Record Details

NHER Number:8126
Type of record:Monument
Name:Site of St Faith's Fairstead and multi-period finds

Summary

Objects dating from the Neolithic to the post medieval period have been discovered at the site of St Faith's Fairstead. A charter for a fair was granted in 1100 and it was held annually until the mid-19th century. Cattle from all over Britain were brought to it. The artefacts found here include an Early Neolithic (or possibly Upper Palaeolithic/Early Mesolithic) flint flake, an Early Saxon wrist clasp and medieval and post medieval coins and metalwork.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TG 21 14
Map Sheet:TG21SW
Parish:HORSHAM ST FAITH AND NEWTON ST FAITH, BROADLAND, NORFOLK

Full description

NOTE - No additional finds are to be added to this record [1].

St Faith's Fairstead. Fair for selling cattle. Originally many small fields, now a single 50 acre field. At TG 217 149 were three acres called The Lond used for stalls.
Information from [2], 1952.

December 1980. Metal detecting.
Post medieval handle or tag-end.
Silver penny of Edward VI.
S. Margeson (NCM), 17 November 1981.

1981. Metal detecting.
Medieval jetton.
Penny of Edward IV.
Farthing of Edward II.
Lead weight of James I.
Sixpence of Elizabeth I.
Late medieval copper alloy dress hook, (S1).
S. Margeson (NCM), 29 August 1981.

July 1982. Metal detecting.
Post medieval gold seal matrix with hexagonal face and facetted handle. 18th century.
S. Margeson (NCM), September 1982.

1984. Metal detecting.
Early Saxon copper alloy wrist clasp.
S. Margeson (NCM), 17 August 1984.

1989. Metal detecting.
Early post medieval discoidal decorated ?fastener.
Post medieval square weight.
Silver groat of Phillip and Mary (1554-1558).
W. Milligan (NCM), 31 January 1990.

1991. Metal detecting.
Post medieval thick lead disc with projecting lug. Possible trial piece or weight.
Identified by S. Margeson (NCM), 13 March 1991.
W. Milligan (NCM), March 1991.

1992. Metal detecting.
2 medieval coins.
Medieval horse harness stud.
See lists in file.
W. Milligan (NCM), 26 October 1992.

2003. Stray find.
1 Early Neolithic (or possibly Upper Palaeolithic/Early Mesolithic) flint flake from blade core.
Donated to Norwich Castle Museum (NWHCM : 2007.409).
Identified by P. Robins (NCM), see description in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 12 November 2003. Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 2 September 2014.

March 2006.
Charter for the fair was granted in 1100 and it continued to be held annually until the mid-19th century. Cattle from all over Britain were brought to it.
See (S2).
D. Robertson (NLA), 22 March 2006.

October 2006. Systematic Fieldwalking and Metal-detecting Survey.
Field survey on proposed line of Norwich Northern Distributor Road (Fields 35 and 36).
This survey of the easternmost parts of these two fields recovered a reasonably large assemblage of medieval to post-medieval metal objects, including many types of artefact that are typical of what might be encountered at a fair site.
See report (S3) and NHERs 49745 and 49746 for further details.
P. Watkins (HES), 14 May 2019.

Before 28 November 2006. Metal detecting.
Three medieval and three post medieval coins, one medieval and two post medieval tokens.
Medieval and post medieval metal objects.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 1 February 2007.

2007. Trial Trenching.
Evaluation of site on proposed line of Norwich Northern Distributor Road (Phase 1).
Single trench excavated at eastern end of southern field, where the greatest concentration of medieval to post-medieval artefacts had been recovered during the 2006 field survey.
The only feature exposed was a ditch that had probably been associated with a late post-medieval field boundary.
See report (S4) and NHER 63381 for further details.
P. Watkins (HES), 14 May 2019.

April 2012-April 2013. Geophysical Survey.
Magnetometer survey on proposed line of Norwich Northern Distributor Road (Block 23).
Survey of block at eastern end of southern field.
The only evidence for archaeologically significant remains was a linear anomaly that almost certainly corresponded with the late post-medieval ditch identified during the earlier trial trenching.
See report (S5) and NHER 63381 for further details.
P. Watkins (HES), 14 May 2019.

Overall the results of the work undertaken prior to the construction of the Norwich Northern Distributor Road suggest that there probably wasn't any surviving sub-surface remains associated with the fair, at least at its eastern limits. It is entirely possible that archaeologically significant features are present elsewhere in these fields.
P. Watkins (HES), 14 May 2019.

NOTE - No additional finds are to be added to this record [1].

Monument Types

  • FINDSPOT (Upper Palaeolithic to Early Neolithic - 40000 BC? to 3001 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Early Saxon - 410 AD to 650 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval to 19th Century - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • FAIR (Medieval to 19th Century - 1100 AD to 1899 AD)
  • MARKET (Medieval to 19th Century - 1100 AD to 1899 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds

  • FINGER RING (Undated)
  • FLAKE (Upper Palaeolithic to Early Neolithic - 40000 BC? to 3001 BC)
  • SLEEVE CLASP (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • DRESS COMPONENT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • EWER (Medieval to 19th Century - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • HARNESS (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • TOKEN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • TOKEN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • VESSEL (Medieval to 19th Century - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • WEIGHT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • ANIMAL BELL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BOOK FITTING (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BUTTON (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN WEIGHT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • CROTAL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • DRESS COMPONENT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • DRESS COMPONENT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • DRESS FASTENER (DRESS) (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • JEWS HARP (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • KEY (LOCKING) (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • PIN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • SEAL MATRIX (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • TOKEN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • WEIGHT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • WEIGHT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Monograph: Ashley, S. 2002. Medieval Armorial Horse Furniture in Norfolk. East Anglian Archaeology. No 101.
---Photograph: Photocopy of artefact or artefacts.
---Record Card: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
---Monograph: Ashwin, T. & Davison, A. (eds). 2005. An Historical Atlas of Norfolk.. p.33. pp 139-140.
---Record Card: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Medieval. Horsham St Faith and Newton St Faith.
---Secondary File: Secondary File.
---Collection: Norfolk Historic Environment Record Staff. 1975-[2000]. HER Record Notes. Norfolk Historic Environment Service.
<S1>Illustration: Unknown. 1981. Drawing of a post-medieval copper alloy dress hook.. Card. 1:1.
<S2>Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 1984. Days of drovers recalled. 21 April.
<S3>Unpublished Contractor Report: Morgan, S. and Hoggett, R. 2008. Norwich Northern Distributor Route: Fieldwalking and Metal-detecting Survey. NAU Archaeology. 1369.
<S4>Unpublished Contractor Report: Trimble, G. and Watkins, P. 2008. Norwich Northern Distributor Route: Archaeological Evaluation by Trial Trenching. NAU Archaeology. 1363.
<S5>Unpublished Contractor Report: Harrison, S. and Webb, A. 2013. Norwich Northern Distributor Road, Norwich, Norfolk. Geophysical Survey. Archaeological Services WYAS.

Related records - none

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