Record Details

NHER Number:11859
Type of record:Monument
Name:Site of possible medieval manor house and multi-period objects

Summary

A set of unusual cropmarks exists to the north and east of Manor Farm. These take the form of rectangular enclosures with associated short tracks and various linear features. It is possible these features relate to a hall marked at this location on 16th/17th century maps. This would tally with the results of excavations here in 1999, which recorded a medieval wall and a ditch backfilled with medieval/post medieval building materials. In addition to this evidence, metal detecting here has recovered a variety of finds including a Late Prehistoric flint flake, Roman seal box lid, an Early Saxon small long brooch, a medieval circular harness pendant and part of a medieval censer and an early post medieval book clasp.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TG 37 13
Map Sheet:TG31SE
Parish:SOUTH WALSHAM, BROADLAND, NORFOLK

Full description

The cropmarks formerly recorded under this number are now within NHER 49468 for the Roman settlement and fields and NHER 49467 for those of a medieval to post medieval date.

1976. East and north of Manor Farm.
Cropmarks of unusual irregular and rectangular enclosures, some with short tracks issuing, askew to modern field boundaries and passing under road. Linear marks (possibly drainage channels) running to stream to north.
Aerial photographs checked by E. Rose (NAU) 30 November 1976.

30 September 1984.
Footings for bungalow dug out at Context 3 (location [1]).
Partly concreted when visited; no features or finds.
A. Gregory (NAU) 1 October 1984.

16th century records mark fields just east of present Manor Farm and south of road as the Hall; buildings implied, but by 17th century maps these have gone, site called Hall Yards. Information from member of the public [2].
E. Rose (NAU) 8 August 1985.

1995. Metal detector finds over cropmarks north of School Lane and extended to west - additional area called Context 2.
Roman seal box lid. See for comparison Colchester 2525.
Early Saxon small long brooch head plate and bow (winged lip).
Medieval belt mount two plates with ogee opening at each end and circular hole in centre.
Medieval brooch or buckle pin, 14th century.
Early post medieval book clasp(?).
Polaroids in file. Identifications by S. Margeson (NCM), 1995.
W. Milligan (NCM) 21 September 1995.

1995. Metal detector finds.
Medieval ring brooch, flat ring with narrow bar over which pin and moulded collar is looped. Gilded decoration with engraved quatrefoils and ?inscription, very worn.
Medieval strap end buckle with integral tapering plate and looped pin.
Medieval circular harness pendant with central hole for boss. Decorated with elongated lozenges. The lozenges are decorated with rocker arm ornament and traces of gilding survive.
Identifications by S. Margeson (NCM) October 1995.
Polaroid in file.
W. Milligan (NCM) 30 November 1995.

19/20 April 1999. Contexts to 23. Evaluation trench in advance of housing revealed medieval wall, ditch backfilled with medieval/Post medieval building material and forming part of the cropmark; interesting medieval pottery assemblage, one Late Saxon sherd; animal bone. Also a prehistoric worked flint.
See (S1) in file.
See also (S2)
E. Rose (NLA) 7 May 1999.

Summer 1999. Stray find. Details [3].
H. M. Geake (NCM) identified:
Suspension device for a censer (incense swinger used in Catholic churches). It has a tall stalk with a suspension loop at the top and three arms at the base. Two arms are largely missing, but the third ends in an expanded pierced terminal. Charms would have hung from the terminals and held the censer. Underneath the central stalk is another suspension loop. A similar one was found when the church at Guestwick was excavated in 1982-1983 (ifg 50, EAA 32). Medieval.
K. Hinds (NLA) 31 January 2000.

8 July 1996. NAU aerial photography.
Cropmarks previously recorded still visible.
H. Clare (NLA) 26 October 2001.

August 2001. Metal detecting.
Middle Saxon pin.
Medieval strap end.
Late post medieval lead harness mount.
See lists in file.
S. Ashley (NLA) 3 October 2001.

The cropmarks formerly recorded under this number are now within NHER 49468 for the Roman settlement and fields and NHER 49467 for those of a medieval to post medieval date.

May 2007. Norfolk NMP.
A series of medieval to post medieval enclosures and field boundaries associated with the former medieval hall (NHER 11859) are visible on aerial photographs to the west of Pilson Green, South Walsham. See NHER 49467 for discussion.
S. Massey (NMP), 30 May 2007.

March - April 2008. Metal detecting.
Prehistoric flint flake, post medieval buckle and undatable weight.
See list in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 19 May 2008.

before 1 October 2008. Metal detecting
Iron Age/ Roman brooch, medieval coins, strap end and harness mount, medieval/ post medieval vessel and skillet, post medieval button, purse, token, finger ring and seal. Roman, medieval and post- medieval sherds.
See list in file
A. Rogerson (NLA) 21 January 2009

Monument Types

  • PIT (Unknown date)
  • POST HOLE (Unknown date)
  • TRACKWAY (Unknown date)
  • FINDSPOT (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • PIT (Late Saxon to Post Medieval - 851 AD to 1900 AD)
  • DITCH (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • GREAT HOUSE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • PIT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • QUARRY (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • WALL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds

  • METAL WORKING DEBRIS (Undated)
  • NAIL (Undated)
  • WEIGHT (Unknown date)
  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FLAKE (Late Prehistoric - 4000 BC to 42 AD)
  • BROOCH (Late Bronze Age to Roman - 800 BC to 409 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • SEAL BOX (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BROOCH (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • PIN (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • POT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • ANIMAL REMAINS (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • ARCHITECTURAL FRAGMENT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BRICK (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BROOCH (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • CENSER (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • HARNESS (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • HARNESS MOUNT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • MILLSTONE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • MOLLUSCA REMAINS (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • SKILLET (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • STRAP END (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • VESSEL (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BOOK FITTING (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BUTTON (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • FINGER RING (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • HARNESS MOUNT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • PURSE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • ROOF TILE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • SEAL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • TOBACCO PIPE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • TOKEN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Protected Status

  • SHINE

Sources and further reading

---Aerial Photograph: TG 3713A-R, X-Y.
---Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.A. (NLA). 1996. TG 3713AC - AE.
---Photograph: I & RS. Digital finds image.
---Secondary File: Secondary file.
---Slide: Various. Slide.
<S1>Unpublished document: Brennand, M.. 1999. NAU Report No. 414. Report on an archaeological evaluation at Wymer's Lane, Pilson Green, South Walsham..
<S2>Article in serial: Gurney, D. and Penn, K. (eds). 2000. Excavations and Surveys in Norfolk 1999. Norfolk Archaeology. XLIII Pt III pp 521-543. p 536.

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