Record Details

NHER Number:9285
Type of record:Find Spot
Name:Palaeolithic flint handaxe and potentially prehistoric worked flints

Summary

Several potentially prehistoric worked flints were recovered from a gravel pit at this site prior to 1942. A Palaeolithic flint handaxe was discovered here in 1944.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TG 1514 0955
Map Sheet:TG10NE
Parish:BAWBURGH, SOUTH NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

1934-1942. Stray Find.
3 "sub-crag" flints found H. De Caux, 10'-12' [3.05m-3.66m] below surface in gravel pit on The Hangings. Information from (S1).
These finds are listed in (S2) as "...an end-scraper, a side-scraper and a rostro-carinate…very much abraded, and show[ing] polishing and striation". The 'rostro-carinate' had been exhibited at a meeting of the Prehistoric Society of East Anglia in December 1934 (S3).

It should be noted that finds originally described as 'rosto-carinates' are now mostly seen as natural objects, rather than deliberately worked implements. The gravel pit mentioned by De Caux can be seen on aerial photographs taken in 1946 (approx. TG 1514 0955).
These finds were previously recorded under NHER 9284.
Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 24 March 2014.

1944. Stray Find.
Found by [1] in pit by The Hangings:
1 Palaeolithic "Acheulian type" flint handaxe. See drawing (S4).
Identified by R. R. Clarke (NCM) in 1947. Information from (S5).
Listed in (S6) and described by Wymer in (S7) as a finely made, elegant Acheulian handaxe with light ochreous staining, in slightly rolled condition. Also noted on (S8) and in (S9) and (S10), although no additional information is given.

The site of this discovery was marked on several subsequent O.S maps at TG 1515 0950. This is probably slightly inaccurate as it is highly likely that this object was recovered from the same pit as De Caux's earlier discoveries.
Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 24 March 2014.

Monument Types

  • FINDSPOT (Lower Palaeolithic to Middle Palaeolithic - 1000000 BC to 40001 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Prehistoric - 1000000 BC? to 42 AD?)

Associated Finds

  • END SCRAPER? (Lower Palaeolithic to Late Iron Age - 500000 BC? to 42 AD?)
  • HANDAXE (Lower Palaeolithic to Middle Palaeolithic - 500000 BC to 40001 BC)
  • SIDE SCRAPER? (Lower Palaeolithic to Late Iron Age - 500000 BC? to 42 AD?)
  • WORKED OBJECT? (Lower Palaeolithic to Middle Palaeolithic - 500000 BC? to 40001 BC?)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Record Card: Ordnance Survey Staff. 1933-1979?. Ordnance Survey Record Cards. TG 10 NE 3; TG 10 NE 4.
---Record Card: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card. NHERs 9284-9285.
---Secondary File: Secondary File.
<S1>Record Card: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Miscellaneous Prehistoric.
<S2>Article in Serial: De Caux, H. 1942. A Prehistoric Site in the Yare Valley. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XXVIII Pt I pp 71-75. p 74.
<S3>Article in Serial: 1934. Summary of Proceedings. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society of East Anglia. Vol VII Pt III pp 427-430. p 430.
<S4>Illustration: Wymer, J. J. 1989. Drawing of a Palaeolithic flint handaxe from Bawburgh. Paper. 1:1.
<S5>Record Card: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Palaeolithic.
<S6>Monograph: Roe, D. A. 1968. A Gazetteer of British Lower and Middle Palaeolithic Sites. CBA Research Report. No 8. p 228.
<S7>Publication: Wymer, J. J. 1985. Palaeolithic Sites of East Anglia. p 57.
<S8>Record Card: Wymer, J. J. Wymer Index Card - Palaeolithic. Bawburgh.
<S9>Unpublished Contractor Report: 1997. The English Rivers Palaeolithic Project. Regions 8 (East Anglian Rivers) and 11 (Trent Drainage). Wessex Archaeology. W&Y-3, No.10.
<S10>Website: TERPS online database. Site 22617.

Related records - none

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