Record Details

NHER Number:9437
Type of record:Monument
Name:Wymondham Abbey

Summary

The current buildings known as Wymondham Abbey are the remains of a monastery, founded in 1107 by William d'Aubigny. Excavation in 2002 discovered the fabric of a Late Saxon or Norman church beneath the nave of the current church, and an even earlier burial indicating the presence of a Saxon church nearby. Extensive remains of the medieval monastery survive as earthworks and sub-surface deposits in the churchyard and the adjacent field to the south. These have been subject to ground survey and also recorded from aerial photographs, producing a fragmentary plan of the former monastic complex.
The medieval abbey was initially founded as a dependant of the Benedictine monastery at St Albans, where William d'Aubigny's uncle was Abbott. However, it grew in wealth and influence until in 1448 it became an abbey in its own right. A history of tension between the abbey and the townsfolk is recorded, and during much of the medieval period the north aisle and nave were in use by the town, the south aisle and chancel by the monks of the abbey.
It is this twin possession of the church that produced the two towers which today form such a stunning landmark, one at either end of the nave. Originally the church was cruciform in shape, with a tower over the central crossing. This became unstable in the late 14th century, and was rebuilt slightly further west, blocking off the nave from the chancel and becoming the current eastern tower. Following the dissolution, the church buildings to the east of the tower were demolished, and the tower itself fell into disuse, and stands today as a shell.
Inside, the church contains what may be the finest work of the architect Ninian Comper, a glorious gilded reredos screen built in the 1920s which has clearly visible medieval inspiration. It, like the rest of the church and the evocative ruins that surround it, is well worth a visit.

Images

  • The sedilia in Wymondham Abbey.  © Courtesy of Norfolk County Council Library and Information Service.

Location

Grid Reference:TG 1068 0137
Map Sheet:TG10SW
Parish:WYMONDHAM, SOUTH NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

Formerly priory. Now in ruins except for parish church of St Mary and Thomas a Becket. Schedule includes ruins and earthworks immediately south of church. Church itself is a listed building (S1). Other earthworks and sites outside scheduled area.

1991. Roman cockerel found - re-identified as medieval tap.

1992. Excavation by west tower. Metal detecting find of post medieval tokens.

1992. Evaluation.
Carried out immediately to the south and west of Wymondham prior to drainage scheme by Anglian Water. Evaluation to the west revealed Thetford-type ware pottery and a flint and mortar construction wall, which is possibly contemporary with the abbey. A large mass of compressed flints were uncovered which have been suggested to possibly be related to part of the monastic buildings. To the south of the abbey some skeleton remains were discovered.
Information taken from (S33)
M. Langham-Lopez (HES), 03 July 2013.

1993. Excavation
Excavation carried out in relation to 1992 evaluation in advance of new pipe trench, immediately to the south of Wymondham Abbey, revealed evidence of pre-monastic activity and features which included a raised gravel bank and square flint lined features which was full of burnt material and also a medieval drain which was associated with the monastic complex.
A number of burials were excavated which may indicate that the graveyard may have extended beyond the present boundary. Among the finds was a Romanesque limestone corbel.
See (S34) for further information.
M. Langham-Lopez (HES), 03 July 2013.

1997. Negative observations on site to west.

1998. Negative results from D'Albini memorial.

1998.
During monitoring of three contractor's trenches within the area of the Abbey graveyard, the skeletal remains of eleven individuals were recorded. Their number and position indicated a possible multiple or mass burial.
See (S31).
D. Holburn (HES), 5 December 2011.

1999. Post medieval mass grave discovered.

For full details, architectural description, finds, early plans, etc, see report (S2) in file.
E. Rose (NLA), 1 September 1999.

Management Statement (S3) signed 18 July 1999.
Compiled by H. Paterson (A&E), 8 September 1999.

1999. Desk-based assessment.
See (S4) for further details.
See also (S30).

November 1999. Earthwork survey at 1:1000 based on NAU survey of 1993, adding features within the churchyard and amending some features on the field to south.
Numbers on plan are references for report forthcoming in East Anglian Archaeology.
For more information see (S5).
See also (S30).
B. Cushion (NLA), 22 November 1999.

2000. Field observation. Levels and measurements taken, as record of limestone settings in floor of west end of former south aisle. [1].
These stones are to be lowered to level of floor in order to remove a safety hazard.
See copies of drawings (S6) in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 26 May 2000.

March 2001. Geophysical survey.
Carried out over an area around the eastern end of the abbey church.
Located numerous structures relating to the remains of the abbey and showed that the church had been much larger than it is at present.
J. Allen (NLA), 15 August 2002.

July 2002. NAU evaluation. Four evaluation trenches within the east (monastic) tower. Contexts 1000-1288 used.
Foundation and wall fabric representing a Late Saxon or Norman church was discovered sealed beneath the nave arcade of the extant church. Mortar floor surfaces and a bell founding pit were also found belonging to this phase.
The foundations of this church in turn sealed a burial indicating an even earlier church somewhere in the locality.
Further burials belonging to one, or both of the two earlier phases were recorded.
See (S7) and (S8) for further details.
See also (S29).
J. Allen (NLA), 4 March 2003.

July 2004. Visit.
Visited with some members of Trust and Stephen Heywood (NCC) to assess damage to flint revetted ha-ha between graveyard and Abbey Meadow. This severely disturbed by ivy and large scrub and tree roots. Meadows undergrazed with large nettle and thistle clumps. Estimates to be obtained to clear ha-ha area and control nettle and thistle growth under a Section 17 Agreement.
H. Paterson (A&E), 20 July 2004.

September 2004. Visit.
Visit with Helen Baczkowska (Norfolk Wildlife Trust) to assess impact of possible works under Section 17 on County Wildlife Site. Meadow has been strimmed, a few thistles regrowing - these will be spot treated. H. Paterson (A&E) has no objection to felling of trees/scrub along the ha ha.
H. Paterson (A&E), 13 September 2004.

Section 17 Management Agreement (S3) signed 9 November 2004.
H. Paterson (A&E).

This is one of the sixty five Norfolk churches selected for (S9).
D. Gurney (NLA), 17 February 2006.

June 2006.
See (S10) for architectural history of the Abbey.
S. Howard (HES), 29 October 2010.

July 2006. Site visit.
Ditch of ha ha now completely cleared. Loose flints stacked at either end with some cut arisings heaped in centre. Meadow grazed and cut.
H. Paterson (A&E), 12 September 2006.

September 2006. Geophysical Survey.
Resistance survey successfully located numerous structures relating to the remains of Wymondham Abbey, a former Benedictine Abbey. Analysis of the results in conjunction with plans of excavations carried out in the 19th century has enabled the conjectural identification of the cloister, infirmary, kitchen and other conventual buildings. Further resistance survey is recommended to the west of the scheduled area to complete the plan of the surviving foundations of the abbey.
For more information see (S11).
M. Dennis (NLA), 14 March 2007.

September 2006.
Scheduled monument consent granted to carry out a geophysical survey.
See (S12) for further information
H. White (NLA), 25 March 2009

September 2008.
Three year Section 17 agreement signed (replacing agreement signed in 2004) covering the installation of fencing on parts of eastern and western boundaries.
See (S13).
D. Robertson (NLA), 23 December 2008.

October 2008 to April 2009.
Management review undertaken by Norfolk Monuments Management Project.
See (S14) for further details.
D. Robertson (NLA), 26 May 2009.

January - February 2009. Watching brief, from context 1300.
Disarticulated and fragmentary human remains were recovered from the subsoil and a possible buried soil was encountered to the north of the church with post-medieval dumping of domestic refuse at the eastern boundary wall. No finds or features of archaeological significance were encountered.
See (S15) for further details.
S. Howard (NLA), 9 December 2009.

April 2009.
Scheduled monument consent granted concerning the repair and reinstatement to the fence along the river boundary.
See (S16) for further details
H. White (NLA), 22 May 2009.

October-November 2009. Monitoring during installation of new fencing along river boundary.
The monitoring ensured the impact on earthworks and below ground remains was minimised.
D. Robertson (HES), 2 October 2012.

See (S17) for a discussion of the terracotta monuments.
H. White, (NLA), 22 October 2009.

September 2011. Norfolk NMP.
The medieval monastic complex of Wymondham Abbey, described above, is visible as earthworks and parchmarks on aerial photographs. Due to the existence of a detailed ground survey (see Wallis 2001 (S18) and Cushion and Davison 2003 (S19)), and the difficulty of mapping often amorphous remains using NMP conventions, the NMP mapping has focussed on transcribing the parchmarks visible principally on aerial photographs (S20), but also (S21-S22), centred at TG 1071 0139. These have been mapped on the ‘Stonework’ layer, to distinguish them from earthwork banks, although for the most part no exposed stone is visible. To preserve the clarity of the mapping, the earthworks relating to these parchmarks (that is, those relating to the walls over which the parchmarks formed) have not been mapped, although larger landscape-scale earthworks, and those which enhance rather than obscure the plan of the site indicated by the parchmarks have been transcribed, principally from aerial photographs (S23-S24). The remains in the churchyard, which are adequately depicted by existing surveys, have also not been mapped.
The plan of the site resulting from the NMP survey, although not radically different from those already produced by different means, undoubtedly provides a clearer plan of the layout of the buildings, due to the precise nature of the parchmarks. Although considerable further work could be done to correlate the various plans derived from aerial photography, ground survey and geophysics, several differences between existing plans – including the reconstruction of the monastic complex (S25) reproduced in Wallis 1993 (S27) (fig. 05) – and the NMP mapping are apparent, including the possible apsidal walls, banks or depressions to the south of the postulated infirmary block (at TG 1075 0144) and walls to the south of the postulated refectory (at TG 1070 0143). Similarly, the range of buildings to the west of the monastic complex (at TG 1062 0140), described in (S18) as ‘a long, thin rectangular structure with a single square cell at the eastern end’ (p 550), can in fact be seen to be a multi-celled structure, perhaps of several phases.
The earthworks mapped by the NMP currently add little of significance to the interpretation of the site. Given the topography, a drainage function for some seems likely; at least one corresponds with a boundary shown on the Tithe Map (S26). The interpretation of the large depression at TG 1070 0137 as perhaps relating to fishponds (S19) is perhaps significant in respect of some of these features.
As suggested above, correlation and rationalisation of all existing surveys with the NMP data would undoubtedly be of benefit, with the aim of producing a single, unified ground plan, and ultimately a fuller interpretation of the site. Any such work would need to overcome discrepancies in the georeferencing of each survey; certainly, the use of oblique aerial photographs with often poor control for the NMP mapping has resulted in a greater degree of inaccuracy than would usually be the case. It should also be noted that there may well be further detail to be derived from the aerial photographs. The mapping described here draws heavily on the small selection of photographs listed as sources above; rectification and more detailed scrutiny of a greater number of photographs may well yield evidence of additional elements of the site.
S. Tremlett (NMP), 20 September 2011.

October 2011. Local source (S28) reports that deposits of oyster shells are found in the grounds of Becketswell. Perhaps a midden?
D. Gurney (HES), 18 October 2011.

Funding has been granted with aims to make the Abbey more available to the community. Two new extensions, one which will be in the ruined chapel, will be built to create space to learn about the Abbey’s history.
See (S32) for further information.
M. Langham-Lopez (HES), 15 April 2013.

Monument Types

  • DITCH (Unknown date)
  • PIT (Unknown date)
  • POST HOLE (Unknown date)
  • POST HOLE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BELL CASTING PIT (Late Saxon to Medieval - 851 AD to 1539 AD)
  • CHURCH (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • DITCH (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • FLOOR (Late Saxon to Medieval - 851 AD to 1539 AD)
  • INHUMATION (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • PIT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • POST HOLE (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • ABBEY (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BUILDING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • CHURCH (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • DITCH (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • DRAIN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FISHPOND? (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FLOOR (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • INHUMATION (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • MANOR (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • MIDDEN (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • PRIORY (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • QUARRY (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • ROAD (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STAKE HOLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STRUCTURE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • TRACKWAY (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • WALL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FLOOR (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • INHUMATION (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • ROBBER TRENCH (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • WALL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • WATERCOURSE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds

  • ANIMAL REMAINS (Undated)
  • BURNT FLINT (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • POT (Late Prehistoric - 4000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FIGURINE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FLOOR TILE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • IMBREX (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • POT (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • HUMAN REMAINS (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • POT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • ANIMAL REMAINS (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • ARCHITECTURAL FRAGMENT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • ARCHITECTURAL FRAGMENT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • ARCHITECTURAL FRAGMENT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • ARROWHEAD (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BRICK (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BRICK (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • COFFIN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • DOOR (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINGER RING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FLOOR TILE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FONT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • HUMAN REMAINS (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • KEY (LOCKING) (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • KNIFE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • NAIL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • NAIL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • PISCINA (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • ROOF TILE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • ROOF TILE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • SEAL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STAINED GLASS (WINDOW) (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • TAP (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • TEXTILE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • TILE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • WINDOW (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • WINDOW (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • WINDOW GLASS (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BOTTLE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BRICK (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • CLAY PIPE (SMOKING) (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • FLOOR TILE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • HUMAN REMAINS (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • METAL WORKING DEBRIS (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • POT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • ROOF TILE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • TOKEN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Protected Status

  • Management Statement
  • Scheduled Monument
  • Listed Building
  • Listed Building
  • Listed Building
  • Listed Building

Sources and further reading

---Article in serial: Archaeologia. Vol XXVI.
---Aerial Photograph: TG 1001/ AEM-AEP.
---Aerial Photograph: TG 00 01 AEK-AEL.
---Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.A. (NLA). 1994. TG1001/AEW - AFC.
---Unpublished document: Stratascan. 2001. Geophysical Survey Report for NAU..
---Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.A. (NLA). 1996. TG 1001AFL - AFM.
---Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.A. (NLA). 1996. TG 1001AFH - AFK.
---Publication: Clapham. 1934. Vol II, p 43. p 43.
---Unpublished document: H. Paterson (A&E), MPP. Section 17 Management Agreement.
---Article in serial: Gurney, D. (ed.). 1993. Excavations and Surveys in Norfolk 1992. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XLI Pt IV pp 522-532. p 532.
---Scheduling record: Corbishley, M.J.. 1983. AM107.
---Unpublished document: Wallis, H.. 1993. NAU Report No. 12. Evaluation Report at Becketswell Road, Wymondham..
---Monograph: Fairweather, F.H.. A Supplement to Blomefield's Norfolk.. p 328. p 328.
---Article in serial: Gurney, D. (ed.). 1994. Excavations and Surveys in Norfolk 1993. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XLII Pt I pp 115-123. pp 122-123.
---Publication: James. 1930. Suffolk and Norfolk. p.133-7. pp 133-37.
---Publication: Cattermole, P.. 2007. Wymondham Abbey. P 161-2.
---Publication: Meshy, Agar. 1949. Wymondham Old and New. p.27-31. pp 27-31.
---Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 2009. Project Aims to Enhance Iconic Abbey. 5 February.
---Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 2009. Open day gives rare access to Abbey Meadows IN Eastern Daily Press. March 13.
---Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 2009. New insights into 900- year history of famous abbey. 24 March.
---Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 2009. Correspondance between N. Ford and P. Sargent. 31 October.
---Publication: 1833. Woodward Correspondance. p.195.
---Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 2002. Excavations ahead of abbey work. 17 July.
---Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 2009. A few days to discover some of the secrets of Norfolk's heritage. 7 September.
---Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 2009. On a mission to safeguard our churches. 26 December.
---Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 2010. Heaps of history and a market too. 2 February.
---Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 2010. The second Norman invasion.. 28 July.
---Serial: Pevsner, N.. The Buildings of England..
---Unpublished document: Cattermole, P.. 1999. An archaeological assessment for the Wymondham Abbey proposed extension..
---Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 2011. Highlights of history. Peter Sargent's take on the events that formed our region's settlements.. 7 May.
---Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 2011. Historic Abbey organ to get a through cleaning.. 2 September.
---Article in serial: Gurney, D. and Penn, K. 2004. Excavations and Surveys in Norfolk 2003. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XLIV Pt III pp 573-588. p 588.
---Article in serial: Gurney, D. and Penn, K. (eds). 2000. Excavations and Surveys in Norfolk 1999. Norfolk Archaeology. XLIII Pt III pp 521-543. p 541.
---Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 2011. Grant joy for abbey. 24 November.
---Archive: Heywood S. (HES). 1998. Norfolk County Council Site Record - Wymondham Abbey.
---Article in serial: Heywood, S. 1980. Wymondham Abbey. Archaeological Journal. Vol 137 pp 350-351.
---Article in serial: Gurney, D. and Penn, K. (eds). 1998. Excavations and Surveys in Norfolk 1997. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XLIII Pt I pp 193-210. p 209.
---Photograph: 1991. LBL 27-28, Medieval cockeral tap..
---Archive: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Medieval. Wymondham.
---Article in serial: Crowfoot, E. 1966. Wymondham Abbey. Norfolk Research Committee Bulletin. Series 1 No 16 pp 7-8.
---Secondary File: Secondary file.
---Slide: Various. Slide.
---Fiche: Exists.
---Photograph: BFF20 Sewer BPS15; GTM 19-25.
---(No record type): 2014.
<S1>Scheduling record: English Heritage. National Heritage List for England.
<S2>Unpublished document: Rose, E. (NLA). 1999. Building Report..
<S3>Unpublished document: H. Paterson (A&E), MPP. Management Statement.
<S4>Unpublished document: Cattermole, P.. 1999. NAU Report No. 435. Wymondham Abbey proposed extension. An Archaeological Assessment..
<S5>Unpublished document: Cushion, B.. 1999. Earthwork Survey.
<S6>Graphic material: Various. Various. Architectural plans..
<S7>Unpublished document: Trimble, G.. 2003. NAU Report No. 775. An Archaeological Evaluation at The East (monastic) Tower, Wymondham Abbey, Wymondham, Norfolk..
<S8>Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 2002. Historic dig at abbey. 10 November.
<S9>Monograph: Jenkins, S.. 2000. England's Thousand Best Churches..
<S11>Unpublished document: Dennis, M. (NLA). 2006. Geophysical Survey carried out at Wymondham Abbey, Norfolk, NHER 9437..
<S12>Scheduling record: DCMS. 2006. Scheduled monument consent.
<S13>Unpublished document: Norfolk County Council. 2008-2009. Section 17 Management Agreement.
<S14>Unpublished document: Norfolk Monuments Management Project. 2008-2009. Wymondham Abbey Meadows (HER 9437): Management Review.
<S15>Unpublished document: Birks, C.. 2009. Chris Birks Archaeological Services Report No. CB176R. Report on an archaeological watching brief at Wymondham Abbey, Norfolk..
<S16>Scheduling record: DCMS. 2009. Scheduled Monument Consent.
<S17>Unpublished document: Rolfe, M. 1993. Renaissance terra-cotta monuments in East Anglia..
<S18>Article in serial: Wallis, H. 2001. Excavations in Abbey Meadow and Westfields, Wymondham, 1992-3. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XLIII Pt IV pp 545-565.
<S19>Monograph: Cushion, B. and Davison, A.. 2003. Earthworks of Norfolk.. East Anglian Archaeology. Vol 104. pp 160-1.
<S20>Oblique Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.A. (AAF). 1979. NHER TG 1001A-B, K-N (AAF 194/14-19) 27-JUL-1979.
<S21>Oblique Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.A. (NLA). 1990. NHER TG 1001ADL-M (NLA 275/GER3-4) 01-AUG-1990.
<S22>Oblique Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.A. (NLA). 1994. NHER TG 1001AEW-Y (NLA 345/GZJ9-11) 05-AUG-1994.
<S23>Vertical Aerial Photograph: RAF. 1946. RAF 3G/TUD/UK/52 5339-40 31-JAN-1946 (NMR).
<S24>Oblique Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.A. (NLA). 1995. NHER TG 1001AEQ-V (NLA 347/HEK3-8) 02-FEB-1995.
<S25>Illustration: Denny, J.P.S.. Reconstruction drawing and plan of the monastery buildings, Wymondham Abbey.
<S26>Map: Bircham, W.G.. 1839. Wymondham Tithe Map.
<S27>Unpublished document: Wallis, H.. 1993. NAU Report No. 22. Excavation at Abbey Meadow, Wymondham..
<S28>Verbal communication: Richard Barton-Wood. 2011.
<S29>Article in serial: Gurney, D. and Penn, K. (eds). 2003. Excavations and Surveys in Norfolk, 2002. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XLIV Pt II pp 368-384. p 384.
<S30>Article in serial: Gurney, D. and Penn, K. (eds). 2000. Excavations and Surveys in Norfolk 1999. Norfolk Archaeology. XLIII Pt III pp 521-543. p 541.
<S31>Article in serial: Gurney, D. and Penn, K. (eds). 1999. Excavations and Surveys in Norfolk 1998. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XLIII Pt II pp 369-387. p 386.
<S32>Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 2013. Abbey project go-ahead after £1.5m lottery grant.. 18 March.
<S33>Article in serial: Nenk, B. S., Margeson, S. and Hurley, M. 1993. Medieval Britain and Ireland in 1992. Medieval Archaeology. Vol XXXVII pp 240-313. pp277-278.
<S34>Article in serial: Nenk, B. S., Margeson, S. and Hurley, M. 1994. Medieval Britain and Ireland in 1993. Medieval Archaeology. Vol XXXVIII pp 184-293. p236.

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