Record Details

NHER Number:17674
Type of record:Monument
Name:Possible medieval mill and settlement

Summary

Complex cropmarks can be seen on aerial photographs of this area. These consist of a series of rectilinear enclosures, a ring with a cross in its centre (probably a medieval mill mound) and a series of rectangular sunken features, possibly the location of buildings. Fragments of Roman, medieval and post medieval pottery have been found here. This site may represent an area of medieval settlement and activity associated with a mill. Its location next to Brumstead Hall (NHER 22904), suggests this may be a settlement associated with the hall. These cropmarks have now been recorded as three separate features - NHER 38535, NHER 38536 and NHER 38537.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TG 3634 2683
Map Sheet:TG32NE
Parish:BRUMSTEAD, NORTH NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

CROPMARKS AT THIS SITE HAVE NOW BEEN DIVIDED UP INTO THREE RECORDS (NHER 38535, 38536, 38537)

17 July 1979. NAU air photography.
In front of Brumstead hall.
Cropmarks. Sub rectangular enclosure and linear cropmarks. Rectangular 'block' cropmarks and one ring ditch.
D. Edwards (NAU), 15 February 1981.

19 June 1996. NLA air photography.
National grid reference amended from original [1].
Further cropmarks located to the west of main site. These consist of a series of rectilinear enclosures. Reinterpretation of this site is possible. The cross in the centre of the ring ditch indicates its use as a postmill mound. The 'block' cropmarks to the immediate west of the mill are rectangular sunken features, possibly the location of buildings. These features also appear within the main enclosure to the west. This site may represent an area of medieval settlement and activity associated with the mill. Its location next to Brumstead Hall (NHER 22904), may suggest a relationship with the hall, such as an associated settlement.
S. Massey (NLA), 14 August 2001.

1998. Metal detecting.
No significant metal finds.
One glazed red earthenware rim.
Identified by W. Milligan (NCM).
One base Roman greyware.
One Roman stoneware rim.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 26 March 1999.

October 1999. Metal detecting and field walking.
Medieval: one base medieval unglazed and one base glazed Grimston.
K. Hinds (NLA), 3 March 2000.

March 2004. Norfolk NMP
Cropmarks recorded under this site number have been split into three separate records (NHER 38535, 38536, 38537).
J. Albone (NMP), 24 March 2004.

October/November 2006. Metal detecting.
Roman pottery sherd.
Two undatable lead weights.
See list in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 18 December 2006.

Monument Types

  • LINEAR FEATURE (Unknown date)
  • RECTILINEAR ENCLOSURE (Unknown date)
  • RECTILINEAR ENCLOSURE (Unknown date)
  • RING DITCH (Unknown date)
  • RECTILINEAR ENCLOSURE (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • RING DITCH (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • POST MILL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • RECTILINEAR ENCLOSURE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • SITE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STRUCTURE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • WINDMILL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)

Associated Finds

  • WEIGHT (Unknown date)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Protected Status

  • SHINE

Sources and further reading

---Aerial Photograph: TG 3626A-C.
---Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.A. (NLA). 1996. TG 3626E - V.

Related records

38535Parent of: Medieval to post medieval field boundaries (Monument)
38537Parent of: Medieval to post medieval post mill (Monument)
38536Parent of: Multi-phase complex cropmarks (Monument)

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