CANDLE HOLDER (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • CENSER (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • COIN WEIGHT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • DAGGER (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FIGURINE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FURNITURE FITTING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FURNITURE FITTING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • HARNESS (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • HARNESS FITTING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • HARNESS PENDANT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • JETTON (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • KEY (LOCKING) (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • KNIFE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • LAMP (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • MIRROR (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • NAIL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • PENDANT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • PURSE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • RING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • SEAL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • SEAL MATRIX (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • SEAL MATRIX (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • SKILLET (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STRAP END (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STUD (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • SWORD BELT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • THIMBLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • TOKEN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • TOY (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • VESSEL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • WEIGHT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • AMPULLA (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BOOK FITTING (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BUTTON (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BUTTON (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • CANDLE HOLDER (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • CLAY PIPE (SMOKING) (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • CLOTH SEAL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN WEIGHT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • DRESS COMPONENT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • FINGER RING (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • FIREARM (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • FURNITURE FITTING (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • HARNESS (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • JETTON (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • JETTON (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • KEY (LOCKING) (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • KNIFE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • NAIL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • PADLOCK (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • POT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • PURSE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • SEAL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • SPUR (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • SWORD BELT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • TAP (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • THIMBLE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • TOKEN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • TOKEN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • TOKEN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • TOY (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • VESSEL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • VESSEL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • WEIGHT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • WEIGHT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Photograph: NLA. Finds Photograph.
---Photograph: I & RS. Digital finds image.
---Record Card: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
---Photograph: JHS 20, 21, Early/Middle Saxon drinking vessel mount..
---Photograph: JHS 24, 25, Late Saxon brooch..
---Photograph: JHS 36, 37, Romano British terret fragment..
---Secondary File: Secondary File.
<S1>Illustration: Ashley, S.. 1996. Drawing of a Bronze Age rapier fragment.. Film. 1:1.
<S2>Illustration: White, S.. 1996. Drawing of an Iron Age copper alloy linch pin knob.. Film. 2:1.
<S3>Illustration: Jenkins, T.. 1996. Drawing of a Roman terret fragment.. Paper. 1:1.
<S4>Illustration: Ashley, S.. 1999. Drawing of a medieval/post medieval a possible sword-belt fitting fragment.. Film. 2:1.
<S5>Illustration: Holness, A.. 2000. Drawing of a Late Roman gold gem stone finger ring.. Film. 2:1.
<S6>Photograph: NCC Find Identification and Recording Service. c. 1975-2000. HES Find Polaroid Collection. HES Find Polaroid Collection. polaroid. black and white.
<S7>Illustration: Ashley, S.. 2003. Drawing of a Bronze Age rapier blade fragment.. Film. 1:1.

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