Record Details

NHER Number:10308
Type of record:Monument
Name:Bronze Age round barrow earthwork

Summary

A Bronze Age round barrow, excavated in the mid 19th century. Within the barrow was a collared urn, containing a human cremation, dating from the Bronze Age. It survives as a low earthwork and is visible as cropmarks on aerial photographs.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TG 3225 0092
Map Sheet:TG30SW
Parish:BERGH APTON, SOUTH NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

October 1854.
One of several barrows on White Heath opened by Rev. C. R. Manning and Rev. Dr. Beal.
(Barrow at NHER 10312 had been opened about 1830 by Mr. Utting, was this one as well?)
Manning found Bronze Age inverted Collared Urn of reddish brown colour protected by a large mass of rough stones at depth of nearly 1.2m (4 feet). Height 4.4m (14.5 feet), diameter at lip 3.3m (11 feet), ornamented with horizontal lines with diagonal lines between; contained burnt bone.
It is now though that a Collared Urn recorded as being from Frenze that the Norwich Castle Museum acquired in 1962 (NWHCM : 1962.580; transferred from Ipswich Museum) is actually the vessel that had been found by Manning at this site - see NHER 10985 for further details.

NCM card adds 'Stone celt in BM' but no celt of this provenance could be found there in 1974 by E. Rose (NAU).

(S1) refers to a 'small earthwork in Berghapton' which may refer to this site, or to NHER 11914.

See (S2), (S3) (pot figure), and (S4). The Collared Urn is amongst those listed in
A. Lawson (NAU) 1975.

June 2007. Norfolk NMP
An earthwork and cropmark of a Bronze Age round barrow is visible on aerial photographs (S5-S7). The central grid reference for this cropmark has been amended from TG 3226 0093 to TG 3225 0092. A slight earthwork of a sub-circular mound and a corresponding negative cropmark are present. The mound has a diameter of 20m. The surrounding ditch, which is up to 6m wide, is also visible as a shallow earthwork and cropmark. The earthwork and cropmark relate to a round barrow of Bronze Age date. It forms part of a barrow cemetery (NHER 49491) located on White Heath.
J. Albone (NMP), 7 June 2007

Monument Types

  • CREMATION (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • RING DITCH (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • ROUND BARROW (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)

Associated Finds

  • AXEHEAD (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • HUMAN REMAINS (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • POT (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)

Protected Status

  • SHINE

Sources and further reading

---Record Card: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
---Record Card: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Bronze Age. Bergh Apton [2].
---Secondary File: Secondary File.
<S1>Serial: Bryant, T. H.. 1898-1915. The Churches of Norfolk. Vols 1-19. Vols 1-19..
<S2>Article in Serial: Clarke, W. G. 1913. Norfolk Barrows. The Antiquary. Vol XLIX pp 416-423. p 418.
<S3>Article in Serial: Manning, C. R.. 1859. The Examination of some British Barrows in the Parish of Bergh Apton. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol V pp 180-184. pp 180-184.
<S4>Monograph: 1901. The Victoria History of Norfolk. The Victoria History of the Counties of England. Vol 1. p 275.
<S5>Vertical Aerial Photograph: RAF. 1946. RAF 106G/UK/1429 4205-6 16-APR-1946 (NMR).
<S6>Vertical Aerial Photograph: Ordnance Survey. 1971. OS/71302 15-6 29-JUN-1971.
<S7>Oblique Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.A. (NLA). 1977. NHER TG 3200E (NLA 56/ALC15) 02-AUG-1977.
<S8>Publication: Longworth, I. H. 1984. Collared Urns: Of the Bronze Age in Great Britain and Ireland. No 929.

Related records

49491Part of: Bronze Age round barrow cemetery (Monument)

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