Record Details

NHER Number:1113
Type of record:Monument
Name:Wighton Camp

Summary

The earthworks of a circular embanked enclosure exist here. It was first recorded in the 18th-19th century, but was believed destroyed until it was rediscovered in 1974 and partly excavated. These excavations showed it had seen occupation during the Iron Age and Roman period, and several associated burials were also noted. Subsequent work in 1976 found evidence of a Roman pottery kiln and several pits. Documentary research has also demonstrated that in the post-medieval period a windmill was situated here, and this was shown on Faden’s Map of 1797. A large number of finds have been found on site over the years and these include Roman coins, Roman brooches, a medieval buckle, an undated lead weight, an Early Saxon girdle hanger and a medieval/post medieval thimble. Metal detecting between 2004 and 2013 recovered metal finds of Roman, Early Saxon, Middle Saxon, Late Saxon, medieval and post-medieval date.

Images

  • Roman copper alloy figurine  © Norfolk Museums & Archaeology Service

Location

Grid Reference:TF 94 38
Map Sheet:TF93NW
Parish:WIGHTON, NORTH NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

Hillfort recorded in 18th-19th century, now destroyed. Site of windmill.

Before 1780. Roman coins found.
1858. Roman sherd found.
1944. Roman coins found.
1950. Roman coins found.
1952. Roman coins found.
1956. Roman coins found.
1957. Roman metalwork found.
1962. Roman sherds, quern found.
1974. Rediscovery of site by aerial photography. Excavation showed fort to be sub-Roman.
1976. Observation of commercial excavations.
1982. Roman tile found.
1986-90. Found with metal detector. Iron Age coin, Roman and medieval metalwork.
1990-91. Metal detector finds. Roman and medieval metalwork.
1991-92. Metal detecting. Roman coins.
1994-96. Metal detector finds. Roman, medieval and post medieval coins. Roman metal finds.

See full details, lists in file including sections of 1976 observation.
A. Rogerson (NLA) 1 June 1999.

2002-3. Metal detecting. Context 55.
Roman sherds, nineteen Roman coins.
Medieval jetton, post medieval coin and token.
Roman, medieval, post medieval and undateable metal objects.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA) 26 August 2005.

Context 55.
Possible Romano-British toilet implement found in 2002-03 (see sheet 8 in secondary file), reidentified by member of the public [1] as a 5th century Continental proto girdle hanger or latch lifter, similar to that found at NHER 2024, context 689 and paralleled in (S2).
A. Rogerson (NLA), 29 May 2007.

Casual find May 2006.
Romano-British sherds.
See list and notes with map and sketches in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA) 13 June 2007.

2004 - 2007. Metal detecting.
99 Roman, 1 medieval and 1 post-medieval coin, medieval and post-medieval jetton, Romano-British, Early Saxon, Middle Saxon/Late Saxon, medieval, medieval/post-medieval and post-medieval metal objects.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 17 May 2010.

January 2011-May 2013. Metal-detecting.
Finds identified by HES but not recorded on the PAS database:
28 Roman copper alloy coins.
3 medieval silver coins.
Finds recorded on the PAS database [2]:

2 Late Iron Age coins.
Roman copper alloy hair pin, nail cleaner and spoon.
Medieval buckle, buckle converted into a clasp (S3) and strap end.
Post-medieval harness mounts.
A. Beckham (HES) and A. Rogerson (HES), 10 July 2013.

Monument Types

  • FINDSPOT (Unknown date)
  • FINDSPOT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • HILLFORT (Early Iron Age to Roman - 800 BC to 409 AD)
  • INHUMATION (Early Iron Age to Roman - 800 BC to 409 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • PIT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POTTERY KILN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • WINDMILL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds

  • ANIMAL REMAINS (Undated)
  • SPINDLE WHORL (Unknown date)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Undated)
  • WEIGHT (Unknown date)
  • COIN (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • COIN (Late Iron Age - 20 BC to 20 AD)
  • COIN (Late Iron Age - 10 BC to 42 AD)
  • BRACELET (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BRICK (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BROOCH (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COSMETIC SPOON (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COSMETIC SPOON (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • EAR RING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FIGURINE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINGER RING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FLUE TILE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FURNITURE FITTING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • HAIR PIN (Roman - 43 AD to 300 AD)
  • HAIR PIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • HARNESS FITTING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • HARNESS MOUNT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • HELMET (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • KEY (LOCKING) (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • KILN WASTE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • KNIFE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • LOCK (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • METAL WORKING DEBRIS (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • MINIATURE OBJECT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • MIRROR (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • NAIL (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • PENDANT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • QUERN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • ROOF TILE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • SEAL BOX (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • STEELYARD WEIGHT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • TWEEZERS (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • VESSEL (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • NAIL CLEANER (Roman - 100 AD to 300 AD)
  • SPOON (Roman - 100 AD to 300 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • GIRDLE HANGER (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • BROOCH (Middle Saxon to Late Saxon - 651 AD to 1065 AD)
  • BOOK FITTING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • CHAFING DISH (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • HARNESS FITTING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • JETTON (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • KEY (LOCKING) (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STRAP END (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • THIMBLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • VESSEL (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval - 1200 AD to 1400 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval - 1200 AD to 1400 AD)
  • STRAP END (Medieval - 1300 AD to 1400 AD)
  • BELL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BOOK FITTING (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • FURNITURE FITTING (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • JETTON (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • KNIFE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • THIMBLE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • HARNESS MOUNT (Post Medieval - 1600 AD to 1700 AD)

Protected Status

  • SHINE

Sources and further reading

---Photograph: See file.
---Aerial Photograph: TF9438 ABM,ABP; TF9538 A-,ABF.
---Photograph: I & RS. Digital finds image.
---Unpublished document: Mackreth, D. F.. 1991. Walsingham-Wighton The Brooches from the Surface Collection..
---Unpublished document: Mackreth, D. F.. 1988. Walsingham-Wighton DRAFT Brooches from the Surface Collection..
---Unpublished document: Gregory, T.. 1985. Great Walsingham/Wighton ?Roman Town?. 6 February.
---Photograph: JJC 21-25, Romano British lion head mount..
---Photograph: JJJ 6, seal box base..
---Photograph: JJJ 20-22, Brooch (21).
---Illustration: White, S.. 1989. Drawing of a Romano British statuette.. Film. 2:1.
---Illustration: Gibbons, J.. 2009. Drawing of a Romano British mount fragment.. Film. 2:1.
---Illustration: Gibbons, J.. 2007. Drawing of an Early Saxon girdle hanger.. Film. 2:1.
---Photograph: JJJ 23-24, Four brooches (19,20,22,26)..
---Photograph: 1990. LCC 7-12, Romano British ring and finger..
---Archive: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Roman. Wighton [5].
---Secondary File: Secondary file.
---Slide: Various. Slide.
---Fiche: Exists.
<S1>Monograph: 1976. East Anglian Archaeology. Vol 2.
<S2>Monograph: Bohme, H.W.. 1974. Germanische Grabfunde des 4. bis 5. Jahrhunderts zwischen unterer Elbe und Loire: Studien zur Chronologie und Bevolkerungsgeschichte.. Taf 4.1.
<S3>Illustration: Gibbons, J. 2014. Drawing of medieval copper alloy buckle converted into a clasp. Film. 2:1.

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42850Parent of: Great Walsingham and Wighton Roman town (Monument)

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