Record Details

NHER Number:171
Type of record:Monument
Name:Late Saxon causeway, medieval Inn, No 22 Wensum Street

Summary

In 1974 an excavation took place on this site in order to obtain further evidence of the Saxon-Norman causeway discovered beneath Wensum Street in 1896 (NHER 62). This excavation revealed an earlier phase of the causeway consisting of a second layer of transverse planking. Below the planking Late Saxon pottery found, above it was a mixture of 10th-12th century pottery. The area appears to have been a slowly drying marsh until the late 14th century when an Inn was built. The fire recorded in 1507 appears to have destroyed this, and in the 16th to 17th centuries a yard or garden was present on this site, followed in the 18th century by a cellared building.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TG 2322 0898
Map Sheet:TG20NW
Parish:NORWICH, NORWICH, NORFOLK

Full description

1974. Excavation for Norwich Survey.
Trench dug to obtain further evidence of the Saxon-Norman causeway discovered beneath Wensum Street in 1896 (NHER 00062). The excavation revealed earlier phase of the causeway consisting of a second layer of transverse planking. Below the planking Late Saxon pottery found, above it was a mixture of 10th-12th century pottery.
13th/14th century layers suggested a sequence of slowly drying out marsh deposits.
Late 14th century foundations probably the earliest phase of an Inn.
1507 fire. Burnt remains of the timber superstructure of the Inn.
Fire of 25 April 1507.
16th/17th century yard/garden levels.
19th century cellared building on frontage.
For further details see file.

Monument Types

  • CAUSEWAY (Late Saxon - 851 AD? to 1065 AD?)
  • WATERCOURSE (Medieval - 1066 AD? to 1539 AD?)
  • BUILDING (Medieval - 1350 AD? to 1507 AD?)
  • INN (Medieval - 1350 AD? to 1507 AD?)
  • CISTERN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • CELLAR (Post Medieval - 1700 AD? to 1900 AD?)

Associated Finds

  • POT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Unpublished document: NCM Staff. 1973-1989. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card - Norwich.
---Archive: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Norwich - Post Roman.
---Secondary File: Secondary file.
<S2>Serial: 1974. Council for British Archaeology Group 7 Bulletin of Archaeological Discoveries for 1974. No 21. p 7.
<S3>Article in monograph: Carter, A. 1981. Norwich. Waterfront Archaeology in Britain and Northern Europe. CBA Res. Rep. No 41. Milne, G. and Hobley, B. pp 139-141. p 139.
<S4>Monograph: Jennings, S. 1981. Eighteen Centuries of Pottery from Norwich. East Anglian Archaeology. No 13. p 252.
<S5>Publication: 1974. Archaeol.Ex.. 102-103.

Related records

Mon 625Parent of: 22 Wensum Street (Monument)
Site 1041Parent of: 5 Lobster Lane (Monument)
62Part of: Fyebridge, Fyebridge Street (Building)

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