Record Details

NHER Number:9127
Type of record:Monument
Name:Bank and ditch

Summary

This is the site of an undated earthwork which may be a continuation of Bunn's Bank (see NHER 9206). The earthwork consists of a bank and ditch that may be dated to the Early Saxon period.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TM 0748 9626
Map Sheet:TM09NE
Parish:BESTHORPE, BRECKLAND, NORFOLK

Full description

Section 120 m (130 yards) in length southeast of Walnut Tree Farm.

Bank - part of Bunn's Bank?

Bank known to (S1) who regarded it as part of Bunn's Bank. Scheduled section 0757 9612 - 0761 9605 - 2.4m (8 foot) high, 11.6m (38 foot) to ditch on east (sloping), 73m (80 yards) long. Rediscovered 1950 by (S2) seen by R. R. Clarke (NCM) 12 August 1951. Also remains under fences both sides of railway at 0750 9618. R. R. Clarke (NCM) thought it extended to 0732 9640 as slight rise in field - but note moat here.
E. Rose (NLA).

Note that the suggested Roman road NHER 33952, if projected eastwards, would meet the north end of this feature.
E. Rose (NLA), 5 November 1998.

March 1999. Visit.
North of the railway a slight rise in the arable field shows the line of the bank. Towards north end of earthwork a hump about 1.5m high noted.
H.Paterson (A&E) 22 March 1999.

November 2000. Visit.
The profile of the bank now revealed.
H. Paterson (A&E), 30 November 2000.

March 2010.
Section 17 agreement renewed.
See (S3)
D. Robertson (NLA), 11 August 2010.

May 2012. Norfolk NMP.
At least part of the earthwork described above is visible on aerial photographs (S4-S6), most clearly the southern 145m section, stretching from TM 0761 9604 to TM 0752 9616.
The northern section has been recorded with a separate polygon, as it is visible as a soilmark from TM 0743 9629 to TM 0735 9647 on the lateset available aerial photographs (S7), but on a slightly different alignment to that recorded originally.
E. Bales (NMP), 08 May 2012.

Monument Types

  • BANK (EARTHWORK) (Unknown date)
  • DITCH (Unknown date)
  • BANK (EARTHWORK) (Early Saxon - 410 AD to 650 AD)
  • DITCH (Early Saxon - 410 AD to 650 AD)

Associated Finds - none

Protected Status

  • Scheduled Monument

Sources and further reading

---Aerial Photograph: TM0796A (north end just visible).
---Designation: [unknown]. Ancient Monuments Form. SAM Record. DNF234.
---Unpublished Document: H. Paterson (A&E), MPP. Section 17 Management Agreement.
---Designation: Corbishley, M.J.. 1983. AM107.
---Record Card: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
---Secondary File: Secondary File.
---Record Card: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Miscellaneous. Buckenham, Old.
<S1>Publication: Harrod, H. 1857. Gleanings among the Castles and Convents of Norfolk.
<S2>Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. [unknown]. [unknown]. 27 July.
<S3>Unpublished Document: Norfolk County Council. 2009-2010. Norfolk Monuments Management Project Section 17 agreement.
<S4>Vertical Aerial Photograph: USAAF. 1944. US/7PH/GP/LOC264 5053 31-MAR-1944 (NMR).
<S5>Vertical Aerial Photograph: RAF. 1946. RAF 3G/TUD/UK/101 6104-5 30-MAR-1946 (NMR).
<S6>Vertical Aerial Photograph: RAF. 1946. RAF 106G/UK/1634 1128-9 09-JUL-1946 (NMR).
<S7>Vertical Aerial Photograph: Infoterra and Bluesky Ltd. 1999. Infoterra Ltd & Bluesky 1999 (Google Earth TM 0730 9640).

Related records - none

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