Record Details

NHER Number:9192
Type of record:Find Spot
Name:Unprovenanced Palaeolithic worked flints from gravel pit (Old Buckenham, poorly located)

Summary

The Cambridge University Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology holds three Palaeolithic implements that appear to have been found at Old Buckenham during the early 20th century. This small assemblage comprises a handaxe and two flakes (one retouched). The exact location(s) of these discoveries is unknown, although two of the objects are recorded as being from a "gravel pit"

Images - none

Location

Parish:OLD BUCKENHAM, BRECKLAND, NORFOLK

Full description

The Cambridge University Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology (CUMAA) holds several Palaeolithic objects from unlocated gravel pits at Old Buckenham. These are listed in (S1) as 1 handaxe, 1 retouched flake/flake implement and 1 unretouched flake. Information from (S2).

The handaxe was found in 1907 and had been donated by the Cambridge Antiquarian Society (Z 29366). According to (S3) it is a flat slightly rolled ovate marked "Old Buckenham". The other objects listed by Roe were collected by Rev. W. Gray and are recorded as being from "Buckenham Gravel Pit" (1924.1012). A handaxe is also noted under this accession number but the single handaxe listed by Roe (S2) is almost certainly the 1907 discovery.
These finds are also noted in (S4), (S5) and (S6), although little additonal information is given.

The location of these discoveries is unclear, particularly as they are not necessarily all from the same site. The 1st Edition OS map marks a number of open gravel pits in the parish, including one at TM 051 907 and a group of three in the vicinity of TG 063 905.
Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 8 April 2013.

Monument Types

  • FINDSPOT (Lower Palaeolithic to Middle Palaeolithic - 1000000 BC to 40001 BC)

Associated Finds

  • FLAKE (Lower Palaeolithic to Middle Palaeolithic - 500000 BC to 40001 BC)
  • HANDAXE (Lower Palaeolithic to Middle Palaeolithic - 500000 BC to 40001 BC)
  • RETOUCHED FLAKE (Lower Palaeolithic to Middle Palaeolithic - 500000 BC to 40001 BC)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Record Card: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
<S1>Monograph: Roe, D. A. 1968. A Gazetteer of British Lower and Middle Palaeolithic Sites. CBA Research Report. No 8. p 229.
<S2>Record Card: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Palaeolithic.
<S3>Record Card: Wymer, J. J. Wymer Index Card - Palaeolithic. Old Buckenham (Old Buckenham Gravel Pits).
<S4>Publication: Wymer, J. J. 1985. Palaeolithic Sites of East Anglia. p 57.
<S5>Unpublished Contractor Report: 1996. The English Rivers Palaeolithic Project. Regions 9 (Great Ouse) and 12 (Yorkshire and the Lincolnshire Wolds). Wessex Archaeology. p 103.
<S6>Website: TERPS online database. Site 22864.

Related records - none

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